One year on, many projects of PM Modi’s Smart City initiative still in pipeline
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 14 projects in Pune on June 25, 2016 under the Smart City plan, many of which have been completed but various other projects are still in the pipelinepune Updated: Jul 04, 2017 12:55 IST
It will be a year since the ambitious plan of making Pune a smart city was implemented. In the first round of the smart city mission, 20 cities were selected with Pune being part of this programme. The city administration has completed various projects listed under the scheme but has many projects in the pipeline.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 14 projects under the smart city plan of Pune from the Shiv Chhatrapati sports complex. It was also for the first time that the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) issued bonds for a development project. As per PMC estimates, the water supply project is expected to be put into action over the next five years at a cost of ₹2,800 crore and will ensure that every household in the city has uninterrupted water supply.
Under the smart city mission, the Smart City Development Corporation Limited (SCDCL) has already commissioned the transportation command and control centre and launched the mobility integration card, India’s first ‘Interoperable Smart Card’ which is designed to be a single payment card for various transport modes across the city. Around 1,750 busses have been fitted with a GPS tracking system. A pilot vehicle health monitoring system is operational on 30 buses, and another important project is the street and pedestrian walkway in Aundh.
The SCDCL has also tied up with various government, trade bodies and science and research organisations to bring the best available knowledge to Pune. Various memorandum of understanding (MOUs) have been signed with the government of Britain, the US Treasury, ISRO and UN Global Compact, and European Business and Technology Centre (EBTC).
They are also looking at several alternatives including public private partnerships which will account for about ₹10,500 crores of the total capex (capital expenditure) and over ₹8,000 crore from various central and state government schemes.
- Common mobility card Mobility Integration (MI)’—has been launched to enable cash free payments on public transport systems.
- Passenger Information System Pune will improve bus services through Intelligent Traffic Management System (ITMS) and real-time tracking of all its buses. A central control centre will monitor driving quality of bus drivers and services offered at all levels. The city has also embarked on developing websites, mobile apps and passenger information systems to give commuters critical information like expected time of arrival of buses and schedules.
- Central command and control centre It includes intelligent lighting systems, pay and use parking systems, city guide map available through web browser, intelligent transport system, city level Wifi touch screens across the city, display boards in the city for providing real time information, emergency alert and crisis response systems, traffic re-routing applications based on real time traffic data.
- Grievance redressal cell Pune Municipal Corporation upgraded the citizen help-desk mechanism to provide support and guidance for day-to-day services related to the Pune Municipal Corporation departments/wards. PMC has also set up 10+ channels like web, mobile app, Twitter, Facebook, Google+, WhatsApp and SMS - to entertain citizen grievances. The dedicated cell has been established by the Pune Municipal Corporation to monitor citizen issues over specified channels and resolve it on priority.
- GPS in garbage vehicles MoVe (Monitoring of Garbage Vehicle Tracking System) under the Smart City mission has been initiated. The aim of this project is related to solid waste management under the Swachh Bharat Mission and development of open and green spaces. To provide better facilities and services for citizens, the PMC is using new technology. The main purpose is managing solid waste through various technologies like GPS Vehicle Tracking System, Ultra high frequency (UHF) Radio frequency identification reader (RFID) Readers, Internet of things (IOT) sensors along with innovative mobile and web based application to improve and smoothen ground level mechanism for waste collection and re-cycling of waste.
- Lighthouse project The project aims at addressing the issues of livelihood generation, by establishing centres known as lighthouses. These centres are providing the underprivileged youth of Pune a chance to explore possibilities to enhance their skills and pursue a meaningful career. Eventually, each of the 15 ward offices will have a centre. The first lighthouse is located in Aundh.
- Pedestrian and bicycle lanes in Aundh Adequate pedestrian space and demarcated bicycle lanes are present. The street will have demarcated zones for commercial activities, pedestrians, bicycles and vehicles, to ensure a sustainable mobile ecosystem is created.
- Traffic mobility plan This will be used to gather data on people’s movements and then research and create a better traffic mobility plan.
- Quantified city movement The Quantified Cities Movement (QCM), pioneered and owned by the Centre for Development Studies and Activities (CDSA), Pune, aims to improve urban planning and create resilient cities by building transparency and accountability through facilitating all citizens to participate in the process of decision making at the local level. This process will target achieving the goal of sustainable urban development by promoting resilience activities and increasing local level understanding of urban stresses and disaster risk through the prism of urban planning with a focus on participation of all citizens.
- Alternative fuel for buses Ethanol powered bus is a first step towards developing an environmentally sustainable public transport system in India, which is in the process of rapid urbanisation. This clean and green renewable fuel, together with safe and smart mobility solutions, play a major role in India’s Smart City mission and help in reducing emissions but also create value from waste.
- Maximum solar power Substantially increase the use of solar power, especially Rooftop Solar PV (RTPV) within the city. Pune can significantly contribute towards the overall national goal of 100 GW of solar power by 2022 from current its current 6 GW capacity.
- Plastic bottle recycling Aundh has the first plastic bottle recycling unit. Residents can drop their plastic bottles at this recycling unit for processing, however, these units would not process plastic of microns lesser than a certain limit.
- River front beautification Creating recreational areas and other beautification work to keep the riverfront clean and free of encroachment.
For this project to continue well, loans from multilateral and bilateral funding agencies is also required. According to officials, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is already funding our national river conservation project.
Besides there are several projects underway that were launched in Pune including solid waste management projects under the Swachh Bharat Mission, water supply projects, sewage treatment plants and development of open and green spaces under the Atal mission for rejuvenation and urban transformation (AMRUT), housing projects for the urban poor under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and area development and technology based pan-city solutions. All projects are set up with the objective of convergence in implementation of new urban missions.
Under ‘Make Your City SMART’ project, citizens were involved in designing roads, junctions, parks. Suggestions and designs by the citizens were incorporated in the projects. The current pilot model is being tried in Aundh.