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Mahatma Gandhi 150th Birth Anniversary: The man who chronicled Gandhi

Mahadev Desai joined Gandhi at 25 as his secretary. He died, imprisoned with the Mahatma, at age 50. Throughout that time, he maintained diaries that offer a rare insight into the mind of the most secular leader India has seen.

Gandhi with Mahadev Desai (right) at the All India Congress Committee meeting in Bombay, August 8, 1942, the day that the Quit India resolution was moved.(National)
Gandhi with Mahadev Desai (right) at the All India Congress Committee meeting in Bombay, August 8, 1942, the day that the Quit India resolution was moved.(National)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 08:05 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByNachiketa Desai

Birla House: A visit to the Mahatma

Formerly the house of noted industrialist Ghanshyam Das Birla, the home where MK Gandhi spent his last 144 days is now a museum. Everything about the place memorialises the Mahatma

Gandhi, a day before his assassination at Birla House, New Delhi.(National Gandhi Museum)
Gandhi, a day before his assassination at Birla House, New Delhi.(National Gandhi Museum)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 08:00 PM IST
Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By

‘I kept feeling that Bapu would wake up any minute’: Tara Gandhi Bhattacharjee

Mahatma Gandhi 150th Birth Anniversary: Tara Gandhi Bhattacharjee, the eldest of four children of Devadas and Lakshmi Rajagopalachari (the daughter of C Rajagopalachari), spoke about her father’s stint in Hindustan Times, her grandparents, and the changing face of Delhi.

Tara Bhattacharjee at her residence in New Delhi.(Amal KS/HT)
Tara Bhattacharjee at her residence in New Delhi.(Amal KS/HT)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 05:44 PM IST
Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By

Gandhi Jayanti: A tribute to Mahatma Gandhi by Dr Martin Luther King, Jr

On January 30, 1958, to mark the 10th anniversary of the Mahatma’s passing, a young clergyman who was using Gandhian methods in America wrote an article for Hindustan Times on why India’s Father of the Nation belonged ‘to the ages’.

Dr Martin Luther King, Jr stands next to a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in his office in 1966.(Bob Fitch Photography Archive, Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries)
Dr Martin Luther King, Jr stands next to a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in his office in 1966.(Bob Fitch Photography Archive, Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 05:41 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByDr Martin Luther King, Jr

Hindustan Times and the Mahatma

When Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi inaugurated the Hindustan Times press in 1924, he knew it was time for a paper that reflected the sentiments of millions of Indians and their shared national agenda.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi inaugurated the Hindustan Times press in 1924.(KK Chawla/HT Archives)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi inaugurated the Hindustan Times press in 1924.(KK Chawla/HT Archives)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 07:58 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByDhamini Ratnam

Gandhiji’s name etched in the history of independent India, writes Mohan Bhagwat

Mahatma Gandhi 150th Birth Anniversary: MK Gandhi stood for social equality and harmony, and translated his vision into action. We must perceive, understand and manifest this in our lives.

Mahatma Gandhi with Hindutva icon Syama Prasad Mookerjee, New Delhi, 1946.(Alamy Stock)
Mahatma Gandhi with Hindutva icon Syama Prasad Mookerjee, New Delhi, 1946.(Alamy Stock)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 08:02 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByMohan Bhagwat

Mahatma Gandhi 150th Birth Anniversary: Essential reading on MK Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi 150th Birth Anniversary: Swami Anand, who persistently urged Gandhi to write his autobiography, wrote detailed pen sketches of persons and, through that, introduced the readers to sociological insights about castes and communities.

Gandhi after his release from prison, 1924.(gandhi museum)
Gandhi after his release from prison, 1924.(gandhi museum)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 05:47 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByTridip Suhrud

A biographer’s journey: In search of the Mahatma

Mahatma Gandhi 150th Birth Anniversary: The Collected Works had all the known letters that Gandhi himself wrote; but virtually none of the letters that he received or responded to. Then there were the thousands of letters written about Gandhi by his contemporaries and critics.

Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru spinning, Delhi.(National)
Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru spinning, Delhi.(National)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 05:49 PM IST
Hindustan Times | By

Gandhi and Gujarat: At home and in self-imposed exile

The state was his birthplace and the site of his experiments with truth. But it must analyse its points of divergence from the Father of the Nation

At 6.30 am, on March 12, 1930 MK Gandhi, accompanied by co-marchers, left the Sabarmati ashram for Dandi, a coastal village in Gujarat.(HT Photo)
At 6.30 am, on March 12, 1930 MK Gandhi, accompanied by co-marchers, left the Sabarmati ashram for Dandi, a coastal village in Gujarat.(HT Photo)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 07:01 PM IST
Hindustan Times, New Delhi | ByTridip Suhrud

Gandhi, Ambedkar and the 1932 Poona Pact

The 1931 Poona Pact shaped India’s Dalit political representation, and its implications are felt even in today’s parliamentary elections. At the heart of it lay a fundamental difference in their points of view. While Gandhi saw untouchability as a social issue, Ambedkar understood caste as a political one

The impact of MK Gandhi’s principled resistance to BR Ambedkar’s political demand for separate electorates for the so-called depressed classes lives on.(HT image)
The impact of MK Gandhi’s principled resistance to BR Ambedkar’s political demand for separate electorates for the so-called depressed classes lives on.(HT image)
Updated on Oct 01, 2019 05:39 PM IST
Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By

A hyperlocal economic plan

The political consensus was that a newly independent India needed to rapidly industrialise if it was to hold its own in the world. Instead, Mahatma Gandhi offered a radically different economic path: one of local consumption; one where the charkha liberated Indians from poverty.

Gandhi argued for an India of household production for local consumption.
Gandhi argued for an India of household production for local consumption.
Updated on Oct 01, 2019 11:07 AM IST
Hindustan Times, New Delhi | ByNiranjan Rajadhyaksha

An experiment in Khadi, and Gandhi’s eastern base

History hangs thick in the air of the Gandhi ashram, as this place is known. A print of a letter written by Gandhi in December 1928 adorns the wall next to the bed.

A charkha used by Mahatma Gandhi on display at the Gandhi Bhavan (Hyderi Manzil) in Kolkata, where he spent 25 days, including Independence Day, in 1947.(Samir Jana/ht)
A charkha used by Mahatma Gandhi on display at the Gandhi Bhavan (Hyderi Manzil) in Kolkata, where he spent 25 days, including Independence Day, in 1947.(Samir Jana/ht)
Updated on Sep 30, 2019 01:02 PM IST
Hindustan Times | By

An archival treasure on Gandhi

Bolstered by his experience of ashram life in South Africa, Gandhi first set up an ashram in the Kochrab area of Ahmedabad, which he later shifted to its present site on the banks of the river Sabarmati.

Pratima behn, a communicator at the Sabarmati ashram, explains aspects of Gandhi’s life.(Raj K Raj/HT)
Pratima behn, a communicator at the Sabarmati ashram, explains aspects of Gandhi’s life.(Raj K Raj/HT)
Updated on Sep 30, 2019 01:09 PM IST
Hindustan Times | By

Champaran satyagraha turned into social reform

Gandhi established an ashram-school on land donated by a local priest, Baba Ram Narayan Das, which opened on November 20, 1917, a week after establishing a similar foundation school in Barharwa Lakhansen village 135 km away.

A view of Gandhi's ashram set up in 1917 at the time of the Champaran movement in Bhitiharwa.(Sanchit Khanna/HT)
A view of Gandhi's ashram set up in 1917 at the time of the Champaran movement in Bhitiharwa.(Sanchit Khanna/HT)
Updated on Sep 30, 2019 01:06 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByNeyaz Farooquee

1915-16: A tour of the homeland

In India, however, Gandhi was advised by his mentor Gopalkrishna Gokhale — a freedom fighter who belonged to the ilk of Moderates within the Congress — to tour India for a year before embarking upon any political work.

Updated on Sep 30, 2019 01:07 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByDhamini Ratnam

Growing up in Mahatma Gandhi’s Sevagram Ashram

In 1936, Gandhi decided to personally live and work in villages. He wanted to redirect the educated class in India towards villages.

The school started by MK Gandhi and operated by Anand Niketan at Sevagram Ashram Pratisthan in Wardha, Maharashtra.(Satish Bate/HT)
The school started by MK Gandhi and operated by Anand Niketan at Sevagram Ashram Pratisthan in Wardha, Maharashtra.(Satish Bate/HT)
Updated on Sep 30, 2019 01:08 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByAbhay Bang

The five Gandhis

One of the ways in which the Dravidian social reformer challenged Brahmanical domination in politics, education and administration in Tamil Nadu was to agitate against caste surnames.

Indian software developer and Cricketer Kaushik Gandhi poses for a picture at his residence in Chennai(Amal KS/ Hindustan Times)
Indian software developer and Cricketer Kaushik Gandhi poses for a picture at his residence in Chennai(Amal KS/ Hindustan Times)
Updated on Sep 30, 2019 01:11 PM IST
Hindustan Times | By

The Gandhian who brought the charkha to Nepal

Shrestha was born in Kathmandu in 1896. From an early age, he showed signs of being a social reformer. He became one of the leaders of the Satyacharan Malami Guthi that worked to end outdated death related rites and rituals in Nepal.

Tulsi Mehar Shrestha with Jawaharlal Nehru, Nepal.(by special arrangement)
Tulsi Mehar Shrestha with Jawaharlal Nehru, Nepal.(by special arrangement)
Updated on Nov 04, 2019 02:00 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByManjeev Singh Puri

Can Gandhi and Mao ever meet?

Gandhi, an apostle of non violence, and Mao, an unapologetic votary of armed revolution or people’s war. Gandhi, an ascetic who renunciated all state power, and Mao, the Great Helmsman, who exercised all power for 26 years.

Gandhi, 1940s; Revolutionary Chinese leader Mao Tse-Tung, 1949(national gandhi museum)
Gandhi, 1940s; Revolutionary Chinese leader Mao Tse-Tung, 1949(national gandhi museum)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:26 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByBaburam Bhattarai

Gandhi on trial in South Africa, again

The motion called for the removal of the bronze statue at Gandhi Square — sculpted by Tinka Christopher, it depicts Gandhi as a young activist lawyer in his legal gown — and the renaming of the site after Sophie de Bruyn, a well-known anti-apartheid activist.

The Gandhi statue in Johannesburg that political party Economic Freedom Fighters sought to remove.(András Osvát / Wikimedia Commons)
The Gandhi statue in Johannesburg that political party Economic Freedom Fighters sought to remove.(András Osvát / Wikimedia Commons)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:21 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByEric Itzkin

Learning to become a political activist

Much of the conversation that takes place in social media about Gandhi centres around his attitude towards black South Africans, his use of pejorative terms and his claim for better treatment for what he regarded as the more civilised Indians.

Gandhi recovering after being beaten up by a fellow Indian who felt that Gandhi had made a wrong compromise with South African officials, 1908(National Gandhi Museum)
Gandhi recovering after being beaten up by a fellow Indian who felt that Gandhi had made a wrong compromise with South African officials, 1908(National Gandhi Museum)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:11 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByUma Dhupelia Mesthrie

Gandhi Jayanti: The importance of constructive work

Gandhi was unique among anti-colonial leaders for his attention to both politics and social transformation.

A 1964 photohraph of Gandhi taken by Margaret Bourke White shows him reading clippings with a charkha in the foreground.(Photo courtesy: National Gandhi museum)
A 1964 photohraph of Gandhi taken by Margaret Bourke White shows him reading clippings with a charkha in the foreground.(Photo courtesy: National Gandhi museum)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:49 PM IST
ByVenu Madhav Govindu

The Mahatma’s Bengal connection

Bengalis have a complicated response to MK Gandhi. Some hold him responsible for the Partition; others question his treatment of Subhas Chandra Bose.

Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in Santiniketan in February 1940.(National Gandhi Museum)
Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in Santiniketan in February 1940.(National Gandhi Museum)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:37 PM IST

Gandhi’s four visits to Assam

Travelogue: The Mahatma sought to learn the state’s history. He also imparted lessons on political maturity.

Even before Gandhi arrived in Assam, his call for Non Cooperation had created havoc for the European tea planters.(Photo: National Gandhi Museum)
Even before Gandhi arrived in Assam, his call for Non Cooperation had created havoc for the European tea planters.(Photo: National Gandhi Museum)
Updated on Sep 27, 2019 11:07 PM IST
ByArupjyoti Saikia

A lesson in swaraj from informal women workers

Inspired by Gandhi and his ideas of swaraj, thousands of women have created small, medium and large membership-based organisations.

Mahatma Gandhi with Sabarmati ashramites.(Stock photo)
Mahatma Gandhi with Sabarmati ashramites.(Stock photo)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:30 PM IST
ByMirai Chatterjee

Many Gandhis on our screens

One of the earliest films on Gandhi was an American feature documentary, titled Mahatma Gandhi: 20th Century Prophet, made in 1953.

film director, Richard Attenborough, (left) and actor, Ben Kingsley, who played the Mahatma, on set, 1982.
film director, Richard Attenborough, (left) and actor, Ben Kingsley, who played the Mahatma, on set, 1982.
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 06:53 PM IST
Hindustan Times | ByRatnottama Sengupta

A young woman who played an aging Kasturba

Rohini Hattangadi played the character of Kasturba Gandhi in Richard Attenborough’s legendary 1982 film, Gandhi. Hattangadi revisits her memories of working in this iconic cinematic adaptation of his life.

Veteran actor Rohini Hattangadi at her residence in Mumbai.(Aalok Soni/HT Photo)
Veteran actor Rohini Hattangadi at her residence in Mumbai.(Aalok Soni/HT Photo)
Updated on Oct 01, 2020 07:06 PM IST
Hindustan Times | By

Champaran: India’s first Satyagraha

Gandhi’s swaraj meant self-sufficiency at the village level, dependent largely on agriculture. Today’s information age, however, offers new avenues and aspirations. Champaran and its surroundings remains a labour sink for the country and beyond.

An outside view of Bapudham Motihari Railway station, a historical place for the start of Satyagraha movement by Mahatma Gandhi, at Motihari, Bihar.(Photo by Sanchit Khanna / Hindustan Times)
An outside view of Bapudham Motihari Railway station, a historical place for the start of Satyagraha movement by Mahatma Gandhi, at Motihari, Bihar.(Photo by Sanchit Khanna / Hindustan Times)
Updated on Sep 25, 2019 09:58 PM IST
ByNeyaz Farooquee

A novel form of political protest

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi widened the meaning of satyagraha to indicate an ethical attitude to the business of life. He even set the criteria for self evaluation for those who wished to follow this path. But the Mahatma’s true genius lay in the way he projected values like truth and non violence to the realm of mass politics.

Days after breaking the Salt law on April 6, 1930, Gandhi toured the villages around Dandi and addressed gatherings, speaking about the importance of satyagraha, and the need for civil disobedience.(Alamy stock photo)
Days after breaking the Salt law on April 6, 1930, Gandhi toured the villages around Dandi and addressed gatherings, speaking about the importance of satyagraha, and the need for civil disobedience.(Alamy stock photo)
Updated on Sep 27, 2019 05:54 AM IST
ByVenu Madhav Govindu

Gandhi’s Bombay days in Mumbai

Bombay was where Gandhi made public speeches at mill compounds, where the supporters included elite families, shopkeepers, women and students.

Mahatma Gandhi at Juhu Beach, Bombay, May 1944 (Alamy Stock Photo)
Mahatma Gandhi at Juhu Beach, Bombay, May 1944 (Alamy Stock Photo)
Updated on Sep 22, 2019 08:11 AM IST
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