Alter lifestyle, bid adieu to diabetes
A 28.5 per cent reduction of risk of diabetes could be achieved just by lifestyle modification, says a study.india Updated: Jan 18, 2006 20:52 IST
A 28.5 per cent reduction of risk of diabetes could be achieved just by lifestyle modification (LSM), including diet control and exercise, according to a study conducted for a little over three years from March 2001 in Chennai metropolitan area.
The study, which covered nearly 11,000 men and women in big establishments like Railways and the IIT in the city, also showed that a 26.4 per cent reduction was possible by the use of a pharmacological agent, metformin. A combination of LSM and metformin had given a comparable 28.2 per cent reduction in risk, well-known diabetologist and director of M V Hospital for Diabetes Research Centre, Royapuram, told a news conference here this evening.
He said all of them were given glucose and blood sugar measurements were made two hours later on a two-step process. After this, 531 persons were identified and followed up for the next three years, which gave these results.
This was the first study on prevention of diabetes in this part of the world and was the largest prospective controlled study done in the field of diabetes in South East Asia, he said, adding that the results had established that lifestyle modification and exercise was equally effective as medication in reducing the risk of diabetes.
"This is the most practical and cost effective approach to reduce the burden of diabetes and its complications in a resource-strapped developing country like India', Dr Ramachandran pointed out.