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- Camera Lenses
- Mobile Phones
- TV Parts
- Denatured Ethyl Alcohol
- Acid Grade Fluorspar
- Domestic Manufacture of Shrimp
- Electric Kitchen Chimneys
- Articles made from Gold, Platinum
- Silver Doors and Bars
- Compounded Rubber
The union budget is an annual financial statement that lays out the government’s proposed expenditures and revenues for the upcoming fiscal year, which begins on April 1 and ends on March 31 of the following year. A comprehensive document that outlines the government’s economic and fiscal policies, it is presented by the Finance Minister of India in the Parliament.
According to the differences in revenue and expenditure, the budget is categorised into three main types - balanced, surplus and deficit.
1. A balanced budget is when the estimated government expenditure is the same as the expected revenue in a certain financial year.
2. A budget is considered surplus when the government revenue surpasses the expected expenses in a financial year
3. When the government’s expenses overshoot the revenue during a fiscal year, it is termed as a deficit budget.
The union budget can be classified into two: revenue budget and capital budget. The revenue budget is made up of revenue receipts - the amount of taxes and other levies the union government expects to collect and revenue expenditures. Revenue receipts. Revenue expenditure are the regular expenses associated with the government's regular operations and the variety of services provided to the general population.
Capital expenditures and capital receipts make up the capital budget, which has long-term components. Loans from taxpayers, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), and foreign governments are some of the main sources of government revenue.
On the other side, capital expenditures include expenses for the creation and upkeep of tools, machinery, buildings, schools, and other infrastructure. A fiscal deficit happens when the amount of money the government spends exceeds the amount it brings in.
Current budget refers to the total approved estimates of the current expenses of a fiscal year in the Annual Budget Statement.
Total government spending is projected to increase by Rs. 1,750 billion to about Rs. 39,450 billion compared to FY 2022 mainly due to interest payments and capital expenditure loans to states.
The union budget is more technically referred to as the Annual Financial Statement in Article 112 of the Constitution of India
The ministry of finance prepares the budget in consultation with the Niti Aayog and concerned ministries.
An indirect tax is the one levied on goods and services rather than on income or profits. Sales tax, value-added tax (VAT), and excise taxes are examples of indirect taxes. Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Central Excise Duty are the two major indirect taxes.
A direct tax is the one that is levied on the income or wealth of an individual or organisation. Income tax, corporate tax, and property tax are all examples of direct taxes. The two major direct taxes are income tax and corporate tax
The Finance Bill is a part of the union budget and contains the fiscal proposals for the upcoming financial year. As per a Mint report, the government may bring in changes to GST law this year, withholding credit for taxes paid by businesses while taking the services rendered to the community as part of corporate social responsibility (CSR).