Tiny baby girl born weighing 400 gm survives in Udaipur
Seeta, who turned seven months old on Thursday, is one of the smallest babies to survive in India. Doctors at Jivanta Children’s Hospital call her a “miracle baby” who fought against all the odds and won.Updated: Jan 12, 2018 09:00 IST
A premature baby girl born weighing 400 grams survived and gained weight, thanks to efforts of doctors at Jivanta Children’s Hospital in Udaipur and determination of her parents.
The healthy weight for newborns is 2.5 kg and above.
Seeta, who turned seven months old on Thursday, is one of the smallest babies to survive in India. Doctors at Jivanta Children’s Hospital call her a “miracle baby” who fought against all the odds and won.
A baby, Rajni, weighing 450 grams, was reported to have survived at Mohali in Chandigarh in 2012.
Born to a couple married for 35 years, Seeta was delivered when her mother developed uncontrollable high blood pressure during her pregnancy and sonography revealed foetoplacental insufficiency (restricted blood flow to the foetus). The average length of gestation is 40 weeks (20 days).
Seeta was born through an emergency caesarean section on June 15, 2017, weighing 400 gram and measuring 8.6 inches, her feet slightly bigger than a fingernail. She was not breathing when she was born, but her family decided to fight to keep her alive, doctors said.
Seeta was immediately shifted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the hospital, and kept under the care of Dr Sunil Janged, Dr Nikhilesh Nain and trained nursing staff.
“When the baby was born, we were uncertain of what could happen,” said Dr Sunil Janged, chief neonatologist at the hospital, who headed the team that looked after her in NICU. She was in the NICU for almost 210 days and was discharged on Thursday, weighing close to 2.4 kg.
To salvage a baby of this size was challenging. She was put on advanced respiratory support to help her breathe. Since her guts were immature, she was given total parenteral nutrition to ensure she got all the essential nutrients, such as amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals, multivitamins and trace elements directly into blood circulation, doctors said.
“Premature babies this small need medical support for survival and the failure of any one system can kill the baby. The babies that small have less than 0.5 % chance of survival without brain damage,” said Dr Pradeep Suryawanshi, senior neonatology professor at Bharti University, Pune.
The initial days were difficult as her birth weight dropped but she gradually started digesting a few drops of milk. She was able to digest milk when she was seven weeks old; she could drink from spoon after four and a half months.
“The biggest challenge for our team was to prevent any infection to the baby and our team managed it very well. She required multiple blood transfusions during her NICU stay,” said Janged.
“We are grateful to Seeta and her family and we appreciate them for setting a new example to the community. Rajasthan where the girls, still considered a burden, are thrown into the trash immediately after birth or are left in the orphanage. The couple treated their baby girl who had negligible chance of survival ,” added Dr Ajay Gambhir, former president of the Neonatology Forum of India.
“It is the latest technology, hi-end equipment and the expertise of NICU team that has produced this phenomenal result,” said Dr SK Tak, head of paediatrics department, Ananta Medical College.
“If such premature baby has survived, then it’s no short of a miracle because babies that are under 24 weeks or not beyond 600 gm rarely survive in India. Such babies also face the risk of physical or mental deformities in future, so one has to weigh risk and benefits before attempting resuscitation,” said a gynaecologist at AIIMS, Delhi.