Tourists come to Pacaya for the altitude, cool weather, stunning views and singular experience of seeing the force of nature.(Shutterstock/Representative image)
Tourists come to Pacaya for the altitude, cool weather, stunning views and singular experience of seeing the force of nature.(Shutterstock/Representative image)

Volcano tourism is booming in Guatemala, bringing in cash and tourists

Volcano tourism is the life blood of Guatemala’s villages, like San Francisco de Sales. For locals, it is a question of learning to live with a generous monster.
By HT Correspondent | Associated Press
UPDATED ON JUN 12, 2018 11:14 AM IST

Tourists reached out to feel the heat from the still-smoldering lava, tossed sticks to see them burst into flames or watched a guide toast marshmallows on hot rocks as they hiked on Guatemala’s Pacaya volcano, which days earlier had spewed lava.

From the peak of Pacaya they had a clear view of the nearby Volcano of Fire, which erupted on June 3, emitting a fast-moving avalanche of super-heated muck that killed at least 110 people and left about 200 missing.

Parque Nacional Volcan Pacaya. #ExplorandoGuatemala By @kelley_gil ・・・ It’s all about balance. I’ve been a competitive athlete the majority of my life and when I found yoga, I saw it as this reprieve from pushing my body to maximums, from forcing myself to a breaking point. I could argue that our modern fixation with yoga is actually doing the same thing but that’s another post for another day. This is about understanding you don’t have to be a yogi to do yoga, a runner to run, a hiker to hike. You need to be a healthy, balanced body that can do the reasonably demanding things you ask of it. And important to note, the level of demand each of us - especially athletes - asks of our bodies varies tremendously. I’ve started running for fun again (crazy, I know) because it’s what my body is asking for and it’s made me more grateful than ever for my yoga practice. It keeps me balanced. It gives me awareness of my breath. It deepens my understanding of when to push and when to pullback. It helps my knees and hips on mile 7. And for the first time in a long time, I’m not thinking about that next super challenging asana or criticizing myself for not practicing for 90 minutes everyday. Instead, I’m thinking about what asanas are going to make my yoga practice, my running practice, my hiking, safe and sustainable in this body because at the end of the day, you only get one. So be patient with it. Take care of it. Move it. #guatemala #volcano #volcanpacaya #pacaya

A post shared by Explorando Guatemala (@explorandoguatemala) on

“I would encourage people to come and see the beauty of the place; there’s nothing necessarily to fear,” said Maximilian Penn, a chef from New York gazing at the breathtaking view. “It’s just important to have an understanding of what’s going on here. It’s a dangerous place, so you should have respect.”

Volcano tourism is the life blood of villages like San Francisco de Sales, perched near Pacaya’s peak, and for locals it is a question of learning to live with a generous monster. Pacaya is the main tourist draw as it is more accessible while also offering a clear view of the Volcano of Fire.

Silvia Sazo, one of the few female tour guides at Pacaya, saw her own home destroyed by a 2010 eruption. Her family rebuilt in the same place, and there are still spots on the ground near her house where vapour and heat stream from the ground. “You can put eggs, corn and chayotes in the ground, and they cook,” she said. “We don’t have anywhere else to live. ... This is our way of life.”

The Fuego Volcano continues to release ash and smoke more than a week after a violent eruption, as seen from the village of San Miguel Los Lotes, in Escuintla Department, about 35 km southwest of Guatemala City. (AFP)
The Fuego Volcano continues to release ash and smoke more than a week after a violent eruption, as seen from the village of San Miguel Los Lotes, in Escuintla Department, about 35 km southwest of Guatemala City. (AFP)

The Pacaya volcano began having effusive eruptions in 2006 while the deadly blast of ash and rock from the Volcano of Fire was an explosive eruption.

Although locals don’t use the scientific terms, they know the difference: Explosive eruptions of ash, gas and rock can easily kill, while effusive eruptions — lava flows — can be interesting for tourists to look at. Some volcanos have both types, and Pacaya had an explosive blast in 2010 that killed a reporter and two locals.

But there is always danger with both types, including the emission of toxic gases, notes John Stix, a professor at the earth and planetary sciences department at McGill University in Canada. “I think anyone who visits an active volcano needs to appreciate that there is some risk involved, and the risk increases as one gets closer to the active vent or crater,” Styx wrote.

Gilberto Rosales, from the nearby village El Rodeo, motions towards the Volcan de Fuego, or Volcano of Fire, as he retells how he saw the lava flow during it deadly eruption, while he passes through the devastated hamlet of San Miguel Los Lotes, Guatemala. (AP)
Gilberto Rosales, from the nearby village El Rodeo, motions towards the Volcan de Fuego, or Volcano of Fire, as he retells how he saw the lava flow during it deadly eruption, while he passes through the devastated hamlet of San Miguel Los Lotes, Guatemala. (AP)

Which, in far less scientific terms, is what locals say. “We don’t worry about the lava, we worry about the crater from which explosive eruptions come,” said Sazo.

Residents who depend on Pacaya for their livelihood have learned to respect and read the volcano, like park maintenance worker Juan Francisco Alfaro, who lives in the nearby hamlet of Patrocinio. “We are always alert. You don’t wait, you go if there is an explosive eruption,” Alfaro said.

Many carefully watch the colour of the plumes coming from the crater: White is OK, but black means danger. “We have a lot of respect for it,” Alfaro said. “One sees what happened to San Miguel Los Lotes,” which was destroyed by the Volcano of Fire eruption.

Jose Quezada, who has guided tours for 18 years, estimates half the people in San Francisco de Sales earn a living from volcano tourism. “Over time, we have learned to live with the volcano,” he said. “You don’t fool around with the volcano.”

A nun prays while touring an area affected by the eruption of the Fuego volcano at San Miguel Los Lotes in Escuintla, Guatemala. (REUTERS)
A nun prays while touring an area affected by the eruption of the Fuego volcano at San Miguel Los Lotes in Escuintla, Guatemala. (REUTERS)

Each day, Quezada gets reports from residents who have hiked up the mountain earlier in the day about where it is safe to take tour groups. Going to the summit and peering into the crater is no longer allowed. “If there is a change in the volcano, a change in its activity, we return immediately,” he said.

Tourists come to Pacaya for the altitude, cool weather, stunning views and singular experience of seeing the force of nature. The altitude — the volcanos are the only geographic features rising off the steamy plains — is one reason why many people live in villages like San Francisco de Sales. It is perfect for growing coffee, but after a plant disease wiped out coffee trees, people recently began planting avocados.

“Coffee is no longer profitable after we got coffee rust,” said farmer Roberto Mijango. “We’re only getting paid $18 for a 100-pound sack (46 kilograms) of coffee berries. The fertiliser costs more than that.” But the three- and four-year-old avocado trees won’t bear enough fruit to support the farmers for another few years. So without the tourism income, the villages around Pacaya would be impoverished.

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