January 18 - the day over the years
Today is Tuesday, January 18, the eighteenth day of 2005.
There are 348 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1520 - King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunden and subsequently conquers Sweden.
1535 - The city of Lima, capital of Peru, is founded by Spanish conquistadors on the central Pacific coast of South America.
1701 - Brandenburg's Frederick III is crowned Frederick I, King of Prussia.
1778 - English navigator Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, which he dubbed the "Sandwich Islands."
1788 - The first English settlers arrive in Australia's Botany Bay to establish a penal colony.
1911 - The first landing of an aircraft on a ship takes place as pilot Eugene B Ely flew onto the deck of the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco harbor.
1912 - English explorer Robert F Scott and his expedition reach the South Pole, only to discover Norwegian Roald Amundsen had gotten there first.
1915 - With the European powers preoccupied with World War I, Japan secretly presents China with Twenty-one Demands for privileges.
1919 - The World War I Peace Congress opens in Versailles, France.
1943 - The Soviets announce they had broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad.
1952 - Anti-British riots break out in Egypt.
1968 - US, USSR agree on draft treaty to control nuclear weapons.
1977 - Australia's worst rail crash, at Granville, Sydney, kills 83 when train hits concrete bridge.
1992 - More than 100,000 people attend Kenya's first legal anti-government rally in 22 years.
1995 - A US jury awards more than 9,000 victims of torture under the regime of Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos with $766 million from the Marcos estate.
1997 - Norway's Boerge Ousland emerges on the Pacific edge of Antarctica to become the first person to cross the continent alone and unaided.
1998 - Hutu rebels attack the capital of Burundi, sending 4,000 residents fleeing. Two rebels and three soldiers are killed in the fighting.
1999 - Brazil lets its currency float freely, opting to use austerity measures to keep spending in check.
2000 - Helmut Kohl resigns as honorary chairman of the Christian Democratic Union, brought down by a campaign financing scandal that marks the stunning denouement of one of Europe's most respected statesmen and the man who reunited Germany.
2001 - Helicopters lower rescuers into the crater of a volcano in San Salvador, El Salvador after voices are heard there, reviving unlikely hopes that a group of peasants thrown from the crater's rim might still be alive. Nearly 700 people were killed by the earthquake.
2002 - The Sierra Leone government declares the country's 11-year-old civil war, which killed about 50,000 people - mostly civilians - over.
2004 - A suicide bomber sets off a truck bomb at the gates of the US-led coalition headquarters killing about 20 people and wounding 63 in the deadliest attack here since Saddam Hussein's capture last month.
Francois Michel Detellier, French statesman (1641-1691)
Cary Grant, US actor (1904-1986)
Chun Doo-hwan, South Korean president (1931--)
Jacob Porat, painter (1935--)
Paul Keating, Australian prime minister (1944--)
Kevin Costner, US actor/director (1955--)
Jesse L Martin, US actor (1969--)
Monica Bedi, Actress