Family members of Zaffar Hussein, who was allegedly beaten to death by Rajasthan government officials on Friday, at their home in Pratapgarh.(Salik Ahmad/HT photo)
Family members of Zaffar Hussein, who was allegedly beaten to death by Rajasthan government officials on Friday, at their home in Pratapgarh.(Salik Ahmad/HT photo)

Man lynched in Rajasthan: Eyewitnesses say govt officials yelled ‘kill him’

Rajasthan’s Zaffar Hussein, a CPI (ML) member and activist, was allegedly beaten to death by civic officials after he objected to them taking photographs of women defecating in the open.
By Salik Ahmad | Hindustan Times, Pratapgarh, Pratapgarh
UPDATED ON JUL 16, 2017 07:21 AM IST

For 24 hours, Rashida Bi has been in a daze. With a white dupatta over her face, she sits facing a blank wall, wailing and talking incoherently in snatches.

Next to her, her 14-year-old daughter Sabra is reading the Quran to come to terms with her grief, sitting on the floor of their modest one-storey home in a congested neighbourhood in Rajasthan’s Pratapgarh.

Her father, CPI (ML) member and activist, Zaffar Hussein was allegedly lynched by government officials early on Friday after he objected to their photographing women defecating in the open.

Zafar’s wife and daughter too had accompanied with him to object to the officials.

“They threatened my 14-year-old daughter, said they’ll burn her father, break my face,” Rashida says in an outburst before collapsing into sobs.

“It was about 6:30 am and the municipal officials were clicking photos of the women defecating, pushing them, kicking their water mugs. When my husband objected to them, they told him to stay away,” she adds.

“Then Kamal, the red haired sweeper at the municipality, started hitting him,” says Rashida.

The officials held her, the daughter and other women at a distance to stall their intervention efforts, she adds.

Kamal was hitting Zaffar’s head with a stone, adds Sabra Bi, Zaffar’s daughter. “The commissioner, who was sitting in the car, egged him on. ‘Maaro, maaro, jaan se khatam kar do’,” says the daughter, who studies in Class 10.

Zaffar Hussein. (File photo)
Zaffar Hussein. (File photo)

Shahida (30), a neighbour who too claims to be an eyewitness, adds that Kamal’s hand and shirt got stained with Zaffar’s blood during the assault.

Police haven’t arrested anyone for the alleged assault but has named four civic officials – including commissioner Ashok Jain – in the FIR. “We were only telling women coming back after defecating to stop doing it in the open. Zaffar came and attacked Kamal,” he told HT.

“I held him and took him aside. Whatever the issue, you must not fight, I told him. Zaffar then left cursing us,” he said. He added that there was no attack or retaliation from his men.

But eyewitnesses dismiss the official’s version of events and say they saw the alleged attack on the 48-year-old Hussein.

At the spot where the alleged lynching took place, a few stones, a little larger than fist, are lying on the road. “I was returning from there after taking a dump,” Durga Shankar, a 16-year old standing at the spot, says pointing towards a mound of black rocky ground.

“A white car was parked here. And the red-haired man [Kamal] was punching him [Zaffar] in the stomach,” he says.

Another woman who had gone to relieve herself, Sarsi Meena, says Zaffar had come out running after the women made noise. “The officials had been coming since four days and clicking our photos and telling us to use the community toilet,” she says.

Zaffar, who ran a small grocery shop and worked for rights of labourers, had repeatedly petitioned the municipal councillor to release money for the construction of toilets in the homes, the villagers say.

The photographing of people defecating in the open is part of the government’s Swachh Bharat scheme to shame and discourage public defecation. But many experts say such naming-and-shaming doesn’t work because poor and backward communities have scant access to functional toilets or funds to build their own facilities.

The incident in Pratapgarh – around 400 kilometres from state capital Jaipur – is the latest in a string of cases of lynching across India. In April, a Muslim dairy farmer was killed by alleged cow protection vigilantes while legally transporting cattle.

Two years ago, Mohammad Ikhlaq was lynched in Greater Noida’s Bisada village on suspicions that he had slaughtered a calf and consumed beef. Last month, seven people were murdered in 24 hours by frenzied tribal mobs in Jharkhand.

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