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China worst abuser of internet freedom; Pakistan in top 10: Report

Myanmar, Belarus, and Uganda witnessed the greatest deteriorations in internet freedom amid electoral and constitutional crises, according to Freedom House report.
China remained the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom for the seventh consecutive year.(Reuters)
Published on Sep 22, 2021 09:04 PM IST
By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Kunal Gaurav, Hindustan Times, New Delhi

China and Pakistan are among the bottom 10 countries on the global rankings on internet freedom released by an international freedom advocacy group. Washington-based Freedom House has published a report titled "Freedom on the Net 2021: The Global Drive to Control Big Tech" which claimed global internet freedom declined for the 11th consecutive year.

Myanmar, Belarus, and Uganda witnessed the greatest deteriorations in internet freedom amid electoral and constitutional crises. Myanmar reported a massive 14-point decline, the largest since the group started the documentation project. Myanmar’s military recently captured power in a coup and frequently shut down the internet to crackdown on pro-democracy protesters.

On the other hand, Iceland, Canada and Germany were among the top 10 countries with greater internet freedom.

The report has measured the level of internet freedom for 70 countries and assigns them numerical scores ranging from 100 (the freest nation) to zero (the least free). The report determines the level of internet freedom by examining three broad categories: obstacles to access; limits on content; and violations of user rights.

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Countries with scores between 70 to 100 are designated as ‘Free’ on internet freedom status while those with points between 40 to 69 are designated as ‘Partly-free’. Countries scoring less than 39 are designated as ‘Not free’.

China remained the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom for the seventh consecutive year and failed to score a single point in the ‘violation of user rights’ category. “The ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is tightening its control over the state bureaucracy, the media, online speech, religious groups, universities, businesses, and civil society associations, and it has undermined its own already modest rule-of-law reforms,” the report says.

Here’s the list of the top 10 countries with the highest level of internet freedom:

  • Iceland
  • Estonia
  • Canada
  • Costa Rica
  • Taiwan
  • Germany
  • France
  • UK
  • Georgia
  • Japan

Here’s the list of the top 10 countries with the lowest level of internet freedom:

  • China
  • Iran
  • Myanmar
  • Cuba
  • Vietnam
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Pakistan
  • Egypt
  • UAE
  • Ethiopia

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