No panel set up for national jobs policy: Minister

  • The government has launched three employment surveys to enable the government to understand significant issues and help to frame evidence-based National Employment Policy,  the minister said.
The Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana was also launched in October 2020 as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat package 3.0 to incentivise employers for the creation of new employment(HT File)
The Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana was also launched in October 2020 as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat package 3.0 to incentivise employers for the creation of new employment(HT File)
Updated on Nov 30, 2021 04:29 PM IST
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By, New Delhi

The minister for state for labour and employment Rameswar Teli has said in a written reply to a Parliament question that the Union government has not set up any committee to frame a proposed national employment policy.

The minister said the government had launched three employment surveys, namely the All-India Quarterly Establishment-Based Employment Survey (AQEES), the All-India Survey on Migrant Workers and the All-India Survey on Domestic Workers.

“Information gathered through these surveys would enable the government to understand significant issues and help to frame evidence-based National Employment Policy,” the minister said in his reply. But “at present there is no such committee” to create a National Employment Policy, he added in his answer.

Based on an earlier interaction with officials aware of the development, HT in a report on Monday said that the government would set up an expert committee to frame a draft national employment policy that will likely have employment targets in sectors with potential for mass employment.

In his response, the minister added that the Union government had taken “various steps for generating employment in the country” such as projects involving substantial investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission.

The Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana was also launched in October 2020 as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat package 3.0 to incentivise employers for the creation of new employment along with social security benefits and restoration of loss of employment during the Covid-19 pandemic, the minister said.

Five ongoing surveys of the labour markets are expected to help formulate policies for both formal and informal segments of the economy. They will also help design social security measures for workers, including those employed in the gig economy.

The surveys are critical as they will provide insights into the employment and socioeconomic condition of migrants and other informal workers.

In September, the government released the results of the first All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES) for the April-June 2021 quarter. The AQEES showed a 29% increase in employment in nine sectors during the peak Covid-19 months of April-June 2021 over a base of 2013-14. The survey showed a jump in jobs in sectors such as IT, business process outsourcing and manufacturing.

Along with the latest survey, the AQEES is part of four other annual surveys conducted by the labour bureau. These are the All-India Survey of Migrant Workers, All-India Survey of Domestic Workers, All-India Survey of Employment Generated by Professionals and All-India Survey of Employment Generated in the Transport Sector.

India lacks an official short-term, high-frequency jobs data and the AQEES is meant to fill the critical gap. Economists usually depend on the Periodic Labour Force Survey, a government jobs survey, or data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), a private data firm.

According to the latest data from the CMIE, India’s unemployment rate in October 2021 rose to 7.75% from a three-month low of 6.86% in September 2021.

(This story has been updated to incorporate the minister’s answer in Parliament)

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Monday, January 24, 2022