Afghanistan, US reach pact on handover of prisons
A last-minute agreement has been reached on how to handle the transfer of US detention facilities in Afghanistan to the Kabul government, Afghan and Western officials said Friday.
The issue has threatened to derail a long-term partnership between the two countries. They are in negotiations to formalise a role for US forces after NATO’s scheduled transfer of security responsibility to the Afghan government by the end of 2014.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai set Friday as the deadline for handover of control of the Parwan detention facility, a US-run prison that holds about 3,000 detainees, most of them Afghan citizens.
Earlier, Afghan officials indicated some in the Afghan government were ready to accept an American proposal to delay the transfer for six months in the framework of an agreement, but it was not clear if Karzai would go along with that.
Parwan is the largest of the facilities, located next to the sprawling Bagram military base near Kabul, the capital.
The US previously handed over responsibility for a few hundred detainees there but said the Afghan government was not ready to take over running the full detention center.
Afghan defense minister Gen. Abdul Rahim Wardak and US Gen. John Allen, the commander of NATO and US forces in Afghanistan, will sign a memorandum later Friday, the Afghan foreign ministry said in a statement.
The ministry did not say what the memorandum covered, but a Western official confirmed that it was about the transfer of detention facilities.
The official said the exact wording of the agreement was still being discussed, but the major issues have been decided.
The official declined to give other details and spoke anonymously because the document was still being finalized.
An Afghan official confirmed separately that the agreement was about detention issues but declined to give more details. The official spoke anonymously to discuss the deal before it was made public.
U.S. and Afghan officials have said that they want the a strategic partnership agreement signed by the time a NATO summit convenes Chicago in May, but talks have stalled in recent months, partly because of the disagreement over the detention facilities. Several other key issues remain unresolved.
Karzai has demanded an end to night raids in Afghan villages by international forces.
The raids target insurgents, but Karzai has said civilians are too often rounded up or killed when raids turn violent.
Karzai insists that if there are night raids, Afghan troops should conduct them alone.
Afghan and US officials said previously that both the detention and night raid issues might be handled separately from the partnership agreement, in order to push a deal through.
President Barack Obama and Karzai discussed the stalled security pact talks in a video conference on Thursday, the White House said.