Myanmar: Rohingya minority not recognised in recently published census

Myanmar released the results of its first nationwide census in 30 years on Friday but the survey excluded the country's Muslim Rohingya minority, who complain of deep state-sanctioned discrimination.
A-Bangladeshi-Border-Police-officer-speaks-with-Rohingya-Muslims-who-fled-Myanmar-to-Bangladesh-to-escape-religious-violence-after-they-were--intercepted-crossing-the-Naf-River-by-the-border-authorities-in-Taknaf-Bangladesh-AP-Photo-Anurup-Titu
A-Bangladeshi-Border-Police-officer-speaks-with-Rohingya-Muslims-who-fled-Myanmar-to-Bangladesh-to-escape-religious-violence-after-they-were--intercepted-crossing-the-Naf-River-by-the-border-authorities-in-Taknaf-Bangladesh-AP-Photo-Anurup-Titu
Updated on May 29, 2015 08:12 PM IST
Copy Link
Reuters | By, Yangon

Myanmar released the results of its first nationwide census in 30 years on Friday but the survey excluded the country's Muslim Rohingya minority, who complain of deep state-sanctioned discrimination.

Most of Myanmar's 1.1 million Rohingya are stateless and live in apartheid-like conditions in the western state of Rakhine. Almost 140,000 were displaced in deadly clashes with majority Buddhists in Rakhine in 2012.

Delegates from southeast Asian countries were gathered in the Thai capital on Friday for talks on the "boat people" crisis. Thousands of migrants, many of them Rohingya, are adrift on boats abandoned by traffickers after a recent crackdown in Thailand. Myanmar said it could not be held responsible.

As the meeting was wrapping up, Myanmar's Ministry of Information announced its navy had intercepted a boat with 727 migrants aboard and was taking them to a base on an island off its southern coast to determine their identity.

The Myanmar government had promised international sponsors the Rohingya would be free to identify themselves as such in the census, conducted in March-April 2014, but backtracked a day before it started and said the use of the term would not be allowed.

"In northern Rakhine state, a considerable segment of the population was left out of the exercise amid ongoing communal tensions and the demand of many local people to self-identify as Rohingya, a demand not conceded by the authorities," said Vijay Nambiar, special adviser to the UN secretary general on Myanmar.

The count has also been criticszed for being based on a list of 135 ethnic groups which activists say is outdated and inaccurate.

The biggest surprise of preliminary results from the count released in August was data showing Myanmar's population stood at 51.4 million, some 9 million fewer than previous estimates. The full census broadly confirmed that, putting it at 51.5 million.

Both numbers include an estimate of the Rohingya population based on pre-census mapping in Rakhine state, UNFPA said.

The results of the census showed literacy among adults at almost 90%.

Data from other sources show deep poverty in the country.

Only a third of Myanmar's households have electric light, the infant mortality rate is 62 per 100,000 live births, and life expectancy stands at 66.8 years compared to neighbouring Thailand's 74 years, according to the World Bank.

Census data on ethnicity and religion, as well as figures on occupation and maternal mortality, will be released next year after the country's general election, scheduled for November.

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close Story
QUICKREADS

Less time to read?

Try Quickreads

  • Ukrainian service members patrol an area in the city of Sievierodonetsk.

    Ukrainian forces to retreat from key battleground city

    Ukraine was set to pull its troops from the ruined city of Sievierodonetsk after weeks of street fighting and bombardment, the regional governor said, in what would be a significant gain for Russia as it grinds out its offensive in the east. Reuters could not independently verify any of the battlefield accounts.

  • File photo of US President Donald Trump.

    ‘God made abortion decision': Donald Trump on top court ruling

    Former US president Donald Trump on Friday said "God made the decision" to end the national right to abortion after the Supreme Court overturned nearly five decades of settled law. "This is following the Constitution, and giving rights back when they should have been given long ago," Trump told Fox News after a 6-3 majority said individual states should be allowed to make their own rules on abortion.

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping hosts the 14th Brics Summit via video link in Beijing, on Thursday. (AP)

    China criticises blocs, invites 13 countries to Brics-related event

    Besides the leaders of the Brics countries, China had invited leaders of 13 countries for the event, seen to be Beijing's push to expand the five-member bloc. It was a mix of countries: Algeria, Argentina, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Senegal, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Malaysia and Thailand.

  • A girl lays flowers at a makeshift memorial at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas. (AFP)

    US Congress passes rare bipartisan gun legislation

    In a rare political and legislative breakthrough, sparked by a surge in mass shootings across the country, the United States Congress, on a broadly bipartisan basis, passed a set of limited gun control measures on Friday. The Congressional push comes even as US Supreme Court limited the right of states to restrict people from carrying guns in public without special permit, striking down a New York law.

  •  (AFP)

    Roe v Wade: US top court ends 50 yrs of federal abortion rights

    In a judgment that will transform America's political, legal and social landscape, the United States' (US) Supreme Court, on Friday, struck down the historic Roe v Wade judgment that had institutionalised abortion-related protections in the country. Minutes after the judgment, Missouri became the first American state to ban abortion. Case and judgment The judgment was triggered by a case which involved a Mississippi legislation that banned abortion beyond 15 weeks.

SHARE
Story Saved
×
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Saturday, June 25, 2022