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Chandrayaan-3 news highlights: Next stop - Moon! Tilting the lander is a ‘trick' at play now

Chandrayaan-3 news Updates: ISRO announced the successful separation of the Vikram lander module carrying Pragyan rover from propulsion module on Thursday.
Chandrayaan 3 updates
Chandrayaan 3 updates

Chandrayaan-3 Landing news Updates: India's Chandrayaan-3 mission achieved another significant milestone in its lunar exploration journey. On Thursday, the 'Vikram' lander module of the spacecraft, carrying Pragyan rover inside, successfully detached from the propulsion module, propelling the mission forward. The successful landing of Chandrayaan 3 will make India the fourth country in the world to achieve the feat, joining the ranks of the United States, Russia, and China. However, no other country has ever touched down on the lunar South Pole....Read More

Follow all the updates here:
Aug 17, 2023 10:10 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: What are the lander and rover capable of?

  1. The lander has the capability to soft land at a specified lunar site and deploy the rover that will carry out in-situ chemical analysis of the moon's surface during the course of its mobility.
  2. The lander and the rover have scientific payloads to carry out experiments on the lunar surface.
Aug 17, 2023 8:52 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: Where would India's rank be if ‘Vikram’ lands successfully on Moon

If the Chandrayaan-3 mission succeeds in landing a robotic lunar rover in ISRO's second attempt in four years, India will become the fourth country to master the technology of soft-landing on the moon's surface after the US, China and the former Soviet Union.

The race to the uncharted south pole of the Moon is also hotting up with Russia's Luna-25 also gearing up for lunar landings next week. The proximity, possible overlap, of their landing dates -- August 21-23 for Luna-25 and August 23-24 for Chandrayaan-3 -- has heightened excitement in the scientific community worldwide.

Aug 17, 2023 7:10 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: Next action before landing on lunar surface

After Thursday's separation, the lander is expected to undergo a "deboost" (the process of slowing down) to place it in an orbit, where the Perilune (the orbit's closest point to the Moon) is 30 kilometres and Apolune (farthest point from the Moon) is 100 km, from where the soft landing on the south polar region of the Moon will be attempted, ISRO sources said.

Meanwhile, the Propulsion Module will continue its journey in the current orbit for months/years, the country's space agency said.

Aug 17, 2023 5:53 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: What is the between India and Russia

Luna-25's launch on August 11 was facilitated by a robust Soyuz-2 Fregat booster, while ISRO selected the Launch Vehicle Mark-III for the Chandrayaan-3 mission launched on July 14.

Notably, Luna-25 benefits from excess fuel storage, eliminating concerns about fuel efficiency. This advantage allows Luna-25 to pursue a more direct trajectory, Dr K Sivan, former ISRO chairperson told to PTI. In contrast, Chandrayaan-3's limited fuel-carrying capacity necessitated a more circuitous route to reach the Moon.

Furthermore, Luna-25 boasts a leaner lift-off mass of 1,750 kilograms, significantly lighter than Chandrayaan-3's 3,800 kilograms. This reduced mass empowers Luna-25 to achieve acceleration more efficiently.

Aug 17, 2023 4:46 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: What did ISRO chief say about Moon landing?

  1. ISRO Chairman S Somanath had recently said the most critical part of the landing is the process of bringing the velocity of the lander from 30 km height to the final landing
  2. The ability to transfer the spacecraft from horizontal to vertical direction is the "trick we have to play" here. 
  3. "The velocity at the starting of the landing process is almost 1.68 km per second, but this speed is horizontal to the surface of the moon. The Chandrayaan-3 here is tilted almost 90 degrees, it has to become vertical. So, this whole process of turning from horizontal to vertical is a very interesting calculation mathematically. We have done a lot of simulations. It is here where we had the problem last time (Chandrayaan-2)," Somanath explained.
Aug 17, 2023 4:14 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: Apart from exploring Moon, mission aims to find life in exo-planets; check out how

After carrying out its key task – giving a ride to lander module close to Moon – the propulsion module is assigned to search for extraterrestrial life on exo-planets beyond our solar system, using the Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload. Read more

Aug 17, 2023 3:36 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: A timeline of mission's key milestones

The separation of both lander and propulsion modules has taken Chandrayaan-3 mission closer to its key milestone – soft landing on lunar surface. Let's take a look at the mission's key achievements so far throughout is journey since the successful launch. Read more

Aug 17, 2023 3:10 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: Vikram lander says thanks to mothercraft for the ride

India's Chandrayaan-3 mission marked another giant leap in its lunar quest as the 'Vikram' lander module of the spacecraft successfully separated from the propulsion module on Thursday. Read more

Aug 17, 2023 3:00 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: What President Murmu said about the Moon mission

President Droupadi Murmu on Monday lauded the Chadrayaan-3 moon mission - India's third lunar mission - while addressing the nation on the eve of 77th Independence Day, saying it is a “stepping stone for India's future space programs”. Lauding the space sector, the President said, “The aspirations of the new India have infinite dimensions.” Read more

Aug 17, 2023 2:37 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: Look back to the day when third Moon mission set off

India’s third moon craft successfully blasted off on Friday afternoon from Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota spaceport, marking the first stage of a complicated 40-day mission that aims to vault the country into an elite club of nations that have successfully landed on the lunar surface. Read more

Aug 17, 2023 2:26 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: Lessons on landing from second Moon mission

ISRO has worked hard to ensure that the landing goes well; after all, four years ago, the second mission, Chandrayaan-2, was a success till that stage. Isro officials have termed that mission a “part failure” because while the lander and rover of the spacecraft did not complete its scientific objectives, the orbiter was injected into the lunar orbit and continues to provide key data and pictures from the moon. Read more

Aug 17, 2023 2:08 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: What will the propulsion module do?

The Propulsion Module continues its journey in the current orbit for months/years, says ISRO.

The SHAPE payload onboard it would:

• Perform spectroscopic study of the Earth’s atmosphere and

• Measure the variations in polarization from the clouds on Earth

• To accumulate signatures of Exoplanets that would qualify for our habitability!

This payload is SHAPEd by U R Rao Satellite Centre/ISRO, Bengaluru.

Aug 17, 2023 2:04 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 live news: What's next in the ISRO's mission now?

The Vikram lander will now begin the final phase of Moon voyage without the propulsion module. The next Lander Module (Deorbit 1) move is scheduled for tomorrow (August 18) around 1600 hrs IST.

Aug 17, 2023 1:51 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news live: ‘Thanks for the ride, mate!' says lander module

‘Thanks for the ride, mate! said the Lander Module (LM).

LM is successfully separated from the Propulsion Module (PM). LM is set to descend to a slightly lower orbit upon a deboosting planned for tomorrow around 4pm IST, ISRO said.

Aug 17, 2023 1:30 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news live: Vikram lander must be with the landing speed limits of …

Vikram Lander's touchdown specifications

• Landing craft maximum mass at Lunar touchdown: 800 kg

• Vertical Velocity: ≤ 2 m/sec

• Horizontal Velocity: ≤ 0.5 m/sec

• Slope: ≤ 12 degree

Touchdown test limits for Vikram Lander

• Vertical Velocity: ≤ 3.0 m/sec (10.8km/hr)

• Horizontal Velocity: ≤ 1.0 m/sec

• Slope: ≤ 12 degree

Aug 17, 2023 1:23 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news live: Brace for the most crtical phase post-lander separation

Chandrayaan-3 has to decrease its speed from about 1.68km/s (6,048km/hr) horizontally, changing direction to make the craft vertical and finally bringing it to zero after making a soft landing on the lunar surface, “this is the most critical task,” said the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chief S Somanath. The lander's touchdown test limit is only ≤ 3.0 m/sec (10.8km/hr) vertical velocity.

Read our report on Chandrayaan-3 most critical phase

Aug 17, 2023 1:14 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 latest updates: ISRO chief bold statement on the Indian Lunar mission

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman S Somanath said that the lander of India’s third lunar mission Chandrayaan-3, Vikram, will be able to make a soft-landing on the Moon's surface on August 23 even if all the sensors and two of its engines do not work.

Read our report on ISRO Chief S Somanath statement on the mission robustness

Aug 17, 2023 1:03 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news live: Cost of the ISRO's mission

 

Chandrayaan-3 Live Updates: The approved cost of Chandrayaan-3 is 250 crores (excluding launch vehicle cost). According to LiveMint, citing reports, the launch services cost at around 365 crore.

Aug 17, 2023 12:50 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news live: What went wrong with Chandrayaan-2?

The Chandrayaan-2 mission faced a setback on September 7, 2019, when the Vikram lander deviated from its intended path during the landing attempt, resulting in a loss of communication with the lander carrying the Pragyan rover.

Despite this unforeseen outcome, the orbiter component of Chandrayaan-2 remains operational, orbiting the moon and gathering valuable scientific information. This mission marks a significant milestone in India's space exploration endeavours.

Aug 17, 2023 12:42 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 vs Chandrayaan-2: Key differences

Differences between Chandrayaan-3 and its predecessor, Chandrayaan-2:

Orbiter Exclusion:

• Chandrayaan-3 skips carrying an orbiter, unlike Chandrayaan-2.

• Chandrayaan-2's orbiter remains operational, providing valuable data.

Enhanced Launch Capability:

• Launched via LVM3 (previously GSLV Mk III), Chandrayaan-3 gains powerful launch capability.

• Increased fuel capacity allows extra maneuvers and extended travel.

• Reinforced landing legs ensure safer and more stable lunar touchdown.

Improved Instrumentation:

• Upgraded sensors and larger solar panels characterize Chandrayaan-3.

• Increased solar panel size generates more energy for onboard systems.

• Introduction of 'Laser Doppler VelociMeter' to accurately measure spacecraft speed.

Enhanced Algorithm and Software:

• Chandrayaan-3 benefits from lessons learned from Chandrayaan-2.

• Algorithm and software refined to mitigate software glitches.

• Landing target area expanded from 500x500m to 4x2.4km for added flexibility.

Propulsion Module and Payload:

• Chandrayaan-3's propulsion module transports lander and rover to a 100km lunar orbit.

• Includes Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload for studying smaller planets.

Aug 17, 2023 12:33 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 and Russia’s Luna-25: race to Moon's south pole heats up

The race to the uncharted south pole of the Moon is quickening with India’s Chandrayaan-3 and Russia's Luna-25 gearing up for lunar landings next week, each mission holding significant implications beyond the thrilling competition in the skies.

While Chandrayaan-3 plans to be the first to land on the Moon's south pole, Luna-25's swift trajectory has cast new light, say experts as anticipation builds up. The proximity, possible overlap, of their landing dates -- August 21-23 for Luna-25 and August 23-24 for Chandrayaan-3 -- has intensified global scrutiny.

Aug 17, 2023 12:06 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 explained: What are the objectives of the Indian Moon mission?

• Safe and soft landing demonstration on lunar surface

• Rover roving demonstration on the moon

• Execution of in-situ scientific experiments

Aug 17, 2023 12:05 PM IST

Chandrayaan-3 landing news: Pragyan rover to leave imprints of ISRO, national emblem on Moon

The rear wheels of the rover, named Pragyan, leave imprints of the ISRO and the national emblem, depicting the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, on the lunar surface – symbolising its presence and leaving India’s mark behind.

Read the detailed story on Chandrayaan-3 Pragyan rover

Aug 17, 2023 11:54 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 landing news: Why Moon's south pole is such a valued target?

 

Although the south pole of the Moon has challenging terrain for landing, it is a highly valued target because scientists believe it could contain substantial amounts of ice, potentially useful for extracting fuel, oxygen, and even drinking water.

Aug 17, 2023 11:52 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 latest updates: Where is the Indian lunar mission spacecraft?

Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft is in an orbit of 153 km x 163 km after the firing on August 16. Next the lander module will separate from propulsion module.

Aug 17, 2023 11:39 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 or Russia's Luna 25: Which lander will touch the Lunar surface first?

Roscosmos stated that its Luna 25 spacecraft will take about five days to travel to the Moon. It will then spend around five to seven days in lunar orbit before descending to one of three potential landing sites near the pole, reported Reuters.

This timeline indicates that Russia's mission could reach the lunar surface around the same time as or shortly before the Indian mission.

Roscosmos, however, assured that the two missions won't interfere with each other, as they have separate landing areas planned. The Russian Space Agency stated, “There is no danger that they interfere with each other or collide. There is enough space for everyone on the moon,” Reuters added.

Read report: Chandrayaan-3 vs Luna 25

Aug 17, 2023 11:26 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 launch video: Revisit the historic moment

LVM3 M4 vehicle successfully launched Chandrayaan-3 into orbit heralding its historic journey to the Moon. 

Aug 17, 2023 11:08 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 latest updates: ISRO chief concern for the 100km journey

"Up to 100 km we do not see any difficulty. The issues are only in estimation of the position of the lander accurately from earth. This measurement is a very critical measurement, we call it the orbit determination process. If it is correct, the rest of the process can be done," ISRO Chief Somanath has said.

Read the detailed story on Chandrayaan-3 mission's critical phase

Aug 17, 2023 10:53 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news: After Indian mission and Russia's Luna 25, list of future Moon exploration programmes

• SLIM - JAXA (Japan) Lunar Lander (Launch: August 26, 2023):

Peregrine Mission 1 - NASA CLPS Lunar Lander (Launch: 2023):

• IM-1 - NASA CLPS Lunar Lander (Launch: 2023):

• Lunar Trailblazer - NASA Lunar Orbiting Small Satellite (Launch: 2023):

• Prime 1 - NASA CLPS Lunar Lander (Launch: November 2023):

• Griffin Mission 1 - VIPER - NASA Lunar South Pole Rover (Launch: November 2024):

• Intuitive Machines 3 - NASA Lunar Lander and Rovers (Launch: 2024):

• Blue Ghost 1 - NASA Lunar Lander (Launch: 2023):

Chang'e 6 - CNSA (China) Lunar Sample Return Mission (Launch: 2024)

Read in detail: Future Moon exploration mission 

Aug 17, 2023 10:44 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 mission detailed timeline

• July 6: ISRO announces Mission Chandrayaan-3 launch date of July 14 from Sriharikota's second pad.

• July 7: Successful vehicle electrical tests completed.

• July 11: Comprehensive 24-hour 'Launch Rehearsal' simulating the entire launch process concludes.

• July 14: LVM3 M4 vehicle launches Chandrayaan-3 into designated orbit.

• July 15: First orbit-raising manoeuvre successful, reaching 41762 km x 173 km orbit.

• July 17: Second orbit-raising manoeuvre places Chandrayaan-3 at 41603 km x 226 km orbit.

• July 22: Fourth orbit-raising manoeuvre establishes spacecraft in 71351 km x 233 km orbit.

• July 25: Another successful orbit-raising manoeuvre.

• August 1: Chandrayaan-3 inserted into translunar orbit (288 km x 369328 km).

• August 5: Successful lunar orbit insertion (164 km x 18074 km).

• August 6: Lunar orbit lowered to 170 km x 4,313 km.

• August 9: ISRO carefully moves the spacecraft's path lower in its orbit around the moon. It has achieved a lunar orbit of 174 km x 1437 km

• August 14: Chandrayaan-3 gets closer to the moon's surface in another controlled bringing it in a orbit of 150 km x 177 km

• August 16: The Indian spacecraft performs the fifth and final Moon-bound manoeuvre positioning itself in a near circular Lunar orbit of 163*153 km.

• August 17: The landing module, comprising the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover, will separate from its propulsion system.

• Over the next few days, the Chandrayaan-3 will make the final orbit adjustment by reducing it to be around 100*30 km, the farthest and nearest point from the moon respectively.

• August 23: If everything goes well, planned lunar touchdown attempt at 5:47pm where the spacecraft will travel the last 30km distance.

Aug 17, 2023 10:24 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 vs Luna 25: A comparison

1. Launch Vehicles:

- Luna-25 was launched on August 11 using a Soyuz-2 Fregat booster.

- Chandrayaan-3, launched on July 14, employed the Launch Vehicle Mark-III chosen by ISRO.

2. Fuel Efficiency:

- Luna-25 benefits from surplus fuel storage, eliminating fuel efficiency concerns.

- Chandrayaan-3, with limited fuel capacity, needed a circuitous route due to fuel constraints.

3. Lift-off Mass:

- Luna-25 possesses a leaner lift-off mass of 1,750 kilograms.

- In contrast, Chandrayaan-3's mass is 3,800 kilograms, significantly heavier.

- Luna-25's reduced mass allows for more efficient acceleration capabilities.

Aug 17, 2023 10:20 AM IST

Luna 25 latest status: Where is the Russian Lunar spacecraft?

As Chandrayaan-3 continues to draw closer to its targeted lunar touchdown, another contender in lunar exploration, Luna-25, the Russian lunar mission launched just last week, has successfully entered lunar orbit and is gearing up for a soft landing attempt on the lunar surface between August 21 and 23.

Aug 17, 2023 10:10 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 updates: What next after Vikram lander separation?

After separation, the lander is expected to undergo a "deboost" (the process of slowing down) to place it in an orbit where the Perilune (closest point to the Moon) is 30 kilometres and Apolune (farthest point from the Moon) is 100 km. From this orbit, the soft landing on the south polar region of the Moon will be attempted on August 23.

Aug 17, 2023 10:00 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 latest updates: Vikram lander to separate from propulsion module today

"Today’s successful firing, needed for a short duration, has put Chandrayaan-3 into an orbit of 153 km x 163 km, as intended. With this, the lunar-bound manoeuvres are completed. It's time for preparations as the Propulsion Module and the Lander Module gear up for their separate journeys," ISRO said on Wednesday.

Aug 17, 2023 11:39 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 or Russia's Luna 25: Which lander will touch the Lunar surface first?

Roscosmos stated that its Luna 25 spacecraft will take about five days to travel to the Moon. It will then spend around five to seven days in lunar orbit before descending to one of three potential landing sites near the pole, reported Reuters.

This timeline indicates that Russia's mission could reach the lunar surface around the same time as or shortly before the Indian mission.

Roscosmos, however, assured that the two missions won't interfere with each other, as they have separate landing areas planned. The Russian Space Agency stated, “There is no danger that they interfere with each other or collide. There is enough space for everyone on the moon,” Reuters added.

Read report: Chandrayaan-3 vs Luna 25

Aug 17, 2023 11:26 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 launch video: Revisit the historic moment

LVM3 M4 vehicle successfully launched Chandrayaan-3 into orbit heralding its historic journey to the Moon. 

Aug 17, 2023 11:08 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 latest updates: ISRO chief concern for the 100km journey

"Up to 100 km we do not see any difficulty. The issues are only in estimation of the position of the lander accurately from earth. This measurement is a very critical measurement, we call it the orbit determination process. If it is correct, the rest of the process can be done," ISRO Chief Somanath has said.

Read the detailed story on Chandrayaan-3 mission's critical phase

Aug 17, 2023 10:53 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 news: After Indian mission and Russia's Luna 25, list of future Moon exploration programmes

• SLIM - JAXA (Japan) Lunar Lander (Launch: August 26, 2023):

Peregrine Mission 1 - NASA CLPS Lunar Lander (Launch: 2023):

• IM-1 - NASA CLPS Lunar Lander (Launch: 2023):

• Lunar Trailblazer - NASA Lunar Orbiting Small Satellite (Launch: 2023):

• Prime 1 - NASA CLPS Lunar Lander (Launch: November 2023):

• Griffin Mission 1 - VIPER - NASA Lunar South Pole Rover (Launch: November 2024):

• Intuitive Machines 3 - NASA Lunar Lander and Rovers (Launch: 2024):

• Blue Ghost 1 - NASA Lunar Lander (Launch: 2023):

Chang'e 6 - CNSA (China) Lunar Sample Return Mission (Launch: 2024)

Read in detail: Future Moon exploration mission 

Aug 17, 2023 10:44 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 mission detailed timeline

• July 6: ISRO announces Mission Chandrayaan-3 launch date of July 14 from Sriharikota's second pad.

• July 7: Successful vehicle electrical tests completed.

• July 11: Comprehensive 24-hour 'Launch Rehearsal' simulating the entire launch process concludes.

• July 14: LVM3 M4 vehicle launches Chandrayaan-3 into designated orbit.

• July 15: First orbit-raising manoeuvre successful, reaching 41762 km x 173 km orbit.

• July 17: Second orbit-raising manoeuvre places Chandrayaan-3 at 41603 km x 226 km orbit.

• July 22: Fourth orbit-raising manoeuvre establishes spacecraft in 71351 km x 233 km orbit.

• July 25: Another successful orbit-raising manoeuvre.

• August 1: Chandrayaan-3 inserted into translunar orbit (288 km x 369328 km).

• August 5: Successful lunar orbit insertion (164 km x 18074 km).

• August 6: Lunar orbit lowered to 170 km x 4,313 km.

• August 9: ISRO carefully moves the spacecraft's path lower in its orbit around the moon. It has achieved a lunar orbit of 174 km x 1437 km

• August 14: Chandrayaan-3 gets closer to the moon's surface in another controlled bringing it in a orbit of 150 km x 177 km

• August 16: The Indian spacecraft performs the fifth and final Moon-bound manoeuvre positioning itself in a near circular Lunar orbit of 163*153 km.

• August 17: The landing module, comprising the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover, will separate from its propulsion system.

• Over the next few days, the Chandrayaan-3 will make the final orbit adjustment by reducing it to be around 100*30 km, the farthest and nearest point from the moon respectively.

• August 23: If everything goes well, planned lunar touchdown attempt at 5:47pm where the spacecraft will travel the last 30km distance.

Aug 17, 2023 10:24 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 vs Luna 25: A comparison

1. Launch Vehicles:

- Luna-25 was launched on August 11 using a Soyuz-2 Fregat booster.

- Chandrayaan-3, launched on July 14, employed the Launch Vehicle Mark-III chosen by ISRO.

2. Fuel Efficiency:

- Luna-25 benefits from surplus fuel storage, eliminating fuel efficiency concerns.

- Chandrayaan-3, with limited fuel capacity, needed a circuitous route due to fuel constraints.

3. Lift-off Mass:

- Luna-25 possesses a leaner lift-off mass of 1,750 kilograms.

- In contrast, Chandrayaan-3's mass is 3,800 kilograms, significantly heavier.

- Luna-25's reduced mass allows for more efficient acceleration capabilities.

Aug 17, 2023 10:20 AM IST

Luna 25 latest status: Where is the Russian Lunar spacecraft?

As Chandrayaan-3 continues to draw closer to its targeted lunar touchdown, another contender in lunar exploration, Luna-25, the Russian lunar mission launched just last week, has successfully entered lunar orbit and is gearing up for a soft landing attempt on the lunar surface between August 21 and 23.

Aug 17, 2023 10:10 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 updates: What next after Vikram lander separation?

After separation, the lander is expected to undergo a "deboost" (the process of slowing down) to place it in an orbit where the Perilune (closest point to the Moon) is 30 kilometres and Apolune (farthest point from the Moon) is 100 km. From this orbit, the soft landing on the south polar region of the Moon will be attempted on August 23.

Aug 17, 2023 10:00 AM IST

Chandrayaan-3 latest updates: Vikram lander to separate from propulsion module today

"Today’s successful firing, needed for a short duration, has put Chandrayaan-3 into an orbit of 153 km x 163 km, as intended. With this, the lunar-bound manoeuvres are completed. It's time for preparations as the Propulsion Module and the Lander Module gear up for their separate journeys," ISRO said on Wednesday.