2G spectrum allocation scam: A timeline of how the case progressed
A special court pronounced its final verdict on December 21 in the 2G spectrum allocation scam, acquitting former telecom minister A Raja, DMK Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi and others facing prosecution.Updated: Dec 21, 2017 10:59 IST
Hindustan Times, New Delhi
A special court acquitted on Thursday all accused in the 2G spectrum allocation scam cases on Thursday, deciding the fate of former telecom minister A Raja and DMK MP Kanimozhi among others.
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Special CBI judge O P Saini gave judgements in separate cases lodged by the CBI and ED in the infamous scam that rocked the UPA government.
The scam relates to the granting of 2G spectrum licence allocations in 2007-08 which caused, according to a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, a loss of Rs 1.76 lakh crore.
Here is a detailed timeline of how the case came to light and how it has progressed over the years:
September 24, 2007: Department of Telecom (DoT) issues a press statement, giving companies a week’s time to apply for mobile phone licences. This sets off a mad scramble among prospective applicants
October 1, 2007: As many as 575 applications received as little-known firms jostle with each other to get a slice of India’s booming telecom pie
January 7, 2008: DoT adds a twist to the first-come first- served policy, says those who applied on September 25, 2007, would be eligible for licence and spectrum
January 10, 2008: DoT gives applicants 45 minutes to get a bank draft issued and delivered at Sanchar Bhawan. In all, 122 telecom licences are issued
November 10, 2010: CAG submits report on the 2G spectrum to the government, noting notional loss of R1.76 lakh crore to the exchequer.
November 14, 2010: A Raja resigns as telecom minister
February 2, 2011: CBI arrests Raja for his alleged involvement in the scam
February 17, 2011: Raja sent to Tihar Jail under judicial custody.
March 14, 2011: The Delhi High Court sets up special court to deal exclusively with 2G cases.
April 2, 2011: CBI files its first chargesheet.
April 25, 2011: CBI files second chargesheet and court issues summons to DMK chief M Karunanidhi’s daughter Kanimozhi, Managing Director of Kalaignar TV Sharad Kumar (Kanimozhi and her mother have major stakes in the channel) and Cineyug Films’ director Karim Morani taking congizance of the chargesheet.
May 20, 2011: K Kanimozhi, MP and daughter of DMK patriarch M Karunanidhi, arrested in connection with the 2G scam
June 20, 2011: Supreme Court rejects Kanimozhi’s bail plea.
July 25, 2011: Arguments on charges begin.
October 9, 2011: CBI files FIR against another DMK leader and former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran and his brother.
October 22, 2011: Court put on trial all 17 accused.
November 3, 2011: Trial court rejects bail plea of Kanimozhi and seven others.
November 5, 2011: Kanimozhi and others moves bail in Delhi High Court.
November 23, 2011: Supreme Court grants bail to five telecom executives - Unitech Wireless’ former MD Sanjay Chandra, Swan Telecom’s Director Vinod Goenka and Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group’s executives Hari Nair, Gautam Doshi and Surendra Pipara. They were charged with criminal conspiracy cause criminal breach of trust by a public servant.
November 29, 2011: Delhi High Court grants bail to Kanimozhi.
January 7, 2012: Mr Swamy submits certified copies of documents and concludes his arguments. Court lists Swamy’s application for arguements on January 21.
January 21, 2012: Delhi court reserves its order for February 4 on Janata Party chief Subramanian Swamy’s plea seeking prosecution of Union Home Minister P Chidambaram in the 2G scam case.
February 2, 2012: The Supreme Court cancels 122 telecom licences allocated to nine companies. Court also says natural resources cannot be allocated on first-come-first-served basis
April 12, 2012: Government moves presidential reference with eight questions, including ones on judicial interference in policy matters and auction being the only mode of allocation
May 9, 2012: Supreme Court grants bail to former telecom secretary Siddharth Behura. Within an hour, A Raja applies for bail.
May 11, 2012: Special CBI judge OP Saini reserves order on A Raja’s bail plea
May 11, 2012: The government withdraws review petition in 2G case, preferring to go ahead with the presidential reference
May 15, 2012: CBI special court grants bail to A Raja
July 10, 2012: SC starts hearing on presidential reference by five-judge constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice SH Kapadia
September 27, 2012: SC says auction not a must for all resources. Government has the right to decide policy, not judiciary, and maximisation of revenue cannot be the sole criterion of consideration in all situations.
January 8, 2013: The Income-Tax department submits the complete transcripts of 5,800 tapped telephone conversations of corporate lobbyist Niira Radia with politicians, corporate honchos to the Supreme Court in a sealed cover.
February 21, 2013: Supreme Court constituted a six member special team to examine the contents of tapped telephonic conversations between corporate lobbyist Niira Radia and politicians, corporate honchos and others.
February 27, 2013: A CBI special court witnesses high drama with main accused and former telecom minister A Raja yelling at attorney general GE Vahanvati, who deposed as a prosecution witness, and calling him a liar.
August 22, 2013: Anil Ambani appears in court answering questions about his company’s alleged links with firms facing the CBI probe in the 2G telecom spectrum scam.
August 23, 2013: Tina Ambani appears before a special court as a CBI witness in the 2G spectrum case to explain alleged links of the Reliance Group with some of the companies facing probe.
September 27, 2013: Manmohan Singh and P Chidambaram get a clean chit from a parliamentary panel on the 2G scam.
April 25, 2014: Enforcement Directorate (ED) names former telecom minister A Raja, and Rajya Sabha MP Kanimozhi – in a charge sheet filed before a Special CBI judge, accusing them of money laundering in the 2G spectrum allocation case
May 2, 2014: A Delhi court summons former telecom minister A Raja and member of parliament Kanimozhi in a 2G money-laundering case on May 26.
May 26, 2014: A Raja, Kanimozhi move bail applications before a Delhi court.
Oct 31, 2014: A Delhi court rules that former telecom minister A Raja, DMK patriarch M Karunanidhi’s wife Dayalu Ammal, his daughter and party MP K Kanimozhi and others will have to face trial on charges of money laundering.
March 4, 2015: Special CBI judge OP Saini supplies a draft questionnaire containing 400 questions running into 225 pages to the counsel representing the 19 accused.
April 15, 2015: CBI tells a special court former telecom minister A Raja “misled” the then prime minister Manmohan Singh on policy matters pertaining to 2G spectrum allocation to benefit “ineligible companies”.
November 3, 2015: SC rejects the pleas of DMK Rajya Sabha MP Kanimozhi and Swan telecom promoter Shahid Balwa to set aside the CBI case registered against them for their alleged role in the 2G spectrum scam
Oct 6, 2016: DMK Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi submits before the 2G court here that she was innocent and entitled to be acquitted in the spectrum allocation scam case
April 19, 2017: Special court concludes arguments.
December 21,2017: Special judge OP Saini acquits A Raja, DMK Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi and others facing prosecution.
Compiled By HT InfoCentre
First Published: Dec 21, 2017 10:36 IST