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Rajasthan LS poll profile

Though the Congress has been the dominant party in Rajasthan since the first parliamentary polls were held in 1952, the state has turned its back on the party quite a few times.

india Updated: Oct 13, 2003 15:16 IST

Though the Congress has been the dominant party in Rajasthan since the first parliamentary polls were held in 1952, the state has turned its back on the party quite a few times.

Since the first elections in 1952, the Congress has only be able to muster 155 of the 287 Lok Sabha seats on offer till 1998.

The other parties in the state have together won 132. The BJP, earlier called the Jan Sangh, managed to win 55, one-third of the Congress tally. The Lok Dal won 24, Rajmata Gayatri Devi's Swatantra Party won 14 seats, the Janata Dal and Independants won 11 seats each, the Samajwadi Party managed six, Ram Raj Parishad bagged four, the Janata (S) got two, and the CPI-M, Congress (Tiwari), Congress (Secular), Congress (Urs) and the Congress Krishikar Lok Party bagged one seat each.

In the 1952 elections held for 20 constituencies in the state, the Congress won nine seats, the Ram Raj Parishad three, the Swantantra Party and the Bharatiya Jan Sangh took one seat each, while Independents won six.

In the second Lok Sabha elections held for 22 seats, the Congress raised its tally to 19, but in the third Lok Sabha elections it witnessed a downswing, bagging just 14 seats.

The fourth parliamentary polls held for 23 seats heralded the start of the coalition era, and burnt a hole in the vote bank of the Congress.It managed to win just ten seats. The Swatantra Party won eight, while the Jan Sangh bagged three.

The Congress rebounded in the fifth elections, grabbing 14 seats. The Jan Sangh won four seats and the Swatantra Party was relegated to the third place, winning just three. Independents won the other two seats.

The 1977 polls, an anti-Congress was seen. The Janata Party swept the elections claiming 24 of the 25 seats on offer. The Congress claimed only one seat.

In the 1980 mid-term polls, the Congress, riding on the crest of the Janata Party government's failure, recaptured 18 seats of the 25 on offer. The sympathy wave following Indira Gandhi's assassination in 1984, helped the Congress re-emerge as the only political party in the state to win all twenty five lok sabha seats.

In 1989, the Congress lost all 25 seats,while the BJP won 13. The Janata Dal won 11 and the CPI (M) won one seat, opening its account in the state.

In the Tenth and Eleventh Lok Sabha elections, the Congress and the BJP bagged an almost equal number of seats. The BJP-JD alliance had tilted the results in favour of the non-Congress parties in the tenth elections, but issues like the Ayodhya temple, coupled with the anti-incumbency factor working against the eight-year BJP rule in Rajasthan, saw the voters exercising their franchise in favour of the Congress in the Eleventh general elections.

The 1998 polls saw the Congress winning 18 seats, leaving the BJP way behind with just five. The remaining two were won by former Union Home Minister Buta Singh and Sis Ram Ola, who later returned to the Congress.

In the coming polls, the Congress and the BJP are the main contenders. However no party can confidently claim that the electorate has shown a definite swing towards it.

First Published: Oct 13, 2003 15:16 IST