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Career focus: Psychology

It is a science that deals with mental processes and it is concerned with the way the mind works.
None | By Susmita Mukherjee, New Delhi
UPDATED ON JUL 25, 2006 04:58 PM IST

Psychology is a science that deals with mental processes and behaviour. It is the study of the mind and the thought process. And in doing so, you find yourself exploring a whole new world of reasoning.

What it is:
Psychology is concerned with the way the mind works. Psychologists study the processes, motives, reactions, feelings and nature of the human mind. Their treatment is based on changing the behavioural patterns of a person without medication. They take up counselling and help people by bringing about changes in their thought processes.

What you need:
Psychologists need not have a medical degree. But they have to study for years to specialise in aspects of psychology. One can pursue psychology at the Plus Two level, graduate, postgraduate and doctorate level.


Reading the mind

These institutes offer courses in psychology:

• Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

• University of Delhi. New Delhi

• Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra

• Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak

• Jai Narayan Vyas University, Jodhpur

• University of Ajmer, Ajmer

• Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar

• South Gujarat University, Surat

• Utkal University, Bhubaneswar


here are specialisations in many fields such as social psychology, child psychology, occupational psychology, clinical psychology, educational psychology and experimental psychology, among others.

Specialisation in the subject can be pursued at the postgraduate level or at the doctorate level — MPhil or PhD, after postgraduation.

At the Master's and doctorate level, education becomes increasingly specialised.

Postgraduate courses in psychology are offered only to students who have graduated with psychology.

Where you head to after your course depends entirely on your field of specialisation. Your job opportunities may vary from schools and colleges to government agencies or hospitals, clinics or private practices.
You could specialise in areas like:

Clinical psychology: Clinical psychologists work in counselling centres, independent or group practices, hospitals, community health centres or clinics. They help mentally and emotionally disturbed clients adjust to life and may help medical and surgical patients deal with illnesses or injuries.

Counselling psychology: Counselling is the skill of helping normal people, through discussion, to decide how best to cope in specific situations. Counselling psychologists deals with people who have serious emotional and personal problems.

Social psychology: Social psychologists work with social organisations and institutions in research, systems design or other fields of applied psychology.

Educational psychology: They work in schools and colleges with teachers, students, parents and administrators to resolve students' learning and behaviour problems.

Industrial psychology: Industrial psychologists work for business, industry or government. They advise companies on ways of getting consumers interested in services.

Research psychology: As researchers, psychologists proceed like scientists. They investigate the physical, cognitive, emotional, or social aspects of human behaviour.

Developmental psychology: They study the physiological, cognitive and social development that takes place throughout life.

Remuneration in the corporate sector is the highest. At entry level, it varies from Rs 5,000 to Rs 8,000. Established consultants can earn between Rs 8,000 to Rs10,000 or more.

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