Here’s how oropharyngeal secretions may help cut false negative Covid-19 test results
Testing of secretions from the mouth and pharynx of a person may reduce the number of false negative Covid-19 results from nasal swab tests of patients who have seemingly recovered from the disease.Updated: Jul 04, 2020 11:32 IST
Testing of secretions from the mouth and pharynx of a person may reduce the number of false negative COVID-19 results from nasal swab tests of patients who have seemingly recovered from the disease, according to a study.
In the study, published in the Journal of Dental Research, a small number of patients that had tested negative through nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) were found to be positive through the testing of oropharyngeal secretions.
It included 75 ready-for-discharge COVID-19 patients who tested negative using two consecutive nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) of viral samples retrieved with NPS, according to the researchers from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China.
Because of detection of potential false-negatives in that cohort, NAAT results of paired OS and NPS samples collected from 50 additional COVID-19 recruits during their recovery stage were used in a second prospective study to compare the diagnostic values of the two viral RNA sampling methods.
Oropharyngeal secretions obtained from two of the 75 subjects in the first study yielded positive results for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid, the researchers said.
In the second study, OS samples were significantly more sensitive for detection of the virus than NPS samples, and missed only 14 per cent of positive cases compared with 59 per cent for the NPS samples.
Sampling of OS is a simple procedure that can be performed in any quarantine setting and minimises contact between healthcare workers and patients, thereby reducing the risk of virus transmission.
“The NPS test has a risk of sending home more patients who still have the infection while the OS test will make such errors in fewer patients,” said Jingzhi Ma, from Huazhong University of Science and Technology.
“Although OS sampling improves the accuracy of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing, it must be emphasised that this conclusion is based on a very small sample size,” said Ma.
(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)