The patient may feel giddy or faint.
The skin feels cold and clammy.
The face and lips look pale.
The pulse may be rapid and weak.
The patient may complain of blurring of vision.
The patient may vomit.
In the later stages of shock the patient becomes unconscious.
1. Reassure the patient if the patient is conscious.
2. Place the patient comfortably on his back. Except in cases of injury to the head, chest or abdomen, lower the head slightly and turn to one side. In case of vomiting, place in three-quarter back up position.
3. Loosen tight clothing but do not remove clothing.
4. Wrap in light bed sheet or a thin rug.
5. Never use hot water bottles or very warm rugs. Do not rub any part of the body with anything.
6. Do not administer anything by mouth especially in cases of injuries to the chest or abdomen, as an operation may be required soon.
7. If the patient is conscious and there is no injury to the chest or abdomen, give a little water, hot coffee or tea. Never give any alcoholic drinks.
8. Transport the patient quickly to the hospital.
9. Remember that in shock a delay of even a few minutes may mean death. So attend to the patient as quickly as possible.