?DNA tests can stop women?s exploitation?
?IN INDIA, the use of DNA fingerprinting could prevent the large-scale exploitation of women and several kinds of litigation.india Updated: Jan 23, 2006 00:03 IST
“IN INDIA, the use of DNA fingerprinting could prevent the large-scale exploitation of women and several kinds of litigation.
On a global scale, the availability of this technique and its refinement to a stage where it would become virtually foolproof, could act as a deterrent to certain type of crimes” said S K Mukherjee of International Centre for Genetic
Engineering and Biotechnology, while addressing the six-day national training programme on 'Advance in Scene of Crime Investigation', here at the State Forensic Science Laboratory.
While taking to the Hindustan Times he informed that the DNA fingerprint cannot match with any other person of the world. The possibility of matching of two DNA fingerprints is 1:40 billion, which is next to impossible.
He said that in India, DNA use of technique started some 15 years back. The science got public awareness in crime after the murder of Naina Sahani, which was better known as Tandoor scandal of New Delhi.
The DNA expert Lalji Singh had confirmed that the lady who had died in the tandoor was Naina Sahani. DNA fingerprint has been used for unequivocal decisions in the forensic cases for example in murder and rape cases. DNA fingerprint has been rightly called the greatest breakthrough in forensic medicine in the present century, he added.
Dr Mukherjee said the DNA material left by criminal, like saliva, hair containing root, blood, sperms and other simple tissues of the body, is able to give perfect picture and identification of the criminal.
Dr Mukherjee said paternity and maternity disputes are also solved through this technique. Giving an interesting example, he said that in the year 1992 a civil engineer was told by his doctor that he is not able reproduce child because of low count of sperms.
However, the engineer had two children. He suspected infidelity by his wife and filed a case for divorce. The DNA fingerprint was investigated and both joy and embarrassment faced him because he was indeed the father of his two children.
He said that the DNA test of paternity can be done in Rs 5000 at Hyderabad. The cases related to switched babies can also be solved. In the famous Laxmi Vs Mary case, a five-year-old girl was claimed to be Laxmi by one couple and Mary by the other. DNA tests cleared that the girl was indeed Mary.
Dr Mukherjee said the identification of mutilated bodies is also done through this technique. The most important case solved in India by DNA fingerprint was the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
However, Dr Mukherjee said the most important use of DNA fingerprint is for peaceful purposes like identification of plant species and variety and exploration of genetic disorders. Similarly, it is used to diagnose and cure genetic disease, he added.