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Early baldness, greying of hair ups risk of heart disease in men

Researchers say baldness and premature greying should be considered risk factors for coronary artery disease.

fitness Updated: Nov 30, 2017 12:35 IST
Asian News International
Heart disease risk factors,Heart diseases,Balding reasons
The study found that male-pattern baldness was associated with a 5.6 times greater risk of coronary artery disease.(Getty Images/iStockphoto)

Male-pattern baldness and premature greying of hair is linked to more than five-fold risk of heart disease before the age of 40 years than obesity, warns a recent study. Obesity is associated with a four-fold risk of early heart disease.

Study author Dr Sachin Patil from the UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India said the incidence of coronary artery disease in young men is increasing, but cannot be explained by traditional risk factors.

“Premature greying and androgenic alopecia (male-pattern baldness) correlate well with vascular age irrespective of chronological age and are plausible risk factors for coronary artery disease,” Patil added.

The study investigated the association of premature hair greying and alopecia patterns in young Indian men with coronary artery disease, which included 790 men, aged less than 40 years, with coronary artery disease and 1,270 age-matched healthy men who acted as a control group.

Study author Dr Sachin Patil from the UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India said the incidence of coronary artery disease in young men is increasing, but cannot be explained by traditional risk factors.

All the participants had a clinical history taken, electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, blood tests and coronary angiogram.

The findings indicated that young men with coronary artery disease had a higher prevalence of premature greying (50% versus 30%) and male-pattern baldness (49% versus 27%) compared to healthy controls.

After adjusting for age and other cardiovascular risk factors, male-pattern baldness was associated with a 5.6 times greater risk of coronary artery disease (95% confidence interval [CI] 4.0-7.8, p<0.0001) and premature greying was associated with a 5.3 times greater risk (95% CI 3.7-7.5, p<0.0001).

Principal investigator Dr Kamal Sharma said, “Baldness and premature greying should be considered risk factors for coronary artery disease.”

Dr K Sarat Chandra, CSI President Elect, said, “It is an established fact that premature coronary artery disease is becoming more common in India with each passing day. We do not know the exact reasons behind this.”

The research is presented at the 69th Annual Conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI) in Kolkata, India, from November 30 to December 3.

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First Published: Nov 30, 2017 12:35 IST