President Xi Jinping has vowed to open up China like never before as the world’s second-largest economy faces dwindling foreign exchange reserves and rising competition from countries like India for foreign investment.
China has been trying several measures to keep the economy afloat and struggling to keep the growth rate steady. It has moderated its economic growth forecast for 2017 to “around 6.5%” from the 6.7-7% it had targeted last year.
This year’s target is below expectations and signals China is likely to embrace risk-control over short-term growth.
Last year, however, it achieved a full-year growth of 6.7%. That figure was the weakest since the 1990s.
Xi, who has emerged as China’s most powerful leader in recent years and who is nearing the end of his first term in office, told lawmakers on Sunday that China’s opening door will not close, vowing that the country will continue to open up on all fronts and continue to liberalise, state-run Xinhua news agency reported on Monday.
His remarks - made during a panel discussion with lawmakers from Shanghai at the annual session of the National People’s Congress (NPC) - assume significance as China has been loosening its grip on foreign capital inflows and reducing restrictive measures and opening more sectors.
In the past few years, India has become a major destination for FDI under the ‘Make In India’ programme. According to a Financial Times report, “In 2015, India was for the first time the leading country ($63 billion) in the world for FDI, overtaking the US (which had $59.6 billion of greenfield FDI) and China ($56.6 billion).”
Yesterday, Premier Li Keqiang delivering a government work report detailed “unprecedented” opening-up measures to the outside world under its flagship ‘Made in China’ initiative.
“Foreign firms will be treated the same as domestic firms when it comes to licences applications, standard setting, government procurement and will enjoy same preferential policies under Made in China 2025 initiative,” Li said.
Foreign firms will be able to get listed on China’s stock markets and issue bonds. They will be allowed to participate in national science and technology projects, he said.
Significant improvements will be made in the environment for foreign investment. Service industries, manufacturing and mining will be more open to foreign investment, he added.
Local governments in China can, within the scope of the powers granted them by law, adopt preferential policies to attract foreign investment.
With the renewed focus for FDI, China is expected to aggressively vie with India for investments abroad. Its forex reserves - the world’s largest - dipped below $3 trillion, sparking concerns among the Chinese policymakers.