What was The Manhattan Project, which made Oppenheimer ‘father of atomic bomb’ | World News - Hindustan Times
close_game
close_game

What was The Manhattan Project, which made Oppenheimer ‘father of atomic bomb’

Jul 27, 2023 07:39 PM IST

The Manhattan Project which began in 1942, successfully harnessed nuclear energy for the first time in the world in 1945.

Oppenheimer, the latest work of British-American filmmaker Christopher Nolan, featuring Irish actor Cillian Murphy is already one of the biggest movie hits this year around the world. The film continues to thrill the audience with its powerful storytelling and gripping portrayal of historical events from the most significant event of the 20th century - the creation of atomic bomb.

Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, creator of the atom bomb, is shown at his study at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, N.J., Dec. 15, 1957. (AP)
Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, creator of the atom bomb, is shown at his study at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, N.J., Dec. 15, 1957. (AP)

The biographical thriller is based on the theoretical physicist and scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, who is credited as the “father of the atomic bomb." He played an important role in the Manhattan Project during the World War II, which successfully harnessed nuclear energy for the first time in history of mankind, marking the beginning of the atomic age. In the movie, Oppenheimer is played by Cillian Murphy.

Hindustan Times - your fastest source for breaking news! Read now.

Also Read| ‘Now I become Death’: When Oppenheimer evoked Bhagavad Gita after first atomic test

What was the Manhattan Project? A timeline of events that led to ‘Trinity Test’

1)The project officially lasted from June 1942 to August 1947. It employed over 1,30,000 people throughout the United States, as per the US government's official records.

2)After former US President Roosevelt approved the creation of an atomic bomb in January 1942, the Army Corps of Engineers Manhattan District was formally established in June. The then US Army Brigadier General Leslie Groves headed the lab. In September, Groves approved Oak Ridge, located in the eastern part of the US state of Tennessee as a secret site for uranium enrichment, the US government's website reads.

Also Read: Ready for Oppenheimer? Know Atom Bomb science to understand Christopher Nolan's movie

3)In November 1942, Groves approved Los Alamos Laboratory in New Mexico as a secret site for atomic bomb development and construction. Oppenheimer served as the director of this laboratory from 1943 to 1945. By December 1942, Chicago Pile (CP-1), the world’s first experimental nuclear reactor reached a critical stage of construction.

4)In 1943, Groves approves Hanford in Washington as a secret site for plutonium production and by November the same year, the world’s first full-scale reactor named - ‘X-10 Graphite Reactor’ had reached a critical stage of development.

5)On April 12, 1945, President Roosevelt passed away. The following day, his successor Harry Truman was informed about the existence of the Manhattan Project.

6)The project successfully harnessed nuclear energy on July 16, 1945 after the successful detonation of the ‘Gadget’, the world's first atomic test device. ‘Trinity Test’ was set as the code name for this first ever detonation. The controversial undertaking of the Manhattan Project, which culminated into this explosion forever changed the course of humanity.

Unlock a world of Benefits with HT! From insightful newsletters to real-time news alerts and a personalized news feed – it's all here, just a click away! - Login Now! Get Latest World News along with Latest News from India at Hindustan Times.
SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Share this article
  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR
    author-default-90x90

    Trainee Content Producer at HT Digital. I read about feminism, late modern history, and globalisation of Korean music.

SHARE
Story Saved
Live Score
OPEN APP
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Saturday, March 02, 2024
Start 14 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now
Follow Us On