All you need to know about archery: The bow and arrow, scoring and format

  • Agencies
  • Updated: Aug 05, 2016 15:02 IST
There are four gold medals -- men’s and women’s individual and team title -- for the hottest shots on the 70 metre range aiming for the 122 centimetre diameter targets. (Shutterstock)

The Rio de Janeiro Sambodromo is traditionally a tumult of noise with sweaty dancing during the city’s annual carnival by rival samba schools.

Quiet will reign, maybe, when the Olympic archery contest is staged there from August 5-12.

There are four gold medals -- men’s and women’s individual and team title -- for the hottest shots on the 70 metre range aiming for the 122 centimetre diameter targets.

There were seven gold medals when archery made its Olympic debut in 1900 in Paris. By 1908 this had been cut to three and archery only reappeared in 1920. It was then missing until the 1972 Games in Munich when there men’s and women’s individual titles. Team golds were added in 1988 in Seoul.

Kim Woojin famously won the 2011 world archery men’s title, failed to make the all-conquering South Korean team for the 2012 Olympics and then won the 2012 World Cup.

He won the world title again last year but this time will captain the South Korean team for Rio. Defending men’s Olympic champion Oh Jin-Hyek failed to make the South Korean team. South Korea won three of the gold medals in London with Oh the men’s winner and Ki Bo-Bae taking the women’s title as well as being part of the women’s team champions. Italy won the men’s team gold.

Here is all you need know about the game and India’s title hopes in this Olympics.

hit me!
Hitting a circle of 12cm diameter from 70m away can be quite a task. Hover over the bullets to know the points

TARGET: Consists of 10 concentric circles. It is 1.22m in diameter and positioned 1.3m above the ground. Archers have to shoot from 70m away. They aim for the innermost circle (yellow) of 12cm diameter which fetches 10 or 9 points. Arrows hitting the rings outside fetch fewer points depending on their distance from the centre.
01 pt
02 pt
03 pt
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05 pt
06 pt
07 pt
08 pt
09 pt
10 pt
watch out for
The four will represent India at Rio. The women will participate in individual and team events
Deepika Kumari
The world No 12 was born in Ratu Chati, 15 km from Ranchi. Deepika was scouted by former Jharkhand CM Arjun Munda’s wife Meera who had an academy in Kharsawan. From there she went to the Tata Archery Academy in Jamshedpur.
L Bombayla Devi
She is named Bombayla as she was born in Bombay. She is currently ranked 70. She is the first Manipuri to win the nationals. Her mother M Jamini Devi is an archery coach and her father Manglem Singh is the state handball coach.
Laxmi Rani Majhi
The daughter of a coal mine worker, Majhi has been in the archery circuit for some time. She is 15 in world rankings. Majhi was scouted by national coach Dharmendra Tiwari during one of the federation’s initiatives.
Atanu Das
He is ranked 22 but has pipped world No 15 Jayanta Talukdar and Olympic berth winner Mangal Singh Champia in the trials. A former Tata Archery Academy cadet, Atanu is now employed by the Petroleum Sports Promotion Board. He hails from Baranagar, the same area where Dola Banerjee lives.

(Graphics, data: Hindustan Times)

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