Ram-Singh-of-Pipli-village-with-children-near-Kharkhoda-in-Haryana-Ravi-Kumar-HT
Ram-Singh-of-Pipli-village-with-children-near-Kharkhoda-in-Haryana-Ravi-Kumar-HT

Four decades of Emergency: ‘Pipli Live’ through the eyes of dogged Taus of Haryana

At a stone’s throw away from the National Capital, Pipli on Delhi-Kharkhauda road could well pass on as the fabled Peepli village which provided the backdrop for Aamir Khan produced satirical film, Peepli Live. It is actually not
By Hitender Rao | Hindustan Times, Pipli (sonepat)
UPDATED ON JUN 25, 2015 08:36 AM IST
At a stone’s throw away from the National Capital, Pipli on Delhi-Kharkhauda road could well pass on as the fabled Peepli village which provided the backdrop for Aamir Khan produced satirical film, Peepli Live. It is actually not.



The village remains a part of the dark period of Emergency imposed by the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, in June 1975. On a cold December 1976 morning, Pipli shot into bloody prominence when a heavy posse of Haryana police brutally assaulted and later opened fire to fix an irate crowd of villagers opposing forced sterilisation tooth and nail. Three persons, including a woman and a cop were killed and government vehicles were set ablaze in an incident which sent shockwaves across the country.



Says septuagenarian Raghbir Singh, one of the few persons alive to recount the incident, "Mhare gaam me nasbandi wale aa gaye thay. Jo dikhe use gherney lag gaye (government officials entrusted with the task of carrying out sterilisations started forcibly lifting people and make them undergo surgery). They were assigned targets and went overboard coercing unwilling individuals"







Villagers say forcible sterilisation in the garb of family planning was not only unconstitutional but violated an individual’s right to life and the way he wanted to live. "This was one of the most inhuman and cruel acts done during the Emergency. The officials would not even care whether an individual was actually eligible or fit for the vasectomy. They would humiliate them by forcing them into their jeeps. Even our sarpanch fled from the village," says Ramu (72) who was then employed with Public Works Department at Bahadurgarh.



Recalls another elderly Raghbir (80): "A block development officer (BDO) was assigned the task of picking persons for sterilisation and he started doing it forcibly. Several villagers, including women caught hold of him and he was thrashed black and blue. Had some elders not come to his rescue, he would have been killed."



A retired army man Bijender Singh (70), too chips in and says: "The BDO was locked in a room by elders to save him from crowd fury. He was later released and he boarded a bus back to headquarters. But while going back he announced that he would set Pipli afire. That’s how many villagers from surrounding villages travelling in the same bus came to know of an imminent clash."







Well before the break of the dawn on December 2, 1976, the BDO arrived with a heavy posse of cops. "It was about 4 am. My grandfather was summoned by the police at the dairy at Chopal. My tau (elder uncle) was thrown in a jeep and the BDO sat over him mercilessly. Women were cane charged. In no time, the police and villagers were ready for a bloody showdown. The police opened fire killing two persons, including a woman and a boy from Gopalpur. Infuriated villagers then burnt a police jeep and thrashed a constable to death. And what was all this for, one could not understand," says Om Prakash (60).



"It was an era of great terror. Villagers were so scared that they would not even smoke hookah together. Often they would remain hidden in fields," says Ajit Singh (62), recounting the dreaded incident and its aftermath.





Emergency recount in Haryana



*A sterilisation target of 74,300 was set by the Government of India for Haryana for 1975-76. It was later reduced to 45,000 after the state found the figure too high. Haryana, however, exceeded the revised target by performing 57,492 sterilisations.



*Chief minister arbitrarily raised the target to 2 lakh sterilisations in November 1976 against the advice of Health department. Even this target was exceeded as 2.22 lakh vasectomy operations were done.

*105 unmarried persons and 179 persons over the age of 55 years were sterilised.



*428 persons were arrested for opposing sterilisations under Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) and Code of Criminal Procedure.



*During a conference of Deputy Commissioners on July 23, 1976 it was decided to allot all ministers one district each for supervising family planning programme.



*No exemption for government servants from sterilisation on the grounds that her spouse had an intrauterine device (IUD) or claimed the use of condoms. Chief secretary ordered on November 23, 1976 that officials who fail to get themselves sterilised would be liable for punishment under Punjab Civil Services Rules. Salaries of employees refusing to undergo the knife were also stopped.



*It was ordered that annual confidential reports of officials would include an additional report on assistance rendered by the officer in family planning work.



*The key role of police in enforcing sterilisation was discussed in a conference of DIGs held on October 26 -27, 1976 at Madhuban. The police was extensively used to coerce people to undergo forced sterilisation. The cops used to round up and coerce people to undergo forced vasectomies. However, all the instructions given to cops were issued verbally only.



*Government officials, including the police and revenue officials in every district were given a target to achieve. They were asked to bring sufficient number of persons to family planning camps, Buses were diverted to these camps and passengers sterilised, persons were forcibly taken from villages, bus stands and railway stations for sterilisation to camps.



*Instances of organised resistance to sterilisation programme at Nagina village in district Gurgaon (now in Mewat district ) and Pipli in Sonepat districts where four persons lost their lives in police firing. A Commission was appointed by state government to inquire into the incidents and excesses at Pipli and Nagina.



(As per the information furnished by state government before Justice JC Shah Commission of Inquiry, constituted in 1977 to inquire into the excesses committed during Emergency)
SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close
The exams will now be held on March 6. (HT File Photo)
The exams will now be held on March 6. (HT File Photo)

Teachers’ protest: Panjab University postpones all exams scheduled on March 4

By HT Correspondent, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 08:03 PM IST
On Monday, the teachers had announced that they will go on mass casual leave and boycott exams on March 4
Close
The political strategist, who has been appointed in the rank and status of a cabinet minister in Punjab, will be paid a token honorarium of <span class='webrupee'>₹</span>1 per month.(HT FILE PHOTO)
The political strategist, who has been appointed in the rank and status of a cabinet minister in Punjab, will be paid a token honorarium of 1 per month.(HT FILE PHOTO)

Prashant Kishor appointed political adviser to Punjab CM , gets cabinet rank

PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 07:21 AM IST
The election consultant’s appointment in the chief minister’s office (CMO) was announced by Singh himself on social media. “Happy to share that @PrashantKishor has joined me as my principal advisor. Look forward to working together for the betterment of people of Punjab!” he tweeted.
Close
Police using water cannons against Shiromani Akali Dal workers during a protest march in Chandigarh  on Monday. (Keshav Singh/HT)
Police using water cannons against Shiromani Akali Dal workers during a protest march in Chandigarh  on Monday. (Keshav Singh/HT)

SAD workers marching to gherao Punjab Vidhan Sabha face water cannons

By HT Correspondent, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 02:38 AM IST
Core committee members court arrest against ‘use of force’ by cops; Sukhbir announces ‘lok lehar’ protest rallies in state’s all segments from March 12
Close
The seized lahan at at Khiala Kalan village in Ajnala sub-division of Amritsar district.
The seized lahan at at Khiala Kalan village in Ajnala sub-division of Amritsar district.

Illegal distillery busted in Ajnala, 3 women among 8 held with 110 tonne lahan, 1,780 litre liquor

By HT Correspondent, Amritsar
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 02:37 AM IST
Branded yeast, permanent pipeline plumbing system, RCC pools were being used to produce liquor, say excise department officials
Close
Jammu and Kashmir, March 01 (ANI): An elderly person being vaccinated during the second phase of Covid vaccination in Jammu on Monday. (ANI)
Jammu and Kashmir, March 01 (ANI): An elderly person being vaccinated during the second phase of Covid vaccination in Jammu on Monday. (ANI)

Covid vaccination for senior citizens starts on tardy note across J&K

PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 02:11 AM IST
n the second phase, senior citizens above 60 years of age and those with comorbidities between 45 to 59 years were required to get registered
Close
Political strategist Prashant Kishor has scripted several successful electoral campaigns. (PTI)
Political strategist Prashant Kishor has scripted several successful electoral campaigns. (PTI)

Prashant Kishor returns as Capt’s principal adviser with cabinet rank

By HT Correspondent, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 02:00 AM IST
The political strategist will be paid a token honorarium of 1 per month. However, he will be entitled to a fully-furnished government residence and camp office, executive class travel, official vehicle, medical facilities and secretarial staff as admissible to a cabinet minister
Close
Railway authorities have been directed to replace old coaches, which will enhance the tourist experience. (HT File)
Railway authorities have been directed to replace old coaches, which will enhance the tourist experience. (HT File)

Alignment on cards to bump up speed on Kalka-Shimla track

By HT Correspondent, Shimla
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 01:45 AM IST
Railway authorities have been directed to replace old coaches, which will enhance the tourist experience
Close
The state on Monday recorded 132 new infections taking the state’s tally to 58,777 while the death toll reached 983 after one more patient succumbed to the contagion. (HT File)
The state on Monday recorded 132 new infections taking the state’s tally to 58,777 while the death toll reached 983 after one more patient succumbed to the contagion. (HT File)

Covid infections in Himachal see 168% increase in a week

By Gaurav Bisht, Shimla
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 01:18 AM IST
Coronavirus cases in Himachal, which had plateaued out in January, have registered a steep increase yet again with as many as 389 new infections being recorded in the last week of the February and on the first day of March, an increase of 168
Close
Mostly made of limestone and bricks, now surrounded by wild growth, remnants of these structures can be found near Dangri river in Ambala’s Bora Khera village on the Roorkee highway besides in Handesra and Sarangpur villages in Punjab. (HT Photo)
Mostly made of limestone and bricks, now surrounded by wild growth, remnants of these structures can be found near Dangri river in Ambala’s Bora Khera village on the Roorkee highway besides in Handesra and Sarangpur villages in Punjab. (HT Photo)

British-era water supply structures crumbling in Ambala Cantt

By Bhavey Nagpal, Chandigarh
UPDATED ON MAR 02, 2021 01:08 AM IST
Around 10-kilometre long, the duct water supply system, known as Handesra waterworks, ensured clean water supply to both troops and civilians
Close
The septuagenarian, who has been a farmer and an English teacher at a private college, is seen as the common man’s representative. (HT Photo)
The septuagenarian, who has been a farmer and an English teacher at a private college, is seen as the common man’s representative. (HT Photo)

Ahead of MC polls in Himachal, BJP attempts to mend fences with Dhumal

By Gaurav Bisht, Shimla
UPDATED ON MAR 02, 2021 12:51 AM IST
In the run up to municipal corporation elections in Dharamshala, Solan, Mandi and Palampur, the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party has started reaching out to hitherto sidelined leaders, including former chief minister Prem Kumar Dhumal and his supporters
Close
Maximum temperature had reached 32.7°C on February 26, highest for the month since 1954. (HT FILE PHOTO)
Maximum temperature had reached 32.7°C on February 26, highest for the month since 1954. (HT FILE PHOTO)

Chandigarh: February gone by was hottest in 7 years

By Rajanbir Singh, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 12:46 AM IST
According to the IMD, average temperatures will remain higher than normal in the city from March to May as well
Close
Punjab governor and UT administrator VP Singh Badnore was the first to get the shot at the dispensary in Sector 7. (HT Photo)
Punjab governor and UT administrator VP Singh Badnore was the first to get the shot at the dispensary in Sector 7. (HT Photo)

Hope for safe future drives people to vaccination centres in Chandigarh

By Amanjeet Singh Salyal, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 12:44 AM IST
Commoners, couples, those with travel plans and VIPs were seen waiting for their turns as the vaccination drive for elderly kicked off in the city on Monday
Close
The teachers of Panjab University will also go on mass casual leave on March 4. (HT FILE PHOTO)
The teachers of Panjab University will also go on mass casual leave on March 4. (HT FILE PHOTO)

PU, college teachers to boycott exams, evaluation on March 4

By HT Correspondent, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 12:33 AM IST
Protesting against Punjab’s move to delink pay scales from those of UGC, the teachers are pressing for implementation of the 7th Central Pay Commission
Close
In September last year, the administration had notified a hike in water tariff, ranging from 50% to 200%, depending on the category of users and consumption levels. (HT File Photo)
In September last year, the administration had notified a hike in water tariff, ranging from 50% to 200%, depending on the category of users and consumption levels. (HT File Photo)

Water tariff hike: Chandigarh MC to rationalise rates

By HT Correspondent, Chandigarh
PUBLISHED ON MAR 02, 2021 12:32 AM IST
Rather than asking the administration to shelve the entire notification, the MC will recommend specific amendments in the rates
Close
Punjab governor and UT administrator VP Singh Badnore was the first to get the jab at the dispensary in Sector 7, where only five people turned up. (HT Photo)
Punjab governor and UT administrator VP Singh Badnore was the first to get the jab at the dispensary in Sector 7, where only five people turned up. (HT Photo)

Third vaccination round: 556 jabbed in Chandigarh on Day 1

By HT Correspondent, Chandigarh
UPDATED ON MAR 02, 2021 12:51 AM IST
As many as 556 people were vaccinated against Covid-19 in Chandigarh as the nationwide drive entered the third phase on Monday
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP