By making 'Gamosa', Assamese women keeping state's tradition alive

Assamese Gamosa, which has been worn by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his public rallies in the poll-bound state, is one of the most easily recognisable cultural symbols of the Assamese people, besides 'Tamol Pan' (Areca nut and betel leaf).
A woman weaving an Assamese traditional Gamosa ahead of the Rongali Bihu festival, in Nagaon on Sunday. (ANI Photo)
A woman weaving an Assamese traditional Gamosa ahead of the Rongali Bihu festival, in Nagaon on Sunday. (ANI Photo)
Published on Apr 12, 2021 01:54 PM IST
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ANI | , Guwahati, Assam

Assamese Gamosa, which has been worn by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his public rallies in the poll-bound state, is one of the most easily recognisable cultural symbols of the Assamese people, besides 'Tamol Pan' (Areca nut and betel leaf). Prime Minister Modi's repeated invocations of this cultural symbol have made it a politically important motif in recent times. Gamosha is made manually in the villages of Assam.

In a village near Lakhimpur, almost half of the villagers -- mostly women -- can be seen weaving Gamosa and other traditional dresses by hand-operated wooden looms.

Assamese Gamosa is mostly woven out of white threads with colourful and intricate inlays in red. Gamocha is also known as 'Bihuwaan' as it is an essential part of the Bihu festival.

Speaking to ANI, Rekha Muni Gogoi, a craftswoman said, "We do this work regularly. Simple Gamosa takes a whole day. If we make a designer Gamosa, it takes around two days' time."

While a normal Gamosa is sold at 100, the designer ones range between 300 to 1500. Another craftswoman, Promila Devi Barua, said Gamosas is a matter of pride for them. The craftspersons don't get any help from the government in the expansion of this form of craft. While some of the poor do it for their livelihood, others do it to keep up the tradition.

The government of Assam has made an act to save these handloom workers, according to the Handloom Reservation Act, 2010.

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