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Formation of religious outfits

The decision to form VHP was taken at a meeting held in Sandipani Sadhanalaya in Mumbai on the Janmashtami day in 1964.

india Updated: Feb 10, 2004 14:35 IST

Vishva Hindu Parishad

The decision to form the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) was taken at a meeting in Sandipani Sadhanalaya, Mumbai on the Janmashtami day in 1964. Various important dignitaries, saints and social workers attended the meeting. In addition to the declaration of the aims and objects of the parishad, the meeting also decided upon the pattern of the organisation and membership of the parishad. It was also resolved in the meeting that the word 'Hindu' was defined to include all those principles of life--ethical and spiritual, which have sprung up in Bharat.

The meeting nominated Swami Chinmayanand as the acting president of the parishad, SS Apte as the general secretary and Lalchand Hirachand, MN Ghatate as treasurers.

In the meeting held at Prayag on January 21, 1966 it was decided to draft the constitution of the parishad and a committee of 6 persons namely Ramaprasad Mukherjee, CB Agarwal, Swami Chinmayananda, Ramchandra Rao, Hardatta Rai Sungla and SS Apte were appointed.

Shiv Sena

Shiv Sena was formed on June 19, 1966 out of a campaign against the growing influence of non-Marathi-speakers in Mumbai. It became a major political force in the early 1980s, when it organised scabs, with the support of local Congress leaders, to break a strike by more than a 100,000 textile workers. In a passage of little more than three decades, it has built itself into a formidable force of millions of young men and women.

Shiv Sena never intended to be a political party. In the initial period, though Shiv Sena participated in the election process and politics, it never worked in quest of power. What attracted the people is Shiv Sena's 'straight to the point ideology', capacity to identify issues and ability to find immediate and effective solutions to the problems.

Bajrang Dal

The Vishva Hindu Parishad decided to start the "Ram-Janaki Rathyatra" with the aim of awakening society on October 1, 1984. Certain elements threatened the VHP with dire consequences if the Vishva Hindu Parishad undertake it. The Uttar Pradesh Government, in spite of assuring the VHP that Rath Yatra would not be disrupted, refused to give protection to the rath and its participants.

A call was made to the youths to protect the rath. Hundreds of them gathered in Ayodhya to protect the rath. Thus the Bajrang Dal was formed -- initially with a temporary and localised objective to awake the youth of UP and to further their involvement in the Ram Janma Bhoomi movement. In 1986 the VHP decided to form the Bajrang Dal in other states as its youth wing. The role of Bajrang Dal in Hindu awakening is not a secret: it has successfully got the Hindu youths involved in Ram Janma Bhoomi and other movements. This is evident from the tremendous success of various programs, i.e., Shila Poojan, Ram Jyoti Yatra, Kar Seva of 1990 and Kar Seva of 1992.

Rashtriya Swamsevak Sangh

The RSS was formed by a disciplined Congressman Keshavram Baliram Hedgewar in 1925 at Nagpur in response to the support Congress extended to the communal elements. For many years, its influence was restricted to Maharashtra.

Keeping aflame the spirit of freedom and endeavouring simultaneously to strengthen the cultural roots of the nation marked the twin features of the character of the Sangh from the beginning; and that has to this day remained its main plank.

It redounds to the foresight of Dr Hedgewar that he anticipated the need for strengthening the foundations of the Hindu society and for preparing it for challenges on social, economic, cultural, religious, philosophical and political planes. People like Dayananda and Vivekananda, Aurobindo and Tilak, had sown the seeds of the most recent phase of national renaissance. What was needed was a sufficiently strong instrumentality for carrying that process onward.

This instrumentality was created and bequeathed to the nation by Dr Hedgewar in the form of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh which he, after years of deliberate and patient preparation, founded at Nagpur.

Students Islamic Movement of India

The Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) was formed on April 25, 1977 at Aligarh Muslim University, as a front organisation of the Jamiat-e-Islam-i-Hind (JEIH). Over the time, it drew inspiration from the Iranian revolution and rapidly adopted an independent course to usher in an 'Islamic movement' in India at a radical pace.

In pursuit of this objective the organisation declared itself independent in 1993 through a resolution. The communal implications of such a move prompted the JEI-H to severe links with the SIMI and form Students' Islamic Organisation (SIO) as its students' wing. The organisation also operates through various front organisations in the country. At the global level, it has contacts with various Pan-Islamic organisations and is said to be affiliated to 'World Association of Muslim Youth' (WAMY).

The stated objectives of SIMI are:
1. Governing of human life on the basis of Quran
2. Propagation of Islam
3. "Jehaad" (religious war) for the cause of Islam
4. Destruction of nationalism and establishment of Islamic rule or Caliphate

In short, SIMI aims and attempts to utilise students/youths in the propagation of Islamic religion and mobilise support for Jehaad and establish "Shariat" based Islamic rule through "Islami Inqulab". As the organisation does not believe in the nation state, it does not believe in the constitution, or the secular order. It regards the idol worship as a sin and its holy duty to end idol worship.

The Central Governmental on September 27, 2001 declared SIMI an unlawful association.

Siddiqi, who founded SIMI, says this was purely a student's body at the time of its formation. It was purely an educational type of organisation. Its main purpose was to study Islam like in a study circle and to present Islam through lectures and seminars to students at colleges and schools.

The organisation has also been accused of triggering the twin blast in Mumbai.

First Published: Jan 29, 2004 13:47 IST