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Today in history: July 1, 2005

1858: Charles Darwin?s Theory of Evolution and the Principles of Natural Selection were presented to the Linnean Society in London. Also presented was a similar theory by Alfred Wallace.

india Updated: Sep 06, 2005 19:31 IST

• 1858: Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution and the Principles of Natural Selection were presented to the Linnean Society in London. Also presented was a similar theory by Alfred Wallace.

• 1872: Birth of Louis Bleriot, French aviator who became the first man to fly across the English Channel (on 25 July 1909 from Calais to Dover piloting his Blériot XI).

• 1909: Madan Lal Dhingra shot dead W Curzon Wyllie political adviser at the India Office at the Imperial Institute in London.

• 1916: Start of the first Battle of the Somme when the British launched a massive offensive against German forces in the Somme River region of France. By the end of the day, 20,000 British soldiers were dead and 40,000 wounded. It was the single heaviest day of casualties in British military history.

• 1944: The Bretton Woods Conference (officially the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference) met at Bretton Woods in New Hampshire. It was attended by 44 countries and laid the foundations of the post-war international system, including plans for the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It ended on July 22, 1944.

• 1955: The Imperial Bank of India (formed in 1921 by merging the Presidency banks of Bengal, Bombay and Madras) became the State Bank of India.

• 1961: Birth of Lady Diana, the late Princess of Wales. Also born on the same day was Carl Lewis, American track and field star who won eight Olympic gold medals during the 1980’s and 1990’s.

First Published: Sep 06, 2005 19:31 IST