After nearly 100 days, Zimbabwe unity deal struggles to deliver
Three months after Zimbabwe's unity government took office, the country remains mired in poverty, its schools and hospitals struggling to operate, and major political reform still untouched, analyst say.world Updated: May 12, 2009 20:34 IST
Three months after Zimbabwe's unity government took office, the country remains mired in poverty, its schools and hospitals struggling to operate, and major political reform still untouched, analyst say.
President Robert Mugabe and his rival Morgan Tsvangirai on February 11 formed a power-sharing government tasked with steering Zimbabwe back to stability after disputed elections last year plunged the country into crisis.
Under the fledgling government's watch, more than 800 million dollars in credit lines have been secured to rebuild the shattered economy, and the International Monetary Fund has said it will resume technical assistance to Harare.
But that's still a fraction of 8.5 billion dollars the government says it needs, and private firms say they want more guarantees that the rule of law will respected before they invest.
Relations within government remain tense. A cabinet meeting that ran long over schedule on Tuesday forced Tsvangirai to postpone an address to parliament, that had been meant to assess the government's performance.
Having ditched the hyperinflation-battered Zimbabwe dollar, the country has this year seen basic necessities return to stores and prices -- now tagged in US dollars -- slowly improving.
But, analysts say there has not been significant change since the political rivals signed a power-sharing pact three months ago.
"The only new thing is that unlike in the past we don't see the rivalry openly. There is slow movement in every other area," said Lovemore Madhuku, a law lecturer at the University of Zimbabwe.
The political parties in the unity pact have yet to resolve provincial governor posts amid continuing reports of farm invasions and last week's renewed detention of rights activists who were later released on bail.
Harare-based political analyst Takura Zhangazha said the new government should be lauded for bringing together former rivals but still has much to do to prove its worth.
"They have not achieved as much as they should," Zhangazha said.
"Restrictions to freedom of expression are still in place and that is a worrying thing."
On Monday, two editors of an independent newspaper were arrested while the Commercial Farmers' Union (CFU) says more than 100 farmers have experienced disturbances on their farms or were facing prosecution.
"Three months since the government was formed we are still experiencing disruptions taking place on the farms," Hendrick Olivier, chief executive of the predominantly white union told AFP.
"We are calling for a moratorium on all farm disruptions and prosecutions. We are not saying we want to reverse the land reforms. All we want is to be able to farm and provide food for the nation."
The unity government, which Tsvangirai has declared broke and will mark 100 days in power on May 22, is only able to pay workers a 100-dollar allowance regardless of rank.
Schools and public hospitals have re-opened but the latter still do not have sufficient drugs. Teacher unions have also threatened to strike again over demands for salaries that would enable them to pay school fees for their own children.
Businessman Tafadzwa Goliati said proof of the new government's work was yet to be seen.
"The majority of the people are still suffering," Goliati said. "There is an abundance of stocks in the shops but most people don't have money to buy the goods. A visit to the industrial areas will show you there is little activity.
"We cannot give the new government credit when three quarters of what we consume is coming from outside."
First Published: May 12, 2009 20:26 IST