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Military solution not viable for Balochistan: report

A report said this after rejecting the Pakistani government's claims that the situation is improving in the region.

india Updated: Dec 16, 2006 18:30 IST
Press Trust of India
Press Trust of India

Military solution to Balochistan crisis is not viable and should be done away with, a report said here, rejecting the Pakistani government's claims that the situation is improving in the region.

The report, Balochistan Crisis: A regional conflict unfolding over Suleiman Rangev" brings vivid and horrifying details of the military operation in the region to the forefront.

The report, published in Dawn on Saturday, recommended that the factors such as Taliban insurgency, US-Iran tension, differences on the Durand Line, the porous border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, Chinese investment in Pakistan and the alleged Indian assistance to Balochistan insurgents are significant security threats to both the neighbours.

It said that since December 2005, the conflict has resulted in a major loss to human life and heavy collateral damage.

The Pakistani government has confessed to having used air force in the region and the estimates have put the death toll at 192, including 42 members of security forces, 88 militants and 62 civilians, the report claimed.

Hundreds were reportedly injured in the surging violence, it added.

The report, read by researcher Nizamuddin Nizamani, further said that while the government had conceded arresting a few hundred insurgents, local political parties claimed that out of 4,000 people detained, only 200 have been produced in the court.

The Musharraf government had declared in December 2005 that the insurgency would be quelled in one month, but it had still not happened even after a year, the report noted adding that on the contrary, militant activities appear to be on the rise in both frequency and magnitude.

The government-appointed committee would submit its recommendations on provincial autonomy to the National Assembly in next session to address the demands of autonomy, Hussain said at a meeting.

The study recommended the constitution of a commission comprising experts from various fields with a task to reassess the situation in the region on the basis of demands of nationalist forces, academicians and senior Baloch bureaucrats.

It also suggested removal of check-posts manned by paramilitary and other federal agencies and a halt to construction of non-strategic military cantonments in the province.

A general amnesty should be declared and political prisoners should be released to build an environment of trust in the region, the report proposed.

Based on federal systems in countries including the US, Germany, India and the United Arab Emirates, it suggested that infrastructural reforms need to be carried out in the province.

It also recommended drastic administrative measures and transparent elections for enhancing human security indicators in Balochistan.

The report calls for reviving the National Finance Commission and the Council of Common Interests besides limiting the government share in the revenue as per the agreement between the provinces and the Centre in the past.

First Published: Dec 16, 2006 18:30 IST