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January 15 - the day over the years

On this day Pakistan and India refused to pull their troops back from their tense border, where up to one million troops are massed in their biggest mobilisation in 30 years.
PTI | By Associated Press,
UPDATED ON JAN 15, 2005 10:33 AM IST

Today is Saturday, January 15, the thirteenth day of 2005.
There are 350 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1535 - Henry VIII assumes title of "Supreme Head of the Church" in England.
1559 - England's Queen Elizabeth I is crowned in Westminster Abbey.

1649 - French court leaves Paris at outbreak of Fronde Rebellion.

1777 - The people of New Connecticut declare their independence. The tiny republic later becomes the state of Vermont.

1892 - The rules of basketball are published for the first time, in Springfield, Massachusetts, where the game originates.

1919 - Pianist and conductor Ignace Jan Paderewski becomes the first premier of newly created Republic of Poland. Marxist rebels Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht are arrested and killed in Germany.
1922 - Irish Free State is established under Michael Collins.
1929 - The Kellog-Briand Pact for the peaceful settlement of international disputes is ratified by the US Senate
1932 - France completes pacification of French Morocco.
1943 - Japanese forces are driven from Guadalcanal in Pacific in World War II.
1966 - Death count surpasses 400 as flood refugees begin returning to hillside homes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
1967 - The first Super Bowl is played in the United States
1970 - Biafran rebels in Nigeria surrender after a two-and-a-half year war.
1972 - The crown princess is acclaimed Queen Margrethe II of Denmark by thousands of Danes on the parliament square.
1973 -US President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of all US offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace negotiations.
1986 - Military coup deposes the government in Lesotho.
1989 - Riot police in Prague, Czechoslovakia, use water cannon and dogs to disperse at least 2,000 people who defy ban on independent rallies.
1990 - Bulgarian Parliament abolishes Communist Party's monopoly on power.
1991 - UN deadline for withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait passes without incident, as efforts by French and others to resolve crisis diplomatically fail.
1992 - The Yugoslav federation effectively collapses as the European Community recognizes the republics of Croatia and Slovenia
1993 - US orders a naval barricade around Haiti to block a feared exodus of refugees, saying it is necessary to prevent a "massive loss of life at sea."
1995 - Israeli military aircraft target Palestinian guerrillas in 13 sorties south of Beirut, killing three people, wounding four.
1996 - Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou resigns after nearly two months in the hospital for treatment of pneumonia.
1997 - Protesters jeer at Serbian riot police in Belgrade in the ninth week of protests against President Slobodan Milosevic; the crews of U.S. space shuttle Atlantic and the Russian space station Mir celebrate together after successfully connecting their spacecrafts in orbit.
1999 - Some 45 ethnic Albanians, including children and old men, are killed and mutilated near the Kosovo village of Racak, Yugoslavia, by Serb forces.

2002 - Pakistan and India refuse to pull their troops back from their tense border, where up to one million troops are massed in their biggest mobilisation in 30 years.
- United Nations investigators report that Ugandan-backed rebel groups in the remote Ituri region of northeastern Congo had waged a campaign of atrocities against civilians that included cannibalism, torture, rape and murder during October 24-29, 2002.
2004 - Pentagon auditors request an investigation of possible criminal wrongdoing after US Vice President Dick Cheney's former company Halliburton picks a high-priced Kuwaiti supplier for gasoline in Iraq in just one day after considering bids from only three companies.

Today's Birthdays:
Jean Baptiste Moliere, French dramatist (1622-1673)
Franz Grillparzer, Austrian author (1791-1872)
Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French political philosopher (1809-1865)
Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (1902-1963)
Martin Luther King, American civil rights leader (1929-1968)
Mario Van Peebles, US actor/director (1957--)
Chad Lowe, U.S. actor (1968--).

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