Migration to Pune sees 2 per cent dip for the first time
The Pune Municipal Corporation’s (PMC) environment status report (ESR) 2017-18, t throws light on reducing human population migrating to Pune every five years. Between 2001 and 2006, the rate of migration of people coming to Pune either for job or education was 12 per cent. The figure remained the same for the next five years, till 2011. However, for the first time, the numbers fell by two per cent for the 2011-16 period.Updated: Jul 28, 2018 16:56 IST
The city, considered to be one of the growing IT hubs of India, seems to be losing its sheen. According to the Pune Municipal Corporation’s (PMC) environment status report (ESR) 2017-18, the percentage of human population migrating to Pune has reduced by two per cent in the last seven years and is likely to dip further.
The report throws light on reducing human population migrating to Pune every five years. Between 2001 and 2006, the rate of migration of people coming to Pune either for job or education was 12 per cent. The figure remained the same for the next five years, till 2011. However, for the first time, the numbers fell by two per cent for the 2011-16 period.
Experts predict the downslide in percentage will be observed in future five-year period too. They foresee the same percentage — 10 per cent — for the next three years (2019 to 2021), and cite a further drop to eight per cent for the 2021 to 2026 period.
Anant Sardeshmukh, director general and member of the board of Mahratta Chamber of Commerce Industries and Agriculture (MCCIA), point out drop in employment in IT sector as one of the factors and underlined the need for more analysis of the data of ESR released by the civic body.
“There are numerous factors involved in reduction of migrating population. The percentage of student population should also be counted. The sector comprising unorganised and unskilled labour is often not considered,” he said.
Sardeshmukh said that even the fall in employment opportunities should be closely observed as it might be because of the internal manpower shifting according to the requirement of any particular project. The drop is not observed in manufacturing industry where employment is more of less stagnant for various reasons.
Prabhakar Desai, head, students’ welfare board at Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), said, “A number of factors should be considered before reaching to a conclusion that student influx in the city has dipped. Although this year we have seen a slight reduction, around 5 to 10 per cent, in the total population of students coming into the university and affiliated colleges, there could be several reasons for this change. The reduction has been seen in the number of students coming in from rural areas, possibly because of a number of good institutes opening in those areas. Another reason could be the saturation of engineering courses. As a chunk of students in the city used to come for engineering courses only, the reducing employment opportunities in the sector might have served as a deterrent to the influx. Also, in such surveys, only the prominent and mainstream institutes are included in the calculation, which leaves out a population of students who are coming here for off-beat courses as well.”
Experts cite that the earlier trend of the city to attract people determined by its ability to provide quality education, sustain businesses and jobs that they create, besides offering better life conditions appears to be going in the reverse direction now.