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January 20 - the day over the years

On this day, the island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain.
PTI | By Associated Press, HindustanTimes.com
UPDATED ON JAN 21, 2005 01:09 PM IST

Today is Thursday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2005.
There are 346 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1265 - England's Parliament meets for first time.

1503 - Casa Contratacion Board of Trade is formed in Spain to deal with affairs in America.

1839 - Chile wins Battle of Yungay against Peru-Bolivian Federation, resulting in dissolution of that union.
1841 - The island of Hong Kong is ceded to Great Britain.
1887 - New Zealand annexes Kermadec Islands in Pacific; U.S. Senate approves leasing Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as naval base.

1921
- The new Parliament in Ankara declares that the country will be called Turkey, and vests executive power in a council led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
1936 - Britain's King George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII.
1942 - Nazi officials hold the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrive at their "final solution" that calls for exterminating Europe's Jews.
1957 - South Africa denies port facilities to Indian vessels in retaliation for Indian sanctions against South Africa.
1958 - Soviet Union threatens Greece with economic sanctions if it agrees to the installation of NATO missile bases on Greek territory.
1964 - British forces quell mutinies of Tanganyika Rifles and troops in Uganda and Kenya.
1968 - President Aref's regime in Iraq is deposed, and new government is formed under Al-Bakr.
1986 - A bloodless military coup ousts Lesotho's authoritarian Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan; the United States observes the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
1987 - Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite disappears in Beirut, Lebanon, while attempting to negotiate the release of Western hostages. He is freed in November 1991.
1989 - George Bush is sworn in as the 41st president of the United States.
1990 - Soviet troops storm Azerbaijani capital of Baku, leaving dozens dead and wounded, as President Mikhail Gorbachev defends action on national television.
1991 - In Moscow, hundreds of thousands of Soviet citizens protest bloody crackdown on Lithuania and demand resignation of President Mikhael Gorbachev.
1992 - Two former East German border guards are convicted in last killing at Berlin Wall.
1993 - Bill Clinton is inaugurated as President of the United States, taking over from George Bush.
1994 - Hours after a truce is proclaimed in Kabul, Afghanistan, forces loyal to the president fire rockets at the prime ministers' forces.
1995 - The Bosnian government and rebel Serbs exchange nearly 100 prisoners in a move instilling hope in a fragile truce. 1996 - Lebanese man is arrested in the fire that killed 10 immigrants at a shelter in Luebeck, Germany.
1997 - William Jefferson Clinton begins his second term as U.S. president.
1998 - Dr. James Robl at the University of Massachusetts and Dr. Steven Stice of Advanced Cell Technology Inc. announce that they have successfully cloned two identical, genetically engineered calves.
1999 - Riots between Christians and Muslims enter a third day on the Indonesian island of Ambon - 22 people die, 100 are badly injured and more than 30 houses are burned.

2000
- The senior accountant in Parliament for the scandal-plagued Christian Democrats commits suicide, stunning lawmakers as new questions arise about the financial dealings of the party that has dominated postwar German politics. 2001 - The Rev. Jesse Jackson appears in public in Chicago for the first time since acknowledging he fathered a child in an extramarital affair. Protesting Filipinos force President Joseph Estrada to step down and Vice President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo is sworn in as the Philippines' new president.
2002 - The government and Colombia's largest guerrilla group reach an agreement on a timetable for cease-fire talks aimed at ending the country's long-running civil war.
2003 - Former Serbian President Milan Milutinovic surrenders to the U.N. International Criminal Tribunal in The Hague, the Netherlands, to face charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for his role in a 1999 crackdown on ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.
2004 - Israeli warplanes strike Hezbollah guerrilla bases in southern Lebanon, threatening to re-ignite another Arab-Israeli front that has been mostly calm for years. Israel says it was retaliating for a Hezbollah attack that killed one Israeli soldier and wounded another a day earlier, and said the attacks were intended as a message to Syria, the main power broker in Lebanon.

Today's Birthdays:
Paul Cambon, French statesman (1834-1924)
George Burns, U.S. comedian (1896-1996)
Federico Fellini, Italian film director (1920-1993)
Patricia Neal, U.S. actress (1926--)
David Lynch, U.S. director (1946--)
Bill Maher, U.S. television talk show host (1956--)
Skeet Ulrich, U.S. actor (1969--)

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