India should go for renewable energy: Report
In wide-ranging recommendations for the industry as well as the consumers, the National Energy Map for India has recommended more use of renewable energy including CNG and providing energy efficient technology at an affordable price for consumers.
Releasing the report on Monday, the Principal Scientific Advisor to the government, Dr R Chidambaran, said that India could grow only if it is driven by energy production. "We have to look at all sectors and meet the anticipated demand by 2030," he said.
The report projects that by 2030 the commercial energy requirement will increase to 2123 million tonne of oil equivalent from the present 391.
"It is a huge challenge," said Dr RK Pachauri, Director-General, The Energy and Research Institute (TERI), which has conducted the study.
In the report, TERI tried to give some solutions to meet the demand. "To reduce its dependence on imports of all the conventional energy fuels, the country needs to undertake all possible options on the demand and supply side simultaneously to reduce its total energy requirements as well as diversify its fuel resource mix," the report stated.
For the industry, TERI had made specific recommendations to ban import of second hand machinery, use cleaner fuels, facilitate shift towards cogeneration, tapping waste heat to process heat and provide support.
In the residential sector, TERI has recommended that sale of compact fluorescent lamps and tube-lights should be encouraged in place of light bulbs.
"The government should introduce energy efficiency tools in construction project as it could lead to huge saving on domestic power sector," Pachauri said.
Chidambaran, however, was optimistic that India will soon be a market for nuclear energy.
"We are doing well in heavy water reactors, fast feeder reactors and thorium based reactors. It is only light water reactors for which we will have to import technology. This also can be later indigenously developed," he said.