‘Better rural roads led to job opportunities in India’: World Bank report | Latest News India - Hindustan Times
close_game
close_game

‘Better rural roads led to job opportunities in India’: World Bank report

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By
Jun 19, 2019 07:04 AM IST

According to the World Bank report, improved road connectivity has “triggered a shift from farm to non-farm employment” and “women stepped out of the house to take care of their farms”

A World Bank report has hailed India’s rural road scheme, saying it has improved mobility, increased access to economic opportunities and boosted attendance of children in schools. It also claims the number of babies delivered at home has come down substantially in areas connected through rural roads, a major improvement in the health sector.

The report evaluates the impact of the flagship Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) in three states —Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Image used for representational purpose only.(AP file photo)
The report evaluates the impact of the flagship Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) in three states —Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Image used for representational purpose only.(AP file photo)

The report, submitted to the union rural development ministry last week, evaluates the impact of the flagship Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) in three states —Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan— based on data collected between 2009 and 2017.

Hindustan Times - your fastest source for breaking news! Read now.

Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had launched the PMGSY scheme in 2000 to improve connectivity in rural India. So far, more than 6 lakh kms of rural roads have been constructed across the states. To fund this scheme, the Centre earmarked Rs 0.75/ per litre cess on high-speed diesel.

According to the World Bank report, improved road connectivity has “triggered a shift from farm to non-farm employment” and “women stepped out of the house to take care of their farms”, indicating better employment opportunities for the rural households.

“...As a consequence of PMGSY roads, the rate of primary employment in the non-farm sector increased by about 12 percentage points in the habitations studied,” the study revealed. While most workers who switched to non-farm jobs were men, women stepped out of their houses to take care of the farm because of better roads. The report concludes that the entry of women was the main factor behind the rise of employment in connected habitations.

The report assumes significance as Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government has drawn criticism over rising joblessness in the country. After he assumed office for the second term, PM Modi has constituted a cabinet committee to tackle the issue of unemployment.

The report says that the impact of better roads on employment had a relation with distance from urban centres. In places that are 10 kms away from a rural area, employment opportunity increased by 6 percentage points.

Another key aspect of the presence of roads could be seen in the education sector as on average, students in middle and high schools had “0.7 more years of schooling in 2017”.

Rural development secretary Amarjeet Sinha said, “PMGSY has changed the face of rural India along with schemes for housing, cooking gas and National Rural Livelihood Mission [a poverty alleviation programme].”

Unveiling Elections 2024: The Big Picture', a fresh segment in HT's talk show 'The Interview with Kumkum Chadha', where leaders across the political spectrum discuss the upcoming general elections. Watch now!

Get Current Updates on India News, Election 2024, Mukhtar Ansari Death News Live, Bihar Board 10th Result 2024 Live along with Latest News and Top Headlines from India and around the world.
SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Share this article
SHARE
Story Saved
Live Score
OPEN APP
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Saturday, March 30, 2024
Start 14 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now
Follow Us On