Israel and Palestine
Israel and Palestine have been fighting a fierce battle for sovereignty and control of a landmass in West Asia. The issue still remains unresolved. At the heart of the conflict is the Israeli government?s refusal to consider a Palestinian state and the Arab countries? refusal to recognize the legitimacy of Israel.india Updated: Sep 08, 2002 22:01 IST
Israel and Palestine have been fighting a fierce battle for sovereignty and control of a landmass in West Asia. The issue still remains unresolved.
At the heart of the conflict is the Israeli government’s refusal to consider a Palestinian state and the Arab countries’ refusal to recognize the legitimacy of Israel. In the 1970s, both sides began to recognize the need for a compromise. The Palestinians proposed a separate state, claiming the territories occupied by Israel in the 1967 war as their homeland.
This idea found much support in the international community and also in the UN Security Council. However, with Israel’s continued intransigence, peace continued to elude the region.
Palestinian leader Yaser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Isac Rabin negotiated the first meaningful agreement between Palestinians and Israelis at Oslo in 1993.The Oslo Accord called for mutual recognition between Israel and the PLO and a five-year transitional period during which Israel would gradually remove its troops from major Palestinian population centers.
At the end of the transitional period, an agreement would be reached based on Security Council resolutions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from the territories occupied in 1967. In return, Arafat would end anti-Israeli violence.
The Oslo process failed to bring about any desired result, and a Palestinian uprising began in September 2000.
As of today there are more than 3.7 million Palestinian refugees living in refugee camps throughout West Asia and other parts of the world.
First Published: Sep 08, 2002 22:01 IST