Rediscovering the ancient practice of Yoga for the future generations

Updated on Jul 08, 2019 08:40 AM IST
The earliest evidence of Yoga is recorded on the Harappan seals of the Indus Valley or the Sindhu-Saraswati Civilisation by renowned archaeologist John Marshall in the early 20th century.
One of the biggest contributions of India to the world is the knowledge of Yoga, now accepted internationally by the United Nations (UN) and the world. International Yoga Day is celebrated every year on the day of Summer Solstice (June 21) since 2014.(Biplov Bhuyan/HT PHOTO)
One of the biggest contributions of India to the world is the knowledge of Yoga, now accepted internationally by the United Nations (UN) and the world. International Yoga Day is celebrated every year on the day of Summer Solstice (June 21) since 2014.(Biplov Bhuyan/HT PHOTO)
ByShikha Jain

One of the biggest contributions of India to the world is the knowledge of Yoga, now accepted internationally by the United Nations (UN) and the world. International Yoga Day is celebrated every year on the day of Summer Solstice (June 21) since 2014. While we in Gurugram know about this popular day and often practice Yoga in groups, or on our own with specialised trainers available across the city, to counterbalance the increasing urban pressure on our health and state of mind, we rarely realise that Yoga has existed in this land throughout the centuries.

The earliest evidence of Yoga is recorded on the Harappan seals of the Indus Valley or the Sindhu-Saraswati Civilisation by renowned archaeologist John Marshall in the early 20th century. Substantial research has been carried by national and international scholars on the content and postures depicted on these seals that prove that Yoga was practised as far back as 2700 BC. The number of seals and fossil remains of the Indus Valley Civilisation with Yogic motifs and figures performing Yoga Sadhana clearly establish the presence of Yoga in ancient India and the Gurugram region, which was historically a part of the Sindhu-Saraswati belt.

Besides such historical evidence, there is the associated mythology of the Gurugram region with the epic of Mahabharata recording the practice of Yoga. In the Bhagavad Gita, each of the 18 chapters is entitled Yoga (the term originating in the Sanskrit root Yuj meaning joining). Lord Krishna clearly instructs his disciple Arjuna that Yoga means “cultivating the proper attitude of mind” in various circumstances that you face during your lifetime.

The particular Sankrit shloka, “tatra ekagram mana krtva yatacittendriya kriyah/upavishyasane yunjyadyogamatmavishud’dhaye//” (Bhagavad Gita, 6.12) means that “the adept, seated firmly in one posture, restraining his senses and mind, with supreme one-pointed concentration, engage himself in the practice of Yoga”. Guru Dronacharya’s lesson of supreme concentration to Arjuna as the archer targeting the bird’s eye is an example of yogic practice of concentration.

While we often consider Yoga today in its simplistic form of a physical exercise and stress reliever, it is the supreme concentration and the coming together of the body, mind and soul that leads to the ultimate benefits of health.

It is also interesting to note the differences between the various means of imparting yogic education in earlier times and now. The knowledge used to be passed on traditionally through experienced and wise persons in the families and then by the rishis and munis (sages) in ashrams (hermitage). However today, we see that Yoga education in cities is being imparted by many eminent Yoga institutions, Yoga colleges and Yoga departments in the universities, along with several private trusts and societies. Many Yoga clinics, Yoga therapy and training centres, preventive health care units of Yoga, and Yoga research centres have been established in hospitals, dispensaries and medical institutions.

As recorded by the ministry of Ayush for the 2019 International Yoga Day, the activity was widespread in metropolitan cities and the various villages of Haryana. One example that stands out is that of the Taj Nagar gram panchayat located in the Gurugram district. The village takes Yoga very seriously and has started conducting regular Yoga training classes. Inhabitants of the nearby village of Khadakpur have also joined them. Perhaps this revival and spread of Yoga in the 21st century in towns and villages around Gurugram will improve mental health and tolerance along with a love for ecological balance among the residents and help retain some of our past values for our future lifestyle.

(Shikha Jain is state convenor, INTACH Haryana Chapter and member of Heritage Committees under ministries of culture and HRD. She is co-­editor of book ‘Haryana: Cultural Heritage Guide’; director, DRONAH (Development and Research Organisation.)
SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close Story
QUICKREADS

Less time to read?

Try Quickreads

  • Vehicles wade through a heavily water logged street after sudden rains at Rohtak Road in New Delhi, India, on Sunday, August 7, 2022. (Photo by Sanchit Khanna/Hindustan Times)

    Rain pushes Delhi's mercury below 30°C; showers may ease today, says Met

    While Safdarjung recorded only 2.7mm of rain through the day, moderate rainfall was recorded in south-west Delhi, with Palam receiving 33.3mm of rainfall till 5.30 pm, followed by 22.0mm at Ayanagar.

  • Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar participating in the 7th Governing Council meeting of NITI Aayog, in New Delhi on Sunday. (ANI)

    NITI Aayog meet: Haryana encouraging farmers to switch to natural farming, says Khattar

    Urging the Union government to promote natural farming in the country, chief minister Manohar Lal Khattar on Sunday informed the NITI Aayog that the Haryana government has been taking steps to encourage farmers to switch from chemical farming to natural farming. The chief minister said that the state government is completely focused on promoting natural farming in the state and that farmers should also be encouraged for the same.

  • DCP Sharma said on June 6 this year, a passenger — Ravi Rameshbhai Chaudhary, who had an Indian passport and was deported from Kuwait via a flight — approached officials for immigration clearance on arrival.

    Delhi: One arrested for forging visas, passports; other aides on the run

    Tanu Sharma, deputy commissioner of police, Indira Gandhi International Airport (New Delhi), said on June 6 this year, a passenger — Ravi Rameshbhai Chaudhary, who had an Indian passport and was deported from Kuwait via a flight — approached officials for immigration clearance on arrival. “The passenger was in possession of a fake or fabricated passport, according to immigration officials. He was arrested, and a case under relevant sections of the Indian Penal Code and the Passport Act was registered against him,” she said.

  • Addressing reporters here, Union minister of ports, shipping and waterways Sarbananda Sonowal claimed that the previous governments had ignored the North-Eastern states but the BJP government has initiated several projects there. (PTI File Photo)

    Only corrupt afraid of ED probe: Union minister Sonowal

    Union minister of ports, shipping and waterways Sarbananda Sonowal on Sunday said the Modi government has focused on the importance of waterways by starting various projects. Addressing reporters here, Sonowal claimed that the previous governments had ignored the North-Eastern states but the BJP government has initiated several projects there. Sonowal, who was on a two-day visit to Rohtak, said the Enforcement Directorate is an independent agency and only “corrupt people” are afraid of its investigation.

  • The medical store owner was identified as Kapil Goyal, alias Babbu,who was sent to jail, after being presented before a court. (Ht Photo/ Representational image)

    Medical store owner held with 5,482 banned tablets in Yamunanagar

    The anti-narcotics cell has arrested a medical store owner in the Saraswati Nagar area allegedly with 5,482 banned intoxicant capsules and tablets, a spokesperson of tcell in-charge Rakesh Ranasaid on Sunday. The man was identified as Kapil Goyal, alias a local, Babbu, who was sent to jail, after being presented before a court, cell in-charge Rakesh Rana said.

SHARE
Story Saved
×
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Monday, August 08, 2022
Start 15 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now