Talking of tricity, obesity among males is the highest in SAS Nagar district with 54% urban men being obese in the age group of 15-54 years as per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) released by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Putting that into perspective, every second urban male is obese in SAS Nagar district.
Even the urban women are not far behind as the survey indicates that 43% of urban woman in the age group of 15-49 years which means every fourth of ten urban women is obese in SAS Nagar.
Talking of Mohali’s neighbour districts, only 32% of Chandigarh men are obese while in Panchkula, the obesity among men is just 11%. The information was gathered from 779 households, 880 women, and 149 men.
How they define obesity
Overweight and obesity are defined as excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Those adults whose Body Mass Index (BMI) was greater than or equal to 25 were considered as obese or overweight, by NFHS-4. The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres.
“Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the country and its incidence is very high in Punjab. In urban areas, sedentary lifestyle is another major cause of obesity. While there is no easy cure for obesity, making a change in lifestyle and dietary habits can help reduce weight. Eat foods high in protein, fresh fruits and vegetables,” said Dr Amit Garg, bariatric and metabolic surgeon, Fortis Hospital, SAS Nagar.
He added, “Morbidly obese patients having type 2 diabetes and other problems who don’t lose weight with all efforts are advised bariatric and metabolic surgery”.
“Obesity is on its way to become the number one killer in the next decade. The main reasons behind the SAS Nagar urban population becoming obese are high calorie junk food, lack of exercise and people getting glued to their mobiles and laptops. The roads are not cyclist or pedestrian friendly and parks are not safe and aesthetic, which is resulting in obesity,“ said Dr KS Dhillon, director, gastrointestinal surgery, Max Hospital, SAS Nagar.
Chandigarh women most obese
In SAS Nagar, 39.4% women are obese which is the second highest in tricity as 41.5% women of Chandigarh are obese, while in Panchkula, only 22.9% women are obese.
Obesity among men highest in Patiala
With 40.6% obese men, Patiala had the highest number of fat persons in Punjab. If we talk about Punjab, the highest number of obese women was in Rupnagar with 43.6% fat women.
Know the survey
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India. The NFHS is a collaborative project of the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS),Mumbai, India; ORC Macro, Calverton, Maryland, USA and the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, designated IIPS as the nodal agency, responsible for providing coordination and technical guidance for the NFHS.
NFHS was funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) with supplementary support from United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).