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January 7 - the day over the years

On a day that that the Third Battle of panipat was settled in favour of the Afghans, India granted diplomatic status to China.
PTI | By Associated Press,
UPDATED ON JAN 07, 2005 11:50 AM IST

Today is Wednesday, January 7, the seventh day of 2005.
There are 358 days left in the year.

A quick recap of what has gone on this date in history

1537 - Alessandro de Medici is assassinated and Cosimo de Medici succeeds him in Florence.
1558 - French capture Calais from the British.

1610 - The astronomer Galileo Galilei sees four of Jupiter's moons.

1761 - Afghans defeat Marathas in the Third Battle of Paniput.

1782 - The first commercial American bank, the Bank of North America, opens.
1789 - The first U.S. presidential election is held. Americans vote for electors who, a month later, choose George Washington to be the  first president.

1807 - Britain declares blockade of coasts of France and Bonaparte's allies.

1913 - A cracking process to obtain gasoline from crude oil is patented in the United States.
1927 - Commercial trans-Atlantic telephone service is inaugurated between New York and London.
1942 - Japan begins successful siege of Bataan during World War II, routing American and Philippine troops.
1953 - Harry Truman announces that US has developed hydrogen bomb.
1959 - US recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government.
1961 - African heads of state issue African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights at Casablanca.
1967 - Fighting is reported between Chinese Red Guards and workers in Nanking.
1968 - Government of Lebanon resigns after Israeli commando raid at Beirut airport; the Surveyor 7 space probe makes a soft landing on the moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
1972 - India resists US pressure and grants full diplomatic recognition to China.
- Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos suspends scheduled plebiscite on new constitution, saying his country is slipping back into subversion and corruption.
1979 - Vietnamese forces capture the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
1987 - Lebanon's former President Camille Chamoun suffers minor wounds when remote-control car bomb explodes near his bulletproof car.
1990 - Thousands of Romanians demonstrate nationwide to protest the number of ex-Communists in the interim government. 1991 - Coup attempt in Haiti by former leader of paramilitary organization Tontons Macoute, Roger Lafontant, fails.
1992 - Yugoslav military shoots down European Union helicopter, killing five truce observers.
1993 - US forces in Mogadishu, Somalia, unleash a barrage of tank, helicopter and rocket fire on two bases where snipers were firing.
1994 - About 750,000 gallons of heating oil blacken beaches on Puerto Rico when a barge runs aground.
1995 - The United Nations suspends relief flights in Bosnia, and accuses the warring sides of foot-dragging in carrying out a shaky four-month truce.
1996 - A bomb rips through a city bus in Karachi, killing at least eight people and injuring 35.
1997 - In Algiers, Algeria, a car bomb explodes in a bustling shopping district, killing at least 13 people and wounding 100 others.
1999 - The U.S Senate opens the impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton, the first such trial in 130 years.

- An exhausted 14-year-old Tibetan Buddhist leader reaches India after trekking across the snowy Himalayas after defecting from Chinese-ruled Tibet.
2001 - A general practitioner in Manchester, England, may have killed more than 200 patients over 24 years, a clinical study of Dr. Harold Shipman's medical practice shows. He is sentenced to life in prison for the deaths of 15 patients.
2003 - A Congo military court sentences 26 defendants to death for the January 2001 assassination of President Laurent Kabila, who was shot by a bodyguard in the presidential palace.
2004 - Officials at the Buenos Aires Zoo in Argentina announce the birth of six rare Bengal white tigers, saying their arrival increases the overall population of the endangered animals to 210.

Today's Birthdays:
Pope Gregory XIII (Ugo Buoncompagno) (1502-1585)
James Harrington, English political author (1611-1677)
Robert Anderson, Scottish author (1750-1830)
Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (1903-1960)
Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flutist (1922--)
David Caruso, US actor (1956--)
Nicolas Cage, US actor (1964--)
Reena Roy, actress
Supriya Pathak, actress
Koena Mitra, actress

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