Govt’s public debt rises by 2.53% in July-September quarter
Internal debt constituted 93% of public debt at end-September 2017, while marketable securities accounted for 82.6% of public debt.business Updated: Dec 05, 2017 18:29 IST
Public debt of the central government rose by 2.53% to Rs 65.65 lakh crore in the July-September quarter compared to the previous quarter.
“The Public Debt (excluding liabilities under the ‘Public Account’) of the central government provisionally increased to Rs 65,65,652 crore at end-September 2017 from Rs 64,03,138 crore at end-June 2017,” the Quarterly Report on Public Debt Management for July-September 2017 said.
Internal debt constituted 93% of public debt at end-September 2017, while marketable securities accounted for 82.6% of public debt.
About 27.8% of outstanding stock has a residual maturity of up to five years at end-September 2017, which implies that over the next five years, on an average, around 5.56% of outstanding stock needs to be repaid every year.
“Thus, rollover risk in the debt portfolio continues to be low,” the report said.
During the second quarter, the government issued dated securities worth Rs 1.89 lakh crore, higher than Rs 1.68 lakh crore in the first quarter, taking gross borrowings during the first half of 2017-18 to Rs 3.57 lakh crore, or 61.68 per cent of Budget Estimate (BE), vis-a-vis 56.8% of BE in the first half of 2016-17.
“The liquidity in the economy remained in surplus, due to demonetisation, during the quarter. The cash position of the government during second quarter of 2017-18 was somewhat stressed and the Centre was required to resort to W & M advances from RBI on a few occasions,” the report said.
According to the report, through cash management guidelines, attempt was made to time expenditure as per receipt trends.
“Based on the assessment of prevailing and evolving liquidity conditions, RBI conducted sale of Government securities under Open Market Operations for an aggregate amount of Rs 600 billion during the quarter,” it said.
According to the report, G-Sec yields showed a falling trend till August 3, 2017 but an increasing trend was seen thereafter.
“The trading volume of government securities on an outright basis during the second quarter of the current fiscal increased by 10.20 per cent over the previous quarter.”