Pakistan’s claim on Kashmir primarily rests on its belief in the two nations theory based on religion. It was on this very premise that India was partitioned in 1947, giving birth to Pakistan.
Kashmir being a predominantly Muslim majority state, Pakistan believes, the state is its natural extension - an unfinished task of partition.
Even before British paramountcy on Jammu and Kashmir could lapse, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the author of the two-nation theory had a design on the Paradise on Earth. He had once boastfully declared: "Kashmir is a blank cheque in my pocket."
In the August 24, 1947, issue of its semi-official daily Dawn, he said: The time has come to tell the Maharaja of Kashmir that he must make his choice and choose Pakistan. Should Kashmir fail to join Pakistan the gravest possible trouble will inevitably ensue?
Pakistan also bears a historical grudge against India. The creation of Bangladesh (once a part of Pakistan), it believes was a brainchild of India. To avenge its bifurcation, Pakistan now wants to snatch Kashmir from India.
Pakistan on a number of occasion has sought international intervention to end, what it believes, is India’s atrocities on Kashmiri people. It has been demanding the implementation of UN resolutions on holding a plebiscite in Kashmir.
Pakistan refuses to buy India’s claim on Kashmir on the basis of Instrument of Accession. It doubts the very existence of the Instrument of Accession that, it believes was never signed, but was fabricated by India to stake its claim on Kashmir.
Pakistan claims that at the time of independence people of Kashmir wanted to join Pakistan. The Maharaja, fearing a tribal warfare, eventually gave way to Indian pressure and agreed to join India by what India claims, ‘signing’ the controversial Instrument of Accession.
Pakistan says Mountbatten made it clear that the State would only be incorporated into the Indian Union after a reference had been made to the people of Kashmir. Having accepted the principle of a plebiscite, India has obstructed all attempts at holding a referendum.
In 1957, Kashmir was incorporated into the Indian Union under a new Constitution. According to Pakistan, this was done in direct contravention of resolutions of the UNSC and UNCIP and the conditions of the controversial Instrument of Accession.
Pakistani nationalism views Kashmir as integral to its Islamic identity. It believes that if a Muslim majority area contiguous to Pakistan remained in India, the original justification for a Muslim state would be weakened. Since each country considered itself to be incomplete without Kashmir, the ideological conflict lingers on till date.