Indore is India’s cleanest city, UP’s Gonda dirtiest: Swachh Bharat survey | Latest News India - Hindustan Times

Indore is India’s cleanest city, UP’s Gonda dirtiest: Swachh Bharat survey

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By
May 04, 2017 04:33 PM IST

Indore replaces Mysuru as India’s cleanest city. Uttar Pradesh is the country’s dirtiest state but Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Varanasi constituency has shown a dramatic improvement.

Indore in Madhya Pradesh is India’s cleanest city and Gonda in Uttar Pradesh the filthiest, a nationwide cleanliness survey by the urban development ministry has found.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi wields the broom during a surprise visit to a police station in New Delhi. Modi launched the Swachh Bharat campaign on October 2, 2014.(File photo/PIB)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi wields the broom during a surprise visit to a police station in New Delhi. Modi launched the Swachh Bharat campaign on October 2, 2014.(File photo/PIB)

The survey of 434 cities, conducted as part of the Modi government’s Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, or Clean India Mission, has seen the historic city in MP knock off Karnataka’s Mysuru, which has been topping the rankings.

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The Top 5

Mysuru slipped to number five, an indication it failed to stick to the sanitation standards it achieved in 2016 and 2014. Waste collection, solid-waste processing and checking open defecation were among other criteria cities were measured against.

Bhopal, another city in the BJP-ruled MP, Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and Surat in Gujarat are the other five cleanest cities, says the third edition of the Swachh Survekshan released on Thursday by urban development minister M Venkaiah Naidu.

The cleanliness survey was carried out during January and February.

Launched in 2014, the Swachh Bharat campaign aims to make India clean and open-defecation free by 2019, the 150th birth anniversary year of Mahatma Gandhi.

Cities 2017 2016 2014
Indore (MP) 1 25 149
Bhopal (MP) 2 21 105
Vishakhapatnam (Andhra) 3 5 205
Surat (Gujarat) 4 6 63
Mysuru (Karnataka) 5 1 1
Tiruchirapally (Tamil Nadu) 6 3 2
NDMC (Delhi) 7 4 15
Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra) 8 12 3
Tirupathi (Andhra) 9 Not surveyed 137
Vadodara (Gujarat) 10 13 214
*434 cities (over one lakh population each) were part of the survey in 2017 while 73 cities (over one million population each) were covered in 2016 and 476 cities (over one lakh population each) in 2014.

How Delhi & NCR fared

The New Delhi Municipal Council area, the Capital’s power district where 1.5 % of Delhi’s 16.78 million resident live, is out of the top five. It slipped to seventh position, dropping three places from last year.

The rest of Delhi, too, failed to impress.

While Delhi Cantonment is ranked 172, the east, south and north municipal corporation areas are at 196, 202 and 279 places, respectively.

The BJP beat anti-incumbency and recently returned to power in the east, south and north civic bodies, where garbage collection and disposal continues to be a big problem.

In the national capital region except Faridabad, ranked 88, none of Delhi’s neighbours are among the 100 cleanest cities.

Gurgaon, where around 250 Fortune 500 companies are based, is ranked 112 while Ghaziabad is way down at 351, a stark reminder that infrastructure is struggling to keep up with the rapid pace of urbanisation in the country.

Where Delhi & NCR stands in 2017 survey
Cities 2017
1) NDMC 7
2) Delhi Cantt. 172
3) East Municipal Corporation 196
4) South Municipal Corporation 202
5) North Municipal Corporation 279
6) Faridabad 88
7) Gurugram 112
8) Ghaziabad 351
How has Varanasi (PM Modi’s constituency) fared
Year Ranking
2017 32
2016 65
2014 418

UP dirties but Varanasi rising

India’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh is also the dirtiest. Fifty of the 62 of its cities that were surveyed ranked below 300.

The holy city of Varanasi, which is also Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s parliamentary constituency, is the only exception. It was ranked 32, a dramatic improvement from 2014 when it was close to the bottom at 418 among 476 cities.

One of the oldest living cities in the world, Varanasi has got more than Rs 20,000 crore since 2014 to upgrade its rundown infrastructure, an indication of the effort and money it would require to improve India’s urban landscape.

The worst of the heap

Gonda, a town in Uttar Pradesh, is the dirtiest at 434. Bhusawal in Maharashtra is a rank above. Bihar’s Bagaha is at number 432, Hardoi in UP 431 and Bihar’s Katihar at 430.

North India continues to fare poorly. Of the 10 dirtiest cities five are in Uttar Pradesh, two each in Bihar and Punjab and one in Maharashtra.

It also points to the problem the authorities face in informing people about the link between sanitation and public health.

Cities in the south and west India fare better. Modi’s home state of Gujarat has 12 clean cities among the top 50.

Cities 2017 2016
Gonda (UP) 434 151
Bhusawal (Maharashtra) 433 267
Bagaha (Bihar) 432 453
Hardoi (UP) 431 235
Katihar (Bihar) 430 385
Bahraich (UP) 429 449
Muktsar (Punjab) 428 384
Abohar (Punjab) 427 420
Shahjahanpur (UP) 426 425
Khurja (UP) 425 366
*In 2016, the bottom 10 cities/municipalities were not surveyed. Only 53 cities with a population of over one million and 22 Capital cities were covered.

How cities were ranked

Cities were evaluated on five parameters – waste collection, solid-waste management, construction of toilets, sanitation strategies and behaviour change communication.

The rankings are based on the data provided by municipal corporations, independent assessors and feedback from people. In all, 3.7 million citizens participated in the exercise.

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