Here’s all you need to know about the traditional Assamese ‘Gamosa’

Here are six things about the traditional Assamse Gamosa that you probably didn't know about.

Published on Jul 26, 2022 05:19 PM IST 7 Photos

The traditional Assamese Gamosa/Gamusa or Gamucha is one of the most recognisable cultural symbols of Assam. It is a white rectangular piece of cloth with embroidered red borders. While it has a lot of uses, it is mostly used as an article presented to guests, elders, family or friends on special occasions as a sign of respect. No important ceremony or event is complete without the Gamosa.(Pexels)

There are a total of nine types of Gamosas used for different occassions. Uka Gamosa, Phulam Gamosa, Bihuwan Gamosa, Tiyoni Gamosa, Pani Gamosa, Anakota Gamosa, Telosh Gamusa, Jor Gamosa and Xadharon Gamosa.(Pinterest)

The red border is called the "anchu" and is believed to be the sign of Ahom strength. "Anchu” was derived from a certain red flower which was also known as “anchu”.(Pinterest)


The world ‘Gamusa’ originated from the Sanskrit word “gatro Marjuni," which translates to 'a cloth to wipe the body.'(Pinterest)

It is rectangle in shape and around 2 feet in width and 4 feet in height. While most Gamosas are made of cotton, few utilized in special occasions are made from Silk too.(Pinterest)