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Battle of the armies: How India, Pakistan fare against each other in numbers

With the situation across the Line of Control remaining volatile, both India and Pakistan are bracing for the offensive.

India's Pakistan offensive Updated: Oct 05, 2016 17:33 IST
Rahul Singh
Indian army

Border Security Force (BSF) soldiers stand guard at an outpost along a fence at the India-Pakistan border in RS Pora south-west of Jammu on October 2, 2016. (AFP Photo)

Pakistan’s saber-rattling at the Line of Control after the September 29 surgical strikes by India’s special forces is unlikely to stop anytime soon.

The 2003 ceasefire has collapsed with shelling and heavy gunfire rapidly spreading along the LoC.

On Tuesday, Indian Air Force chief Arup Raha said that things were “live” at the de facto border. Senior army officers said Pakistan is likely to up the ante in the LoC fighting and Indian soldiers have orders to retaliate with lethal force.

Amid rising tensions with Pakistan, a head-to-head comparison of the two militaries captures the edge India has.

1) Fighter planes

Indian Air Force has a fleet of more than 600 fighter jets, including Sukhoi-30s, Mirage-2000s, Jaguars and MiG variants. Rafale jets on order.

Pakistan air force’s combat squadrons account for 500-plus aircraft including F-16s, two Mirage variants and the new JF-17s.

2) Missile reach

With the Agni-V, India can deliver nuclear warheads at ranges of over 5,000 km.

The Shaheen-III ballistic missile in the Pakistani arsenal can strike targets 2,750 km away.

3) Underwater warfare

Indian Navy has a fleet of 13 boats of Russian/German origin and one nuclear-powered attack submarine leased from Russia. Arihant, a nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, is under trials. Six Scorpene are submarines under construction.

Pakistan operates five French-origin Agosta submarines.

4) Tanks

The Indian Army has close to 4,000 tanks and the fleet is a mix of Russian-origin T-90s, older T-72s and the indigenous Arjun tanks.

The Pakistan army’s tank count stands at around 2,000 with Al-Khalid, Al-Zarrar and T-80UDs accounting for the bulk of the armoured fleet.

5) Nuclear warheads

India: 100-120

Pakistan: 110-130

6) Aircraft carriers

India operates INS Vikramaditya with Mig-29K fighter planes and Vikrant is under construction at Kochi. A third carrier, Vishal, is also planned.

Pakistan navy doesn’t have an aircraft carrier.

7) Armed forces strength

India: 1.4 million

Pakistan: 600,000

8) Defence budget

India: $39 billion

Pakistan: $8 billion

For more stories on the India-Pakistan tensions, click here