Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Birth Anniversary: Bose is credited with the very famous slogan, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!” as well as “Jai Hind. ”(Instagram/ brut.india)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Birth Anniversary: Bose is credited with the very famous slogan, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!” as well as “Jai Hind. ”(Instagram/ brut.india)

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Birth Anniversary: History and significance

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Birth Anniversary: On the occasion of the 124th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, we will look back on his life and all that he accomplished as one of the most celebrated young freedom fighters of India.
By Asheeza Baig | Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON JAN 22, 2020 03:48 PM IST

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) is one of the most celebrated freedom fighters of India. In 1942, he earned the honorific title ‘Netaji’ (meaning “Respected Leader” in Hindi), in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj or the Indian National Army and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin. Netaji’s death is one of the most discussed and mysterious deaths in India, which has led to theories and conspiracies regarding his possible survival after his disappearance in 1945.

On the occasion of the 124th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, we will look back on his life and all that he accomplished as one of the most celebrated young freedom fighters of India.

Subhas Chandra Bosewas born on 23 January, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, an advocate. He belonged to a well to do family and was the ninth of 14 children. Bose studied at Presidency College, Calcutta where he was later expelled for attacking a professor making racist remarks towards Indians. He then joined the Scottish Church College and earned his B.A in Philosophy. In 1919, under pressure from his father, Bose headed to London to give the Indian Civil Services (ICS) examination; he came fourth and was selected. Bose, however, resigned from Civil Services as he believed he could not side with the British.

Also read: 10 memorable sayings by AA Milne who gave us Winnie The Pooh

In 1921, Bose worked under Chittaranjan Das, a powerful politician in Bengal. He worked as the editor for Das’s newspaper, Forward, and later started his own newspaper, Swaraj. In 1923, Bose was elected the President of the All India Youth Congress and also the Secretary of Bengal State Congress. He also served as the Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation, with Das as mayor of Calcutta. He was regarded as a vigilant and charismatic youth icon in the Indian National Congress. Bose was arrested countless times, and deported to Burma (Myanmar) in 1925 because he was suspected of connections with secret revolutionary movements. During the mid-1930s Bose travelled in Europe, visiting Indian students and European politicians, including Benito Mussolini. He observed party organisation and saw communism and fascism in action. In this period, he researched and wrote the first part of his book The Indian Struggle, which covered the country’s independence movement in the years 1920–1934.

When Bose returned to India, he took over as the elected President of Congress in 1938; he stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance) and the use of force against the British which then combated against Mahatma Gandhi and his views. Bose soon resigned from the presidency and formed the All India Forward Bloc, a faction within the Indian National Congress. He aimed at consolidating the political left, but was arrested again, and released following a seven-day hunger strike. Bose’s house in Calcutta was kept under surveillance by the CID.

In 1941, during his house arrest, Bose set the scene for his escape to Nazi Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union. In Germany, in the Special Bureau for India under Adam von Trott zu Solz, Bose formed the Azad Hind Radio. He and other Indians who had gathered in Berlin made regular broadcasts from the Azad Hind Radio beginning in January 1942, speaking in English, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, and Pashto. In 1943, Bose travelled to Tokyo, Japan via submarines and took leadership of the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia and proceeded, with Japanese aid and influence, to form a trained army of about 40,000 troops in Japanese-occupied Southeast Asia known as the Indian National Army.

The INA was first formed under Mohan Singh and Japanese Major Iwaichi Fujiwara, and comprised Indian prisoners of war of the British-Indian Army captured by Japan in the Malayan (present-day Malaysia) campaign and at Singapore. The army was declared to be the army of Bose’s Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (the Provisional Government of Free India). Under Bose’s leadership, the INA drew ex-prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya and Burma.

In 1943, the troops of the INA were under the aegis of a provisional government, the Azad Hind Government, which came to produce its own currency, postage stamps, court and civil code, and was recognised by nine Axis states. Bose advanced to Rangoon, Myanmar after the capture of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, to make his way into India through Kohima and the plains of Imphal. In 1995, The British Indian Army retaliated to the capture of Manipur, Kohima and Imphal by killing almost half of the Japanese forces and the entire participating INA contingent.

The INA was driven down the Malay Peninsula and surrendered with the recapture of Singapore. Bose escaped to Manchuria with a view to seeking a future in the Soviet Union which he believed to be turning anti-British. He is said to have died from third-degree burns when his plane crashed in Taiwan on 18th August 1945. However, there was a theory according to which some people did not believe that the crash had occurred, and thought that Bose would return to gain India’s independence.

Bose is credited with the very famous slogan, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!” as well as “Jai Hind. ” He is also credited to be the first man to call Mahatma Gandhi “Father of the Nation”, in his address from Singapore, when he also asked for his blessings and good wishes for the war he was fighting. Bose’s ashes are stored in the Renkōji Temple, in Tokyo. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose will always be remembered for his sacrifices he made.

Follow more stories on Facebook and Twitter

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close
What’s in store for Aries, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio and other zodiac signs.
What’s in store for Aries, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio and other zodiac signs.

Horoscope Today: Astrological prediction for March 4

By Dr Prem Kumar Sharma, Manisha Koushik, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 04, 2021 12:10 AM IST
Daily horoscope: Are the stars lined up in your favour? Find out the astrological prediction for Aries, Leo, Virgo, Libra and other zodiac signs for March 4.
Close
Recipe: Believe in plant-based eating? Try your hands on this easy burrito(Instagram/plantbasedonabudget)
Recipe: Believe in plant-based eating? Try your hands on this easy burrito(Instagram/plantbasedonabudget)

Recipe: Believe in plant-based eating? Try your hands on this easy burrito

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 08:44 PM IST
  • Whether you like your beans spicy or prefer skipping them and using plain canned ones, the goal is to create a quality burrito that is made from the scratch and you can try this simple recipe too if you are craving some Mexican food tonight
Close
Anamika Khanna to open LFW, FDCI's joint fashion week with 'Timeless the World'(Twitter/IActresses/fdciofficial)
Anamika Khanna to open LFW, FDCI's joint fashion week with 'Timeless the World'(Twitter/IActresses/fdciofficial)

Anamika Khanna to open LFW, FDCI's joint fashion week with 'Timeless the World'

PTI
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 08:25 PM IST
Scheduled to be held from March 16 to 21, the opening show of Lakme Fashion Week and Fashion Design Council of India will be marked by Anamika Khanna presenting her collection 'Timeless the World'
Close
Gout drug to be tested as potential Covid-19 treatment by second UK study(Photo by Daniel Schludi on Unsplash)
Gout drug to be tested as potential Covid-19 treatment by second UK study(Photo by Daniel Schludi on Unsplash)

Gout drug to be tested as potential Covid-19 treatment by second UK study

Reuters
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 08:11 PM IST
After a UK study dubbed Recovery, another study in Britain to test gout medication colchicine as potential Covid-19 treatment
Close
Chinese delegates to propose vaccine passports to boost international tourism(Twitter/IBCIG)
Chinese delegates to propose vaccine passports to boost international tourism(Twitter/IBCIG)

Chinese delegates to propose vaccine passports to boost international tourism

Reuters
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 07:59 PM IST
According to Zhu Zhengfu, a member of the national committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the international arrivals could be exempted from quarantine requirements if they have a negative nucleic acid test and a vaccine passport.
Close
Tourism body urges Goa government to allow chartered flights from 'safe' places(Photo by Sarang Pande on Unsplash)
Tourism body urges Goa government to allow chartered flights from 'safe' places(Photo by Sarang Pande on Unsplash)

Tourism body urges Goa government to allow chartered flights from 'safe' places

PTI
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 07:46 PM IST
While suspension of international commercial passenger flight services have been extended till March 31, tourism body in Goa suggests government to form travel bubbles with Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, other CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries, the UK, Poland and Finland
Close
Sara Ali Khan(Instagram)
Sara Ali Khan(Instagram)

Sara Ali Khan gives fans daily dose of vitamin sea in orange bikini

By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Alfea Jamal, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 07:28 PM IST
Sara Ali Khan took to her Instagram to show off her bikini ready body in an orange two piece that she wore with a cream knit shrug with tassles.
Close
Janhvi Kapoor in Nadiyon Paar from Roohi(Instagram)
Janhvi Kapoor in Nadiyon Paar from Roohi(Instagram)

Janhvi Kapoor stuns in golden Manish Malhotra ensemble in Roohi's Nadiyon Paar

By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Alfea Jamal, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 06:42 PM IST
Janhvi Kapoor took to her Instagram and thanked designer Manish Malhotra for the stunning outfit she donned for Roohi's latest musical offering, Nadiyon Paar.
Close
The results of the review were published in the Journal of Osteopathic Medicine.(Unsplash)
The results of the review were published in the Journal of Osteopathic Medicine.(Unsplash)

Aggressive intervention recommended to prevent pediatric diabetes, finds study

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 06:38 PM IST
Type 2 diabetes, once considered an adult disease, is increasingly causing health complications among American youth. A research review suggests physicians should work to more aggressively prevent pediatric diabetes.
Close
Seropositivity is an indicator of the presence of the virus in the serum, or evidence of previous exposure to it.(Pixabay)
Seropositivity is an indicator of the presence of the virus in the serum, or evidence of previous exposure to it.(Pixabay)

Covid-19 recovered people show faster antibody response to Covishield vaccine

PTI, New Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 06:30 PM IST
Those who have recovered from Covid-19 respond faster to the Covishield vaccine and reach high antibody levels, says a study, leading to hopes that they may not need a second dose and therefore help widen India’s corona immunisation cover.
Close
"There is increasing evidence that diet plays a major role in improving mental health, but everyone is talking about a healthy diet," said Begdache. (Unsplash)
"There is increasing evidence that diet plays a major role in improving mental health, but everyone is talking about a healthy diet," said Begdache. (Unsplash)

Custom diet, lifestyle changes key to optimising mental health: Study

ANI, New York [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 06:18 PM IST
While a balanced diet is advisable to provide the body all the essential nutrients, customized diets and lifestyle changes could be key to optimising mental health.
Close
This image provided by Megan Telfer shows the wide selection of antique Pyrex dishes she displays at her Texas home. Telfer has more than 300 pieces of vintage Pyrex, displayed on three large bookcases. Telfer's 5-year-old daughter has some vintage Pyrex, too. "We don't use 90 percent of it," Telfer said. "I display it." (AP)
This image provided by Megan Telfer shows the wide selection of antique Pyrex dishes she displays at her Texas home. Telfer has more than 300 pieces of vintage Pyrex, displayed on three large bookcases. Telfer's 5-year-old daughter has some vintage Pyrex, too. "We don't use 90 percent of it," Telfer said. "I display it." (AP)

Pyrex and Pink Daisies: Midcentury vintage cookware is back in style

AP, New York
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 06:15 PM IST
Vintage kitchenware is back in style -– pieces from the mid-20th century painted with flowers, bright colors, and specific functions, such as bracketed chip and dip bowls or four-piece refrigerator storage sets.
Close
This discovery, published today in Aquatic Toxicology, mirrors similar findings in other creatures, including humans.(Unsplash)
This discovery, published today in Aquatic Toxicology, mirrors similar findings in other creatures, including humans.(Unsplash)

Study discusses effect of pollutants on fertility

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 06:12 PM IST
Researchers have found that shrimp-like creatures on the South Coast of England have 70 per cent less sperm than any other lesser polluted location in the world. Individuals who lived in the survey area were 6 times less fertile, in comparison to those living in cleaner waters.
Close
Annie McNamara, left, and Sullivan Jones wear costumes designed by Dede Ayite during a performance of "Slave Play" in New York. Ayite has earned two 2021 Tony Award nominations for costume design, one for "Slave Play" and another for “A Soldier's Story.” (Matthew Murphy/DKC O&M Co. via AP)(AP)
Annie McNamara, left, and Sullivan Jones wear costumes designed by Dede Ayite during a performance of "Slave Play" in New York. Ayite has earned two 2021 Tony Award nominations for costume design, one for "Slave Play" and another for “A Soldier's Story.” (Matthew Murphy/DKC O&M Co. via AP)(AP)

Tonywatch: Dede Ayite's costumes always 'build up layers'

AP, New York
PUBLISHED ON MAR 03, 2021 05:56 PM IST
For “A Soldier's Play,” which explores racism within a Black U.S. Army unit, Ayite created special padding in the elbows and knees for actor David Alan Grier, who was frequently pummeled onstage. The soldiers' boots had to look broken in so she handed them out at the beginning of rehearsals.
Close
Erica Fernandes looks dreamy in powder blue bodysuit, acid wash bustier-skirt(Instagram/iam_ejf)
Erica Fernandes looks dreamy in powder blue bodysuit, acid wash bustier-skirt(Instagram/iam_ejf)

Erica Fernandes looks dreamy in powder blue bodysuit, acid wash bustier-skirt

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 03, 2021 05:59 PM IST
  • Erica Fernandes has been serving one steamy look after another during her stay at the Maldives, be it in a powder blue bodysuit or acid wash bustier-skirt and fashionistas can’t help but take notes to slay at the next beach vacation
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP