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Factbox: What constitutes blasphemy in arts...

Take a peek into artworks that have come under radicals' scanner for what they consider blasphemous.

india Updated: Feb 02, 2006 19:10 IST
Reuters
Reuters
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A French newspaper reprinted on Wednesday a series of 12 Danish newspaper cartoons depicting the Prophet Mohammad that have sparked protests in the Muslim world and prompted Saudi Arabia to recall its ambassador from Denmark.

Here is a short factbox of other publications or artworks criticised by some Muslims as blasphemous.

* 1989 - Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini calls on all Muslims to kill British author Salman Rushdie for blasphemy against Islam in his book The Satanic Verses.

* 1994 - Taslima Nasreen flees Bangladesh for Sweden after court charges her with "maliciously hurting Muslim religious sentiments". Some Muslims demand she be killed for her book Lajja (Shame), banned for blasphemy and suggesting free sex.

* 1995 - Egyptian court brands academic Nasr Hamed Abu Zaid an apostate because of his writings on Islam and annuls his marriage on grounds that a Muslim may not be married to an apostate. Abu Zaid and his wife move to the Netherlands.

* 2002 - Nigerian journalist Isioma Daniel incenses Muslims by writing in This Day newspaper that Prophet Mohammad would have approved of Miss World contest and might have wed a beauty queen. Muslim-Christian riots in northen city of Kaduna kill 200. Daniel flees Nigeria after fatwa urges Muslims to kill her.

* 2004 - Dutch film maker Theo van Gogh is murdered after release of his film Submission about violence against women in Islamic societies. Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Somali-born member of Dutch parliament who wrote script, plans another film about Islam's attitude to gays. She has also received death threats.

* 2005 - London's Tate Britain museum removes "God is Great sculpture" by John Latham from exhibition for fear of offending Muslims, citing "sensitive climate" after July suicide bombings.

First Published: Feb 02, 2006 11:00 IST