In a cross-cultural analysis, found several factors may have played a role in building the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs, including temperature, hunting and surprisingly - gender.(ANI)
In a cross-cultural analysis, found several factors may have played a role in building the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs, including temperature, hunting and surprisingly - gender.(ANI)

Study suggests women influenced coevolution of dogs, humans

In a cross-cultural analysis, found several factors may have played a role in building the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs, including temperature, hunting and surprisingly - gender.
ANI
PUBLISHED ON JAN 25, 2021 05:11 PM IST

In a cross-cultural analysis, found several factors may have played a role in building the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs, including temperature, hunting and surprisingly - gender.

The findings of the novel study by Washington State University researchers was published in the Journal of Ethnobiology. It drops a hint that a man's best friend (dog) might actually belong to a woman.

"We found that dogs' relationships with women might have had a greater impact on the dog-human bond than relationships with men," said Jaime Chambers, a WSU anthropology Ph.D. student and first author.

"Humans were more likely to regard dogs as a type of person if the dogs had a special relationship with women. They were more likely to be included in family life, treated as subjects of affection and generally, people had greater regard for them."

While dogs are the oldest, most widespread domesticated animal, very few anthropologic studies have directly focused on the human relationship with canines. Yet when the WSU researchers searched the extensive collection of ethnographic documents in the Human Relations Area Files database, they found thousands of mentions of dogs.

Ultimately, they located data from more than 844 ethnographers writing on 144 traditional, subsistence-level societies from all over the globe. Looking at these cultures can provide insight into how the dog-human relationship developed, Chambers said.

"Our modern society is like a blip in the timeline of human history," she said.

"The truth is that human-dog relationships have not looked like they do in Western industrialized societies for most of human history, and looking at traditional societies can offer a wider vision."

The researchers noted specific instances that showed dogs' utility, or usefulness, to humans, and humans' utility to dogs as well as the "personhood" of dogs--when canines were treated like people, such as being given names, allowed to sleep in the same beds or mourned when they died.

A pattern emerged that showed when women were more involved with dogs, the humans' utility to dogs went up, as did the dogs' personhood.

Another prevalent trend involved the environment: the warmer the overall climate, the less useful dogs tended to be to humans.

"Relative to humans, dogs are really not particularly energy-efficient," said Robert Quinlan, WSU anthropology professor and corresponding author on the paper. "Their body temperature is higher than humans, and just a bit of exercise can make them overheat on a hot day. We saw this trend that they had less utility to humans in warmer environments."

Quinlan noted there were some exceptions to this with a few dog-loving cultures in the tropics, but it was a fairly consistent trend.

Hunting also seemed to strengthen the dog-human connection. In cultures that hunted with dogs, they were more valued by their human partners: they were higher in the measures of dogs' utility to humans and in personhood. Those values declined, however, when food production increased whether it was growing crops or keeping livestock. This finding seemed to go against the commonly held perception of herding dogs working in concert with humans, but Quinlan noted that in many cultures, herding dogs often work alone whereas hunting requires more intense cooperation.

This study adds evidence to the evolutionary theory that dogs and humans chose each other, rather than the older theory that humans intentionally sought out wolf pups to raise on their own. Either way, there have been clear benefits for the dogs, Chambers said.

"Dogs are everywhere humans are," she said.

"If we think that dogs are successful as a species if there are lots of them, then they have been able to thrive. They have hitched themselves to us and followed us all over the world. It's been a very successful relationship."

Follow more stories on Facebook and Twitter

This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text.

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Topics
Close
Vegetarian Paella(CookieAndKate)
Vegetarian Paella(CookieAndKate)

Try this Vegetarian Paella recipe and get a taste of Spain with a healthy twist

By hindustantimes.com, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 07, 2021 07:48 PM IST
Traditionally paella is made with meats, seafood, chorizo and other proteins, however this recipe is that of a vegetarian paella and skips out on meat completely making it perfect for those trying to cut down on meats, seafood and hoping to go for a healthy filling meal.
Close
Malala Yousufzai, Priyanka Chopra Jonas and Michelle Obama(Instagram)
Malala Yousufzai, Priyanka Chopra Jonas and Michelle Obama(Instagram)

International Women's Day 2021: Celebrating women who chose to challenge

ANI, New Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 07:28 PM IST
Women's Day 2021: From being an efficient homemaker to running a campaign, launching an initiative, reporting an achievement, and many more, women have proven their mettle in every sphere across the world.
Close
Hema Malini(Instagram)
Hema Malini(Instagram)

Women's Day 2021 | Men have equal role in women empowerment: Hema Malini

By hindustantimes.com, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 07, 2021 07:06 PM IST
Veteran Bollywood actor and BJP MP Hema Malini on Sunday said men have an equally significant role in promoting women empowerment on the eve of International Women's Day.
Close
Representational image(Unsplash)
Representational image(Unsplash)

Here's why individuals with higher income feel more proud and confident

ANI, Washington Dc
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:43 PM IST
People with higher incomes, in general, feel more proud, more confident and less apprehensive in comparison to those individuals who earn a lower income, although they may not feel more compassionate, caring, or cherishing, showed the findings of a recent study
Close
Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, arrive at the Endeavour Fund Awards in London, Britain, March 5, 2020. (REUTERS)
Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, arrive at the Endeavour Fund Awards in London, Britain, March 5, 2020. (REUTERS)

Prince Harry, Meghan Markle to delve into tough royal split with Oprah Winfrey

AP, Los Angeles
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:19 PM IST
The show, which includes Winfrey’s interviews with Meghan and Harry, will air first in the United States — Meghan’s home country — at 8 p.m. Eastern. Hours earlier, Harry’s grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, will deliver a royal address before Commonwealth Day.
Close
Sima Taparia, who was recently in Delhi to attend an event says she likes to shop in South Extension market.
Sima Taparia, who was recently in Delhi to attend an event says she likes to shop in South Extension market.

Indian matchmaker Sima Taparia: Compromise se duniya successfully chalegi!

By Aprajita Sharad, New Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 06, 2021 02:20 PM IST
Affectionately referred to as Sima aunty by Gen Z and millennials, Taparia gives some advise for modern day relationships and marriages.
Close
Women's Day: Reese Witherspoon shares this ‘illuminating’ book as her March pick(Instagram/reesewitherspoon)
Women's Day: Reese Witherspoon shares this ‘illuminating’ book as her March pick(Instagram/reesewitherspoon)

Women's Day: Reese Witherspoon shares this ‘illuminating’ book as her March pick

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 06, 2021 01:03 PM IST
  • Ahead of Women’s Day 2021, Hollywood actor Reese Witherspoon shares an ‘exceptionally powerful and illuminating’ book as her March pick after launching a free app for her book club which celebrates ‘diverse voices that put women at the center of their stories’
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Women's Day | Freedom is being bold: Hopeful voices of women around the world

Reuters
PUBLISHED ON MAR 05, 2021 02:12 PM IST
Women's Day 2021: Started as a way to call attention to the need for equal rights and promote women's suffrage, this year's celebration has the theme "Choose to Challenge".
Close
Ankita Konwar talks about self love in new post(Instagram/ankita_earthy)
Ankita Konwar talks about self love in new post(Instagram/ankita_earthy)

Ankita says love everything without forgetting to love yourself, Milind agrees

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 05, 2021 01:31 PM IST
  • Ankita Konwar recently took to Instagram and reminded her fans to love themselves. She also spoke about the simple changes that she has made, in an attempt to live a more sustainable life, which have made a large difference.
Close
Malaysian artist Wani Ardy poses for a picture after an interview with Reuters, in Shah Alam, Malaysia March 2, 2021. Picture taken March 2, 2021. (REUTERS)
Malaysian artist Wani Ardy poses for a picture after an interview with Reuters, in Shah Alam, Malaysia March 2, 2021. Picture taken March 2, 2021. (REUTERS)

Born without a womb, Malaysia artist Wani Ardy sparks sexual health conversation

Reuters, Kuala Lumpur
PUBLISHED ON MAR 04, 2021 04:20 PM IST
It wasn't until her 20s that Wani finally learned that her rare condition had a name - Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) - when internal sex organs such as the womb or the vagina are either absent or underdeveloped at birth.
Close
There is a critical need for housing for older LGBT+ people, said Anna Kear, chief executive of Tonic Housing, as many say it would be "terrifying" to live in a predominantly straight home where other residents did not accept them.(Unsplash)
There is a critical need for housing for older LGBT+ people, said Anna Kear, chief executive of Tonic Housing, as many say it would be "terrifying" to live in a predominantly straight home where other residents did not accept them.(Unsplash)

UK to open first LGBT+ retirement home as market grows

Reuters, London
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 01:12 PM IST
Britain's first LGBT+ retirement home is set to open in mid-2021, the housing association behind the London riverside apartments said on Tuesday, highlighting a growing market of older people who do not want to be forced back in the closet.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Be happy with self

By Prerna Gauba
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 03:12 PM IST
Recently Japan appointed a Minister of Loneliness, which made it clear how loneliness has become a global issue.
Close
Screengrab of the game
Screengrab of the game

Harry Potter game features trans characters after Rowling's transphobic comments

Bloomberg
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 10:58 AM IST
The next Harry Potter video game will allow players to customize their character’s voice, body type and gender placement for the school dormitories, taking a stride toward inclusivity after several recent controversies stemming from comments by series creator J.K. Rowling that were seen as transphobic.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Warmer tone in college syllabi makes students more likely to ask for help: Study

ANI, Oregon
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 08:35 AM IST
Conversely, when a syllabus is written in a more cold, detached tone, students are less likely to reach out.
Close
Representational Image(Unsplash)
Representational Image(Unsplash)

Layperson can reduce pregnant women's depression as well as a professional

ANI
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 08:33 AM IST
One in five women will develop postpartum depression, and both mother and child are adversely affected by postpartum depression.
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP