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January 3 - the day over the years

Today is January 3
PTI | By Associated Press, HindustanTimes.com
UPDATED ON JAN 03, 2005 11:05 AM IST

Today is Saturday, January 3, the third day of 2005
There are 362 days left in the year.

A quick recap of what has gone on this date in history

1521 - Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.

1648 - English military leader Oliver Cromwell condemns King Charles I before Parliament. The Royalists soon take up arms again and the Second Civil War begins.

1739 - Convention of the Pardo to settle Anglo-Spanish disputes opens.
1777 - Gen. George Washington's army defeats the British in the Battle of Princeton, New Jersey.
1778 - Palatinate recognizes Austrian claim to Lower Bavaria. 1795 - Secret treaty takes place between Russia and Austria for third partition of Poland.

1815 - Austria, Britain and France form defensive alliance against Prussia and Russia.
1868 - The Meiji Restoration re-establishes the authority of Japan's emperor and heralds the fall of the military rulers known as shoguns.
1896 - Anglo-German relations reach crisis over German support to Transvaal leaders.

1915 - Rebellion breaks out in Albania.
1921 - First Indian Parliament meets.
1925 - Benito Mussolini, prime minister and leader of Italy's Fascists, assumes responsibility for the murder of an opposition politician and dares parliament to prosecute him. He launches a crackdown that makes him dictator of Italy.
1938 - The March of Dimes campaign to fight polio is organized in the United States.
1941 - Italian forces surrender at Bardia, Libya, in World War II.
1947 - US Congressional proceedings are televised for the first time as viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York City see some of the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress.
1956 - Soviet Union extends technical assistance to China. 1959 - U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signs a proclamation admitting Alaska as 49th U.S. state.
1961 - United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba.
1962 - Indonesia's President Sukarno proclaims West New Guinea an independent province.
1967 - Jack Ruby, the man who shot accused presidential assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies in a Dallas hospital.
1974 - Kuwait reaches agreement with Gulf Oil and British Petroleum Companies for 60 percent takeover of their operations in Gulf state.
1977 - International Monetary Fund gives largest loan in its 30-year history - almost $4 billion - to Britain to bolster the country's currency. 
1990 - Ousted Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrenders to US forces, 10 days after taking refuge in the Vatican's diplomatic mission.
1991 - US President George Bush invites Iraq to Geneva for final attempt at diplomatic solution to Gulf crisis before Jan. 15 deadline set by UN allowing use of force.
1992 - Opposition gunmen fire on supporters of Georgian President Zviad Gamsakhurdia, killing two and wounding 25.
1993 - US President George Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign an arms control treaty to reduce nuclear weapons by two-thirds.
1994 - A Russian passenger jet crashes and explodes into flames in a snowy field at a livestock farm in Siberia, killing all 120 people aboard.
1995 - Tamil separatist rebels and govt negotiators in Sri Lanka agree to a cease-fire. Rebels release four policemen held captive for more than four years.
1996 - In New Delhi, a bomb explodes in a crowded market, killing at least six people and injuring 32 others.
1997 - A Rwandan court sentences two Hutu men to death, the first verdict in the massacres of hundreds of thousands of Rwandans, most Tutsis, in 1994.
1998 - Kenya's President Daniel Arap Moi wins his fifth straight term.
1999 - Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif escapes an apparent assassination attempt when a bomb explodes on a bridge as he is about to pass. Four die in the explosion.

2000 - Assailants protesting Russia's crackdown on Chechnya fire rocket-propelled grenades at the Russian Embassy in Beirut.
2001 - Politicians, Palestinian refugees and ordinary Arabs line up along with some of the Middle East's most militant voices to protest Washington's latest Palestinian-Israeli peace plan.
2002 - Following a wave of rebel attacks in Colombia, President Andres Pastrana's peace envoy heads into guerrilla territory in hopes of bringing the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia into cease-fire talks.
2003 - Street protests turn deadly in Caracas, Venezuela, as police struggle in vain to separate battling supporters and opponents of President Hugo Chavez. At least two people are shot to death and 78 others injured.
2004 - A NASA rover enters the atmosphere of Mars and touches down on the Red Planet, beginning its mission to roam the Red Planet's rocky surface in search of evidence Mars was once suitable for life.

Today's Birthdays:
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian musician (1710-1736);
Clement Attlee, British statesman (1883-1967);
David W Griffith, pioneer U.S. film producer (1875-1948);
JRR Tolkien, British fantasy writer (1892-1973);
Victor Borge, Copenhagen pianist-humorist (1909-2000);
John Paul Jones, English bassist w/rock group Led Zeppelin (1946--);
Sanjay Khan
Mel Gibson, US-Australian actor (1951--)
Michael Schumacher (1969- - )

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