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Wednesday, Oct 16, 2019

Most stunted under-5 kids in UP, high cases of hypertension in Kerala

The results were found in a study by country’s premier National Institute of Nutrition.

health Updated: Sep 28, 2017 23:38 IST
Rhythma Kaul
Rhythma Kaul
Hindustan Times, New Delhi

Children between 5 and 13 years are the most undernourished in the country, finds a study by country’s premier National Institute of Nutrition.

The Urban Nutrition Data research study that was carried out between 2015 and 2016 in 16 states found prevalence of undernutrition (thinness) was also significantly higher in 14-17 year old boys as compared to girls of the same age group.

The prevalence of stunting among urban under-5 children was highest in the states of Uttar Pradesh (40.8%), followed by Maharashtra (36.4%), New Delhi (35.7%) and West Bengal (34.4%).

About 2.6 million Indians are predicted to die of coronary heart disease that constitute 54.1% of all cardiovascular deaths by 2020.

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) institute released the report — “Diet and Nutritional Status of Urban Population in India and Prevalence of Obesity, Hypertension, Diabetes and Hyperlipidaemia in Urban men and women” on Tuesday.

Hypertension among urban men and women was found to be 31% and 26%, respectively. Kerala has maximum hypertensive people (31 to 39%) and Bihar with 16% to 22% has the lowest prevalence of hypertension.

Puducherry has the most number of diabetics— 41.2% men and 36.6% women, followed by New Delhi with 36.4% men and 33.5% women. Kerala is close third with 32.9% men and 26.5% women suffering from diabetes.

Major causes for the increase in cases of Non Communicable of Diseases (NCDs) are being attributed to nutrition transition that is a change in the food habits, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy lifestyles and other high risk behaviours.

About 2.6 million Indians are predicted to die of coronary heart disease (CHD) that constitute a whopping 54.1% of all cardio vascular disease (CVD) deaths in India by 2020.

In addition, CHD in Indians has been shown to occur prematurely, that is, at least a decade or two earlier as compared to those reported from developed countries.

Hypertension is an important risk factor for CVD alongside overweight and obesity and is a major public health concern in developing countries around the world.

A total of 1.72 lakh people from 52,577 households were spoken to for the study with an objective to assess ‘diet and nutritional status of urban population and the prevalence of obesity, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia among the urban people.

First Published: Sep 28, 2017 23:38 IST

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