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CPR - The Life-support

The CPR is life-support procedure and includes artificial respiration and manual cardiac massage.

health and fitness Updated: Aug 23, 2003 18:12 IST

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is an emergency life-support procedure. It includes artificial respiration and manual cardiac massage. Both these procedures are applied to prevent irreversible brain damage or death in the case of cardiac arrest. They should be performed only by someone trained in the technique after making sure that the victim's heart has stopped or respiration has ceased.

The first step is to check if a victim's pulse has stopped and then to check the pulse rate in the neck or groin. If no pulse can be felt the rescuer can assume that the victim's heart has stopped and start CPR at once if he is properly trained.

If untrained in CPR one should seek emergency medical help as soon as possible. Those who are performing the CPR may shout out to someone nearby to call for medical help.

Artificial Respiration

The first step in CPR is to give artificial respiration. Artificial respiration is a lifesaving method used to restore breathing to a person whose breathing has stopped.

If breathing has stopped, the victim will soon become unconscious. There will be no chest movement, and the skin will be pale or a slightly bluish colour. When breathing stops there is no oxygenation of the blood and irreversible brain damage or death may occur in as little as three to six minutes.

Therefore it is important to start artificial respiration as soon as possible and continue until medical help arrives. If breathing restarts and becomes regular, the victim should be observed continuously until medical help arrives.

The most common and efficient method of artificial respiration is mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

(Source: Webhealthcentre.com)