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Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front

has demanded holding a plebiscite in J&K and secession from India.

india Updated: Oct 02, 2002 22:33 IST

The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) was formed on May 5, 1977 in the United Kingdon by Amanullah Khan. The JKLF says that Kashmir is not a territorial property of India or Pakistan and aims for a free state and is aggressively taking up Kashmiri cause in UK and other countries in the Gulf. JKLF was among the first organisation that support armed movement against Indian forces in the Kashmir valley.

The JKLF however suffered a series of setbacks including the arrest of all its top leaders in August 1990 and later a split led by Yasin Malik who formed a parallel outfit claiming it to be the real JKLF in September 1995. Even today the two factions of JKLF exist one led by Amanullah Khan and the other by Yasin Malik.

Yasin Malik who was arrested and jailed for about seven years on his release in 1994 had declared that his faction would renounce violence to acheive its goal for independence to Jammu and Kashmir.

JKLF carried out various terrorist activities, including the hijacking of an Indian Airlines aircraft in 1971. Altaf and Hashim Qureshi, two prominent leaders had hijacked the plane. Maqbul Butt, one of the co-founders of the outfit and who had escaped from a jail in India in December 1968, was reportedly involved in planning the hijacking.

The JKLF has demanded conducting a plebiscite in J&K but has made no effort to conceal its preference for an independent, sovereign State. This latter position is in direct conflict with Pakistan's contention that Kashmir in its entirety belongs to it.

Both the JKLFs share a common goal, self-determination for the people of Jammu and Kashmir.
Amanullah Khan's JKLF promotes itself as an outfit conducting the struggle on three fronts –– political, diplomatic and armed struggle against Indian security forces. Their activities were, in large measure, confined to propagating the cause of a plebiscite in J&K and mobilising international support for this objective.

The main pillars of the political ideology of JKLF are:
(I) That Jammu Kashmir State, spread over about 217,000 sq. kms. and comprising Indian occupied areas (Kashmir Valley, Jammu and Ladakh provinces), Pakistani controlled parts i.e. Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan is an indivisible political entity and that the State or any part of it is not a constitutional part of India or Pakistan or of any other country.

(2) That Kashmir issue is not a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan but concerns the issue of letting Kashmiris exercise their inherent, internationally recognised, pledged, fully deserved and unfettered right of self-determination.

(3) That the right of self-determination of a nation can not be limited, conditioned or circumscribed.

(4) That no solution of Kashmir issue, not based on free and unfettered will of atleast the majority of the people of the entire State, can be termed as an equitable one.

(5) That the best solution of the issue is to re-unite the divided Jammu Kashmir State and make it a fully independent and truly democratic sovereign State. (However we concede that the final status of the State should be subject to the approval by the majority of the people of the entire State through a free and unfettered expression of their will even if such approval is to be taken after independence.)

(6) That all citizens of the entire State should enjoy equal political, economic and social rights and freedom of expression and faith, irrespective of their race, religion, region, culture and sex. 20 YEARS OF JKLF 3 The sole objective of JKLF is to struggle, by all means allowed to the subjugated peoples by the UN under its General Assembly Resolution No. 2621, to enable Jammu Kashmir State to obtain a respectable place in the comity of free nations.

At present JKLF is established in all the districts and tehsils of Pakistan occupied Kashmir, in Gilgit, Diamer and Skardu Districts of Gilgit-Baltistan and in the main cities of Pakistan. The JKLF is well established with over 20 units throughout the UK and have branches in Holland, Belgium, France, Germany, Denmark, Norway and Sweden though not very active.

First Published: Oct 02, 2002 19:23 IST